EWI-2/CD316 is an inducible receptor of HSPA8 on human dendritic cells.
ABSTRACT The activation of dendritic cells is marked by changes both on their cell surfaces and in their functions. We define EWI-2/CD316 as an early activation marker of dendritic cells upregulated by Toll-like receptor ligands clearly before CD86 and CD83. By expression cloning, human heat shock protein A8 (HSPA8), a member of the hsp70 family, was identified as the ligand for EWI-2. Soluble EWI-2 bound both to cells expressing HSPA8 and also to immobilized HSPA8 protein. Although heat shock proteins are evolutionarily well conserved, other members of this class, including human hsp60 and mycobacterial hsp65, did not bind to EWI-2. The ligation of EWI-2 enhanced the CCL21/SLC-dependent migration of activated mature dendritic cells but attenuated their antigen-specific stimulatory capacities. Important functions of recently activated dendritic cells are thus critically modulated by the newly discovered HSPA8-EWI-2 interaction.
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ABSTRACT: Here, we investigated an Immunoglobulin (Ig) superfamily protein IgSF8 which is abundantly expressed in olfactory sensory neuron (OSN) axons and their developing synapses. We demonstrate that expression of IgSF8 within synaptic neuropil is transitory, limited to the period of glomerular formation. Glomerular expression decreases after synaptic maturation and compartmental glomerular organization is achieved, although expression is maintained at high levels within the olfactory nerve layer (ONL). Immunoprecipitations indicate that IgSF8 interacts with tetraspanin CD9 in the olfactory bulb (OB). CD9 is a component of tetraspanin-enriched microdomains (TEMs), specialized microdomains of the plasma membrane known to regulate cell morphology, motility, invasion, fusion and signaling, in both the nervous and immune systems, as well as in tumors. In vitro, both IgSF8 and CD9 localize to puncta within axons and growth cones of OSNs, consistent with TEM localization. When the olfactory epithelium (OE) was lesioned, forcing OSN regeneration en masse, IgSF8 was once again able to be detected in OSN axon terminals as synapses were reestablished. Finally, we halted synaptic maturation within glomeruli by unilaterally blocking functional activity and found that IgSF8 did not undergo exclusion from this subcellular compartment and instead continued to be detected in adult glomeruli. These data support the hypothesis that IgSF8 facilitates OSN synapse formation.Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience 06/2012; 50(3-4):238-49. DOI:10.1016/j.mcn.2012.05.007 · 3.73 Impact Factor
Dataset: Niehage et al. Plos One 2011
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ABSTRACT: Human lactoferrin (LF) is a multifunctional protein involved in immunomodulation, cellular growth, and differentiation. In addition to its secreted form (sLF), an alternative form (ΔLF) lacking the signal sequence has been found to be downregulated in cancer. Although the signaling pathways mediated by LF have been studied in a few cell models, there have been no relevant systemic approaches. Therefore, this study was carried out to identify and compare signaling networks provoked by the two LF isoforms. For this, the two forms were overexpressed in HEK293 cells using the Flp-In T-Rex system, after which genome-wide expression analysis of 18,367 genes was conducted. Pathway analysis of the genes showing altered expression identified pathways which are responsible for cell survival and apoptosis. In addition, the pathways mediated by the two LF forms were within distantly related networks. GPCR, PI3K complex, and POU5F1, which are involved in receptor-mediated pathways, were centered in the sLF network, whereas RIF1, NOS3, and RNPS1, which are involved in intracellular signaling, were centered in the ΔLF network. These results suggest that structural differences between the LF isoforms, mainly glycosylation, determine the fate of LF signaling. Furthermore, these findings provide information relating to the role of ΔLF which is downregulated during carcinogenesis.PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(1):e55338. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0055338 · 3.53 Impact Factor