TGF-beta 1 variants in chronic beryllium disease and sarcoidosis.
ABSTRACT Evidence suggests a genetic predisposition to chronic beryllium disease (CBD) and sarcoidosis, which are clinically and pathologically similar granulomatous lung diseases. TGF-beta1, a cytokine involved in mediating the fibrotic/Th1 response, has several genetic variants which might predispose individuals to these lung diseases. We examined whether certain TGF-beta1 variants and haplotypes are found at higher rates in CBD and sarcoidosis cases compared with controls and are associated with disease severity indicators for both diseases. Using DNA from sarcoidosis cases/controls from A Case Control Etiologic Study of Sarcoidosis Group (ACCESS) and CBD cases/controls, TGF-beta1 variants were analyzed by sequence-specific primer PCR. No significant differences were found between cases and controls for either disease in the TGF-beta1 variants or haplotypes. The -509C and codon 10T were significantly associated with disease severity indicators in both CBD and sarcoidosis. Haplotypes that included the -509C and codon 10T were also associated with more severe disease, whereas one or more copies of the haplotype containing the -509T and codon 10C was protective against severe disease for both sarcoidosis and CBD. These studies suggest that the -509C and codon 10T, implicated in lower levels of TGF-beta1 protein production, are shared susceptibility factors associated with more severe granulomatous disease in sarcoidosis and CBD. This association may be due to lack of down-regulation by TGF-beta1, although future studies will be needed to correlate TGF-beta1 protein levels with known TGF-beta1 genotypes and assess whether there is a shared mechanisms for TGF-beta1 in these two granulomatous diseases.
Article: Mathematical model of sarcoidosis[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Sarcoidosis is a disease involving abnormal collection of inflammatory cells forming nodules, called granulomas. Such granulomas occur in the lung and the mediastinal lymph nodes, in the heart, and in other vital and nonvital organs. The origin of the disease is unknown, and there are only limited clinical data on lung tissue of patients. No current model of sarcoidosis exists. In this paper we develop a mathematical model on the dynamics of the disease in the lung and use patients' lung tissue data to validate the model. The model is used to explore potential treatments.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 10/2014; 111(45). DOI:10.1073/pnas.1417789111 · 9.81 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Racial disparities appear to exist in the susceptibility and severity of systemic sclerosis (SSc, scleroderma) and are responsible for a greater health burden in blacks as compared with whites. Disparities in socioeconomic status and access to healthcare do not sufficiently explain the observed differences in prevalence and mortality. It is important to determine whether there might be a biologic basis for the racial disparities observed in SSc. We present data to suggest that the increased susceptibility and severity of SSc in blacks may result in part from an imbalance of profibrotic and antifibrotic factors. Racial differences in the expression of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and caveolin-1, as well as differences in the expression of hepatocyte growth factor and PPAR-γ, have been demonstrated in blacks with SSc, as well as in normal black individuals. A genetic predisposition to fibrosis may account for much of the racial disparities between black and white patients with SSc. A better understanding of the biologic basis for the racial disparities observed in SSc may lead to improved therapies, along with the recognition that different therapies may need to be adapted for different groups of patients.Current opinion in rheumatology 09/2012; 24(6):642-8. DOI:10.1097/BOR.0b013e328356d9dc · 5.07 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Abstract Exhaled breath condensate (EBC) is a non-invasive method of sampling airway lining fluids in respiratory diseases. This may be useful in identifying exhaled biomarkers of granulomatous inflammation and pulmonary fibrosis in patients with sarcoidosis. The aim of this pilot study was to identify markers of granulomatous airway inflammation and disease activity including neopterin, transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) in EBC. EBC was collected from 16 patients with sarcoidosis and 22 healthy control subjects. EBC neopterin, and active-TGF-β1 were measured by ELISA. EBC–ACE activity was measured using a colorimetric assay. EBC neopterin was detectable in 3/20 controls and 7/16 patients with sarcoidosis. Patients with sarcoidosis had greater mean neopterin levels compared to control subjects (0.57 ± 0.45 nmol l−1 versus 0.41 ± 0.22 nmol l−1, p = 0.04). TGF-β1 was detectable in the EBC of all subjects and concentrations were higher in patients with sarcoidosis compared with controls (115.5 ± 79.6 pg mol−1 versus 82.3 ± 16.2 pg mol−1, p = 0.048). There was no difference in EBC ACE activity, which was only detectable in 3/20 healthy controls and 2/16 patients (p = 0.91). EBC markers of granulomatous inflammation are detectable at greater levels in patients with sarcoidosis compared to healthy controls subjects. Larger studies and development of sensitive assays are warranted to examine the disease correlates and predictive utility of these markers.Journal of Breath Research 10/2013; 7(4):046003. · 3.59 Impact Factor