Safety and efficacy of nesiritide in pediatric heart failure.

Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, Texas 77030, USA.
Journal of cardiac failure (Impact Factor: 3.07). 09/2007; 13(7):541-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.cardfail.2007.04.005
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We hypothesized that recombinant B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) (nesiritide) could improve urine output and neurohormonal markers of heart failure without worsening renal function in pediatric patients.
We analyzed our experience involving 140 nesiritide infusions in 63 consecutive children. Serum levels of BNP and electrolytes were measured before and after therapy. Dosing was begun at 0.01 without a bolus and titrated to a maximum of 0.03, in increments. Blood pressure, heart rate, and heart rhythm were monitored. In a substudy, 20 patients with decompensated cardiomyopathy-related heart failure received 72 hours of nesiritide with prospective assessment of aldosterone, norepinephrine, plasma renin, and endothelin-1 levels before and after therapy. The heart rate decreased significantly (P = .001). Urine output increased significantly on Days 1 and 3 (P < or = .001 and .004, respectively). The mean serum creatinine level decreased from 1.135 to 1.007 mg/dL (P < or = .001). In the substudy, aldosterone levels decreased from 37.5 +/- 57.1 to 20.5 +/- 41.9 ng/dL (P = .005). Plasma renin, norepinephrine, and endothelin-1 levels decreased nonsignificantly. Two infusions were discontinued because of hypotension.
Nesiritide safely treated decompensated heart failure in children. Increased urine output reflected improving renal function. Improved neurohormonal markers were seen after 72 hours of therapy, and complications were uncommon.

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