Penicidones A-C, three cytotoxic alkaloidal metabolites of an endophytic Penicillium sp.
ABSTRACT Along with the known secondary metabolites lumichrome, physcion, and emodin-1,6-dimethyl ether, three alkaloids named penicidones A-C (1-3) were isolated from the culture of Penicillium sp. IFB-E022, an endophytic fungal strain residing in the stem of Quercus variabilis (Fagaceae). The structures of penicidones A-C were established by a correlative interpretation of spectroscopic data including IR, UV and HR-ESI-MS, as well as by analysis of a set of 1D and 2D NMR experiments. The stereochemistry of compounds 1 and 2 was obtained by comparison of the optical rotation with those of vermistatin and its analogues. Penicidones A-C were the first group of natural products possessing a penicidone framework. Compounds 1-3 exhibited moderate cytotoxicity against four cancer cell lines.
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ABSTRACT: Studies on production of secondary metabolites by fungi have received a substantial boost lately, particularly with reference to applications of their biological properties in human medicine. Funicones represent a series of related compounds for which there is accumulating evidence supporting their possible use as pharmaceuticals. This paper provides a review on the current status of knowledge on these fungal extrolites, with special reference to aspects concerning their molecular structures and biological activities.International Journal of Molecular Sciences 05/2009; 10(4):1430-44. · 2.60 Impact Factor