High-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cell transplantation for relapsed or refractory Hodgkin lymphoma: prognostic features and outcomes.

Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA.
Leukemia and Lymphoma (Impact Factor: 2.61). 09/2007; 48(9):1728-35. DOI: 10.1080/10428190701534374
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Between January 1990 and April 2001, 115 patients received high-dose chemotherapy (HDT) followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) for relapsed or refractory Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). With a median follow-up of 58 months (range, 1 - 175 months), 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 46% and 58%, respectively. Twelve patients with primary refractory disease had a 5-year PFS of 41% and OS of 58%, not significantly different from those of the remaining cohort. Early and overall regimen related mortality were 7% and 16%, respectively. Male gender (P = 0.04) and a time to relapse (TTR) < 12 months (P = 0.03) were associated with decreased OS by univariate analysis. In multivariate analysis, TTR < 12 months remained statistically significant (P = 0.04). We have confirmed that HDT and ASCT result in long-term survival for a proportion of patients with relapsed or refractory HL. All patients, including those with primary refractory disease, benefited from HDT and ASCT.

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    ABSTRACT: Purpose. to evaluate the outcome of patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma who underwent autologous transplantation at KHCC bone marrow transplant program. Patients and Methods. Over 6 years, 63 patients with relapsed or refractory Hodgkin's lymphoma underwent high dose chemotherapy followed by autologous transplant. There were 25.4% patients in complete remission (CR), 71.4% with chemotherapy responsive disease at the time of transplant. Prior to conditioning regimen, 56% received two chemotherapy lines, and, 44% received more than two lines. Results. The main outcomes of the study are the rate of complete remission at day 100, overall survival (OS), relapse-free survival (RFS), The impact of the following variables on OS and RFS: (a) disease status at the time of transplant, (b) number of chemotherapy lines prior to conditioning, (c) age group, (d) time of relapse < or >12 months were investigated. The CR at day 100 was 57%. The median overall survival for the whole group was 40.6 months; the median RFS was 20 months. The only factor which significantly impacts the study outcomes was the number of chemotherapy lines prior to conditioning on OS in favor of patients received two lines. Conclusion. In our study only the number of chemotherapy lines received before conditioning had statistically significant impact on OS.
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    ABSTRACT: Many patients with Hodgkin lymphoma are cured with initial therapy, although a portion of patients will experience primary induction failure or disease relapse. Pathologic confirmation of refractory or relapsed Hodgkin lymphoma is important. Following two to four cycles of non-cross-resistant salvage chemotherapy, the standard of care is high-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), which is associated with long-term event-free survival rates of 45-68%. Of note, survival rates for studies integrating total lymphoid irradiation into the autologous HSCT-conditioning regimen are among the highest reported for relapsed/refractory Hodgkin lymphoma. Further treatment options are available for patients not fit to proceed to HSCT, for relapsed disease after autologous HSCT, and for 'high-risk' Hodgkin lymphoma including chemotherapy-resistant disease. Allogeneic HSCT is a valid treatment option, as a graft-vs.-Hodgkin-lymphoma effect has been demonstrated. In addition, novel targeted treatments are being investigated such as receptor-specific antibodies, radiolabeled antibodies, antiapoptotic agents including inhibitors of the nuclear factor-kappaB complex or X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis proteins, transcription pathway modulators such as histone deacetylase and mTOR inhibitors, and Epstein-Barr virus-directed therapy. Continued translational and collaborative prospective clinical research efforts are needed in order to continue to increase the survival rates for Hodgkin lymphoma and to lessen the toxicities associated with lymphoma-related therapy.
    Current Treatment Options in Oncology 11/2007; 8(5):352-74. · 2.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with Hodgkin lymphoma are usually cured by primary therapy using chemotherapy alone or combined modality therapy with external beam radiation. Patients who do not experience a complete remission or those who experience relapse may by salvaged by high-dose therapy and autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (ASCT). Success of this approach is largely dependent on the tumor being sensitive to salvage chemotherapy before transplant. More studies are showing the predictive value of functional imaging in this setting. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation has greater risk of nonrelapse mortality and is generally reserved for patients who experience relapse post-ASCT, but may provide long-term survival for some patients through graft-versus-tumor immune effects.
    Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN 09/2011; 9(9):1060-71. · 5.11 Impact Factor