N-glycosylthioureido aglyco-ristocetins without platelet aggregation activity.

Department of Pharmaceutial Chemistry, University of Debrecen.
The Journal of Antibiotics (Impact Factor: 2.19). 09/2007; 60(8):529-33. DOI: 10.1038/ja.2007.68
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The water-soluble N-methoxy-PEG-yl-, N-beta-D-glucopyranosyl- and N-beta-D-maltosylthioureido aglyco-ristocetin were prepared which, in contrast to ristocetin A, did not induce thrombocyte aggregation. The antibacterial activity of N-beta-D-maltosylthioureido aglyco-ristocetin A against MRSA was comparable to that of ristocetin A, while its activity against Enterococcus faecalis (VRE, TSE) is somewhat stronger when compared to those of vancomycin and ristocetin A.

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    ABSTRACT: We report on a new anti-influenza virus agent, SA-19, a lipophilic glycopeptide derivative consisting of aglycoristocetin coupled to a phenylbenzyl-substituted cyclobutenedione. In Madin-Darby canine kidney cells infected with influenza A/H1N1, A/H3N2, or B virus, SA-19 displayed a 50% antivirally effective concentration of 0.60 μM and a selectivity index (ratio of cytotoxic versus antiviral concentration) of 112. SA-19 was 11-fold more potent than unsubstituted aglycoristocetin and was active in human and nonhuman cell lines. Virus yield at 72 h p.i. was reduced by 3.6 logs at 0.8 μM SA-19. In contrast to amantadine and oseltamivir, SA-19 did not select for resistance upon prolonged virus exposure. SA-19 was shown to inhibit an early postbinding step in virus replication. The compound had no effect on hemagglutinin (HA)-mediated membrane fusion in an HA-polykaryon assay and did not inhibit the low-pH-induced refolding of the HA in a tryptic digestion assay. However, a marked inhibitory effect on the transduction exerted by retroviral pseudoparticles carrying an HA or vesicular stomatitis virus glycoprotein (VSV-G) fusion protein was noted, suggesting that SA-19 targets a cellular factor with a role in influenza virus and VSV entry. Using confocal microscopy with antinucleoprotein staining, SA-19 was proven to completely prevent the influenza virus nuclear entry. This virus arrest was characterized by the formation of cytoplasmic aggregates. SA-19 appeared to disturb the endocytic uptake and trap the influenza virus in vesicles distinct from early, late, or recycling endosomes. The aglycoristocetin derivative SA-19 represents a new class of potent and broad-acting influenza virus inhibitors with potential clinical relevance.
    Journal of Virology 06/2012; 86(17):9416-31. · 5.08 Impact Factor


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