[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Enhanced rates of programmed cell death (apoptosis) have been detected in T cells and B cells from human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected individuals. To evaluate the possible relevance of this event to HIV pathogenesis and disease progression, apoptosis in CD4+ T lymphocytes and CD19+ B lymphocytes, viral load, and neutralizing antibody titers were assayed in HIV-1-infected slow progressors and progressors. A correlation was found between progressive disease and apoptosis of CD4+ T cells. The extent of apoptosis in CD4+ cells was similar in slow progressors and seronegative control subjects. By contrast, we found elevated levels of B-cell apoptosis in all HIV-1-infected individuals compared with seronegative control subjects, with a tendency toward increased levels of apoptosis with progressive disease. Apoptosis in CD4+ T cells and CD19+ B cells correlated with viral RNA levels in plasma. Furthermore, higher rates of B-cell apoptosis were observed in individuals with poor neutralizing activity against a panel of six clinical HIV-1 isolates. From these results we conclude that the extent of apoptosis in cultured CD4+ cells and CD19+ cells appears to parallel the decline in CD4 cell counts in infected individuals. The finding of a relation between apoptosis in B cells and poor neutralizing capacity suggests that apoptosis may be related to loss of immune function. A role for apoptosis in the pathogenesis of AIDS is also supported by the strong correlation between viral load and rates of apoptosis in CD4+ T cells.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The chemokine receptor CCR5 is an important co-receptor for cell fusion. A 32-bp deletion of the CCR5 gene, leading to complete absence of functional CCR5 expression, has been associated with resistance to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in homozygotes and slower HIV disease progression in heterozygotes. The objectives of this study were to assess the effects of this 32-bp deletion on transmission of HIV infection and on HIV disease progression in haemophilic individuals. Six HIV-negative patients from our centre, known to have been exposed to infectious factor VIII concentrates, have been analysed. Three of these patients possess the CCR5 32-bp deletion, two patients being homozygous. The presence of the CCR5 32-bp gene deletion has also been analysed in 71 HIV-positive patients. In this group of patients, there was a lower than expected incidence of the 32-bp deletion. Those who possess the 32-bp deletion progress to AIDS more slowly than those who do not (P = 0.05, log-rank test). Rates of CD4 loss were slower in those heterozygous for the gene deletion. We confirm that heterozygosity for the 32-bp gene deletion in CCR5 is partially protective against initial infection with HIV. In those heterozygous patients who became infected with HIV, disease progression was slower.
British Journal of Haematology 11/2000; 111(1):136-42. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2141.2000.02325.x · 4.71 Impact Factor
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