Is there a difference in childhood T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia and T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma?
ABSTRACT To distinguish the similarities or differences between T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (T-ALL) and T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL), we retrospectively analyzed the clinical, immunophenotypic, cytogenetic, and molecular characteristics in 37 children diagnosed between December 1990 and December 2003. Comparative Expressed Sequence Hybridisation (CESH) was used to determine gene expressing profile in both diseases. Twenty two patients suffered from T-ALL and 15 patients were diagnosed as T-LBL. Immunophenotyping demonstrated a more immature phenotype in T-ALL and a more mature phenotype in T-LBL. Cytogenetic and molecular genetic aberrations were found in 82% of T-ALL compared with 73% of T-LBL. By CESH gene expression profiling, the investigated cases were segregated into two groups that largely corresponded with T-ALL and T-LBL. The clinical presentation and cytogenetic characteristics are largely similar for T-ALL and T-LBL supporting the concept that both represent a spectrum of one single disease. The differences that were found between both neoplasms, in particular in their phenotype and in their expression profile may suggest that most T-ALL derive from a T-cell progenitor of the bone marrow, while thymocytes represent the normal counterpart of T-LBL.
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ABSTRACT: Primary involvement of the larynx in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) is rare. Early symptoms are non-specific and thus, it is difficult to diagnose. In the present study, the case of a 52 year-old male with hoarseness due to diffuse T-cell lymphoma as the first manifestation of precursor T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia is presented. Subsequent to treatment with three cycles of the etoposide and cytosine arabinoside (EA) and one cycle of the EA+L-asp chemotherapy regimens, the patient achieved complete remission. A series of consolidation therapy courses were performed subsequently. At present, the patient remains disease-free, indicating that the treatment was effective. Primary involvement of the larynx in NHL is rare. Symptoms in the early stage are subtle and non-specific and thus, diagnosis is difficult to establish. This type of tumor requires special diagnostic and therapeutic attention.Oncology letters 02/2015; 9(2):691-694. DOI:10.3892/ol.2014.2800 · 0.99 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Non-Hodgkin lymphomas of childhood represent a diverse group of neoplasms with different clinical, pathological, immunophenotypical and genetic features. A vast majority of childhood non-Hodgkin lymphomas could be classified into one of the three major histological subgroups: mature B-cell neoplasms, lymphoblastic lymphomas or anaplastic large cell lymphomas. Modern therapeutic strategies lead to cure in more than 80% of patients. Conversely, refractory diseases, as well as disease relapse convey a dismal prognosis. This fact requires much better stratification based on prognostic markers which would ideally recognize distinct groups of patients requiring different therapeutic regimens. Defining novel diagnostic and prognostic markers should improve diagnosis and prognosis as well as patient follow-up. It should also allow introduction of individually tailored treatment regimens in selected groups of patients with non-Hodgkin lymphomas, with the main goal of improving treatment results and decreasing short- and long-term complications.Srpski arhiv za celokupno lekarstvo 07/2014; 142(7-8):498-504. DOI:10.2298/SARH1408498D · 0.17 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Pediatric non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHLs) are a heterogeneous group of malignancies with distinct clinical, pathological, immunological and genetic characteristics. More than 90% of pediatric NHLs belong to one of three major histological subtypes: mature B-cell neoplasms, lymphoblastic lymphomas and anaplastic large-cell lymphomas. The recognition that different subtypes require different treatment regimens resulted in therapeutic strategies leading to over 80% of patients being cured. On the other hand, patients with resistant or relapsed disease have a poor prognosis. Prognostic biomarkers have not yet been identified for all pediatric NHLs and, although some are very important for diagnosis and prognosis, others may be of questionable value. Discovery of new biomarkers suitable for clinical application may aid the diagnosis and classification of lymphomas, which should, in turn, lead to better patient stratification. Consequent development of new treatment and follow-up approaches should lead to more efficient and less toxic treatment in children with NHL.Biomarkers in Medicine 10/2013; 7(5):791-801. DOI:10.2217/bmm.13.84 · 3.22 Impact Factor