Renal lesions in IgG4-related systemic disease.
ABSTRACT Recently, a new concept of IgG4-related systemic disease including autoimmune pancreatitis, characterized by a high serum IgG4 level and tissue infiltration by IgG4-positive plasma cells, has been proposed. Our aim was to investigate the renal involvement in this condition.
We investigated the results of laboratory and imaging studies of the kidneys in 7 patients with IgG4-related systemic disease, and examined the renal histology in four of them. All patients showed elevated serum IgG4 levels, and 4 had autoimmune pancreatitis. The other three patients showed involvement of various extrapancreatic organs (lymphadenopathy, sialadenitis or renal insufficiency), and abundant IgG4-positive plasma cell infiltration was confirmed in their affected tissues.
Six of the 7 patients showed some renal abnormalities. In one patient, hydronephrosis was observed accompanied by retroperitoneal fibrosis. Another patient showed multiple low-density areas in both kidneys by computed tomography, and gallium citrate scintigraphy showed gallium-67 accumulation in both kidneys, although renal function was normal. Four patients had tubulointerstitial nephritis. In two of them, the tubulointerstitial nephritis was diffuse. In one patient, marked diffuse but patchily distributed lymphoplasmacytic infiltration of the renal interstitium was observed. In another patient, computed tomography showed a tumor-like low-density mass; open biopsy of the mass showed aggregates of lymphocytes and plasma cells in the renal interstitium.
Renal parenchymal lesions in IgG4-related systemic disease are due to dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltration of the renal interstitium, and the lesions vary from diffuse tubulointerstitial nephritis to tumor-like masses according to the distribution patterns of the infiltrating cells.
- SourceAvailable from: Hiroyuki Yamashita[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Objectives This study aimed to evaluate the utility of imaging techniques, including 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT), in immunoglobulin (IgG)4-related disease (IgG4-RD). Methods We reviewed eight IgG4-RD patients who were referred to our hospital between August 2006 and April 2012. All cases underwent FDG-PET/CT and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and endobronchial ultrasonography (EBUS) were also performed in five cases and one case, respectively. Results Although nearly all patients with IgG4-RD in this study were negative for CRP (mean 0.22 mg/dL), various organ involvement sites were detected by FDG-PET/CT. In the active phase in two autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) cases, FDG-PET/CT showed longitudinal and heterogeneous FDG accumulation in the pancreas with FDG uptake in the hilar or mediastinal lymph nodes. Follow-up FDG-PET/CT after therapy in one case revealed that the abnormal FDG uptake in all affected lesions had completely disappeared. In two cases, brain MRI revealed asymptomatic hypertrophic pachymeningitis. In one case, EBUS imaging of mediastinal lymph node swelling was consistent with tortuous vessels with high Doppler signals and hyperechoic strands between lymph nodes. Conclusions When FDG-PET/CT shows FDG accumulation, characteristic of IgG4-RD in organs, without evidence of an associated inflammatory reaction, a diagnosis of IgG4-RD can be made. Treatment effects can be assessed by the disappearance of FDG uptake. A routine brain MRI is useful for detecting asymptomatic hypertrophic pachymeningitis. EBUS may also be useful for differentiating among the etiologies of lymphadenopathy with characteristic sonographic imaging findings.Joint, bone, spine: revue du rhumatisme 07/2014; 81(4). DOI:10.1016/j.jbspin.2014.01.010 · 3.22 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is a rare form of chronic pancreatitis that is characterized by lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate, storiform fibrosis, obliterative phlebitis, and increased IgG4(+) plasma cells. Serum IgG4 levels usually are elevated. Patients with AIP frequently have disease affecting other organs or sites; these tissues show similar histologic changes, including increased IgG4(+) plasma cell infiltrate and response to corticosteroid therapy. A new clinicopathologic concept of IgG4-related systemic disease (ISD) has been proposed. These diseases often are not limited to the pancreas, and the pancreas may not be involved at all. In this article, we review the literature and our own experience to detail the clinicopathologic features of AIP and extrapancreatic lesions in ISD.International journal of clinical and experimental pathology 01/2010; 3(5):491-504. · 1.78 Impact Factor
Article: IgG4-related sclerosing disease[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Based on histological and immunohistochemical examination of various organs of patients with autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP), a novel clinicopathological entity of IgG4-related sclerosing disease has been proposed. This is a systemic disease that is characterized by extensive IgG4-positive plasma cells and T-lymphocyte infiltration of various organs. Clinical manifestations are apparent in the pancreas, bile duct, gallbladder, salivary gland, retroperitoneum, kidney, lung, and prostate, in which tissue fibrosis with obliterative phlebitis is pathologically induced. AIP is not simply pancreatitis but, in fact, is a pancreatic disease indicative of IgG4-related sclerosing diseases. This disease includes AIP, sclerosing cholangitis, cholecystitis, sialadenitis, retroperitoneal fibrosis, tubulointerstitial nephritis, interstitial pneumonia, prostatitis, inflammatory pseudotumor and lymphadenopathy, all IgG4-related. Most IgG4-related sclerosing diseases have been found to be associated with AIP, but also those without pancreatic involvement have been reported. In some cases, only one or two organs are clinically involved, while in others, three or four organs are affected. The disease occurs predominantly in older men and responds well to steroid therapy. Serum IgG4 levels and immunostaining with anti-IgG4 antibody are useful in making the diagnosis. Since malignant tumors are frequently suspected on initial presentation, IgG4-related sclerosing disease should be considered in the differential diagnosis to avoid unnecessary surgery.Internal Medicine 02/2006; 45(3):125-6. DOI:10.3748/wjg.14.3948 · 0.97 Impact Factor