Effects of Aerobic and Resistance Exercise in Breast Cancer Patients Receiving Adjuvant Chemotherapy: A Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial
ABSTRACT Breast cancer chemotherapy may cause unfavorable changes in physical functioning, body composition, psychosocial functioning, and quality of life (QOL). We evaluated the relative merits of aerobic and resistance exercise in blunting these effects.
We conducted a multicenter randomized controlled trial in Canada between 2003 and 2005 that randomly assigned 242 breast cancer patients initiating adjuvant chemotherapy to usual care (n = 82), supervised resistance exercise (n = 82), or supervised aerobic exercise (n = 78) for the duration of their chemotherapy (median, 17 weeks; 95% CI, 9 to 24 weeks). Our primary end point was cancer-specific QOL assessed by the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Anemia scale. Secondary end points were fatigue, psychosocial functioning, physical fitness, body composition, chemotherapy completion rate, and lymphedema.
The follow-up assessment rate for our primary end point was 92.1%, and adherence to the supervised exercise was 70.2%. Unadjusted and adjusted mixed-model analyses indicated that aerobic exercise was superior to usual care for improving self-esteem (P = .015), aerobic fitness (P = .006), and percent body fat (adjusted P = .076). Resistance exercise was superior to usual care for improving self-esteem (P = .018), muscular strength (P < .001), lean body mass (P = .015), and chemotherapy completion rate (P = .033). Changes in cancer-specific QOL, fatigue, depression, and anxiety favored the exercise groups but did not reach statistical significance. Exercise did not cause lymphedema or adverse events.
Neither aerobic nor resistance exercise significantly improved cancer-specific QOL in breast cancer patients receiving chemotherapy, but they did improve self-esteem, physical fitness, body composition, and chemotherapy completion rate without causing lymphedema or significant adverse events.
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of resistance training (RT) and dried plum (DP) consumption on strength, body composition, blood markers of bone, and inflammation in breast cancer survivors (BCS). Twenty-three BCS (RT, n = 12; RT+DP, n = 11), aged 64 ± 7 years, were evaluated at baseline and after 6 months of intervention on the following: muscular strength (chest press and leg extension) via 1-repetition maximums (1RMs); body composition, specifically bone mineral density (BMD) by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry; biochemical markers of bone turnover (bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BAP), tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP-5b)); and inflammation (C-reactive protein (CRP)). Target RT prescription was 2 days/week of 10 exercises, including 2 sets of 8–12 repetitions at ∼60%–80% of 1RM. RT+DP also consumed 90 g of DP daily. There were no baseline differences between groups or any group-by-time interactions for any of the variables. BCS increased upper (p p p p = 0.07) (5.10 ± 2.75 to 4.27 ± 2.03 U/L). Changes in BAP and CRP were not observed. RT was effective for improving biochemical markers of bone turnover and muscular strength in BCS. A longer and higher intensity intervention may be needed to reveal the true effects of RT and DP on body composition and biochemical markers of inflammation.Applied Physiology Nutrition and Metabolism 06/2014; 39(6). DOI:10.1139/apnm-2013-0281 · 2.23 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Exercise practice and appropriate nutrition have been advanced as non pharmacological supportive care to reduce side effects related to cancer and its treatment, but large sample-sized randomized controlled trials are needed to confirm such results. The Adapted Physical Activity and Diet counseling (APAD) study is a prospective randomized controlled trial designed to evaluate the effectiveness of a 26-week hospital- and home-based lifestyle intervention on cancer-related fatigue in women receiving breast cancer adjuvant treatment (chemotherapy and radiotherapy). The aim of this paper is to describe the APAD study protocol. Study recruitment goal is 264 adult breast cancer women with newly, histologically proven, incident and non metastatic breast cancer scheduled for 6cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy. Patients are randomized either in the experimental arm with tailored exercise training and diet counseling program or in the control arm without any lifestyle intervention (usual care). Outcome measures are collected at baseline, and at 15weeks (i.e., mid-intervention), 26weeks (i.e., immediately post-intervention), and at 12-month and 18-month of follow-up. Intervention effect is assessed on fatigue (emotional, cognitive, physical), quality-of-life, anxiety, depression, body weight and composition. In addition, levels of physical activity, dietary intakes and adjuvant therapy observance are measured and a cost-utility analysis will be performed. If improvements in fatigue, quality-of-life and a better weight control are observed, the APAD study could demonstrate the feasibility and the effectiveness of such exercise and nutrition supportive care with limited additional cost in patients receiving adjuvant breast cancer therapy.Contemporary clinical trials 10/2013; 36(2). DOI:10.1016/j.cct.2013.09.016 · 1.99 Impact Factor
- Topics in Cancer Survivorship, 01/2012; , ISBN: 978-953-307-894-6