High-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cell transplantation for relapsed or refractory Hodgkin lymphoma: prognostic features and outcomes.

Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA.
Leukemia and Lymphoma (Impact Factor: 2.61). 09/2007; 48(9):1728-35. DOI: 10.1080/10428190701534374
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Between January 1990 and April 2001, 115 patients received high-dose chemotherapy (HDT) followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) for relapsed or refractory Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). With a median follow-up of 58 months (range, 1 - 175 months), 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 46% and 58%, respectively. Twelve patients with primary refractory disease had a 5-year PFS of 41% and OS of 58%, not significantly different from those of the remaining cohort. Early and overall regimen related mortality were 7% and 16%, respectively. Male gender (P = 0.04) and a time to relapse (TTR) < 12 months (P = 0.03) were associated with decreased OS by univariate analysis. In multivariate analysis, TTR < 12 months remained statistically significant (P = 0.04). We have confirmed that HDT and ASCT result in long-term survival for a proportion of patients with relapsed or refractory HL. All patients, including those with primary refractory disease, benefited from HDT and ASCT.

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    ABSTRACT: Purpose. to evaluate the outcome of patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma who underwent autologous transplantation at KHCC bone marrow transplant program. Patients and Methods. Over 6 years, 63 patients with relapsed or refractory Hodgkin's lymphoma underwent high dose chemotherapy followed by autologous transplant. There were 25.4% patients in complete remission (CR), 71.4% with chemotherapy responsive disease at the time of transplant. Prior to conditioning regimen, 56% received two chemotherapy lines, and, 44% received more than two lines. Results. The main outcomes of the study are the rate of complete remission at day 100, overall survival (OS), relapse-free survival (RFS), The impact of the following variables on OS and RFS: (a) disease status at the time of transplant, (b) number of chemotherapy lines prior to conditioning, (c) age group, (d) time of relapse < or >12 months were investigated. The CR at day 100 was 57%. The median overall survival for the whole group was 40.6 months; the median RFS was 20 months. The only factor which significantly impacts the study outcomes was the number of chemotherapy lines prior to conditioning on OS in favor of patients received two lines. Conclusion. In our study only the number of chemotherapy lines received before conditioning had statistically significant impact on OS.
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we investigated the quality of life (QoL) of long-term survivors with Hodgkin lymphoma who received high-dose chemotherapy (HDCT) followed by peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT). QoL of this group was compared with QoL of patients who were treated with conventional chemotherapy and with QoL of the healthy German population. Two standardized questionnaires, the EORTC QLQ-C30 and the EQ-5D, including the visual analogue scale (VAS) were applied. A total of 98 patients were included in the study, all of them treated in our institution. Thirty-seven patients who received HDCT with PBSCT between 1986 and 2007 were compared with 61 patients treated with conventional chemotherapy and supplementary radiation between 1998 and 2009. The median follow-up for the HDCT group was 11 years. Statistical analysis with the one-sample t-test shows a reduced QoL of both groups of patients compared to the healthy population. Compared to the group of patients who received conventional chemotherapy, there is a tendency towards reduced QoL in patients with HDCT in all of the three main categories of the EORTC-QLQ-C30. However, these differences were not statistically significant, with the exception of the subcategory of dyspnoea, which was worse in the group that was treated with BCNU containing high-dose protocols. We conclude that the negative impact of both HDCT and conventional therapy on the QoL of long-term survivors with Hodgkin lymphoma should not be underestimated and should lead to the development of less toxic therapy strategies.
    Leukemia & lymphoma 11/2010; 51(11):2012-20. · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with Hodgkin lymphoma are usually cured by primary therapy using chemotherapy alone or combined modality therapy with external beam radiation. Patients who do not experience a complete remission or those who experience relapse may by salvaged by high-dose therapy and autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (ASCT). Success of this approach is largely dependent on the tumor being sensitive to salvage chemotherapy before transplant. More studies are showing the predictive value of functional imaging in this setting. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation has greater risk of nonrelapse mortality and is generally reserved for patients who experience relapse post-ASCT, but may provide long-term survival for some patients through graft-versus-tumor immune effects.
    Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN 09/2011; 9(9):1060-71. · 5.11 Impact Factor