The efficacy of mitral valve surgery in children with dilated cardiomyopathy and severe mitral regurgitation
ABSTRACT Severe mitral regurgitation predicts poor outcomes in adults with left ventricular dysfunction. Frequently, adult patients now undergo initial mitral valve surgery instead of heart transplant. Pediatric data are limited. This study evaluates the efficacy of mitral valve surgery for severe mitral regurgitation in children with dilated cardiomyopathy. This is a single-institution experience in seven children (range, 0.5-10.9 years) with severe mitral regurgitation and dilated cardiomyopathy who underwent mitral valve surgery between January 1988 and February 2005, with follow-up to January 2006. Children with dilated cardiomyopathy had a depressed fractional shortening preoperatively (24.4% +/- 6.1%) that remained depressed (22.9% +/- 7.6%) 1.3 +/- 1.2 years after surgery (p = 0.50). Left ventricular end-diastolic (6.5 +/- 1.5 to 4.8 +/- 1.8 z-scores, p < 0.01) and end-systolic (6.8 +/- 1.5 to 5.5 +/- 2.1 z-scores, p < 0.05) dimensions improved. Hospitalization frequency had a median decrease of 6.0 hospitalizations per year (p < 0.02). Three patients were transplanted 0.2, 2.4, and 3.5 years after surgery. There was no perioperative mortality. Mitral valve surgery in children with dilated cardiomyopathy was performed safely and improved symptoms, stabilizing ventricular dysfunction in most patients. Mitral valve surgery should be considered prior to heart transplant in children with dilated cardiomyopathy and severe mitral regurgitation.
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ABSTRACT: Here we report on the implementation of a new portable electronic nose instrument, inspired by the human olfactory system. Our ‘Portable e-Mucosa’ (PeM) utilizes three large sensor arrays consisting of 200 chemoresistive sensors per array, combined with two columns coated with differently retentive layers. This combination provides spatio-temporal information, mimicking the biological ‘nasal chromatograph’ effect. These have been integrated with control electronics, a pre-concentrator, temperature control and a sample delivery system to produce a fully functional electronic nose (e-nose) instrument. Data from this device, when used with a pattern recognition method that utilizes temporal information and the large data set, we believe improves the discrimination power of this instrument over conventional e-noses.09/2009; 1(1):991-994. DOI:10.1016/j.proche.2009.07.247
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ABSTRACT: We report a child with myocardial necrosis, dilated cardiomyopathy, and severe mitral valve (MV) regurgitation following neonatal enteroviral myocarditis. He underwent MV annuloplasty at 18 months and MV replacement at 3 years of age. He remains asymptomatic on medical therapy at 8 years of age. Mitral valve surgery may stabilize the evolution of dilated cardiomyopathy and delay the ultimate need for heart transplant.Congenital Heart Disease 02/2012; 7(5):E39-65. DOI:10.1111/j.1747-0803.2011.00626.x · 1.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The fields of pediatric cardiology and congenital heart disease have experienced considerable progress in the last few years, with advances in new diagnostic and therapeutic techniques that can be applied at all stages of life from the fetus to the adult. This article reviews scientific publications in a number of areas that appeared between August 2007 and September 2008. In developed countries, congenital heart disease is becoming increasingly prevalent in nonpediatric patients, including pregnant women. Actions aimed at preventing coronary heart disease must be started early in infancy and should involve the promotion of a healthy diet and lifestyle. Recent developments in echocardiography include the introduction of three-dimensional echocardiography and of new techniques such as two-dimensional speckle tracking imaging, which can be used for both anatomical and functional investigations in patients with complex heart disease, including a univentricular heart. Progress has also occurred in fetal cardiology, with new data on prognosis and prognostic factors and developments in intrauterine interventions, though indications for these interventions have still to be established. Heart transplantation has become a routine procedure, supplemented in some cases by circulatory support devices. In catheter interventions, new devices have become available for the closure of atrial or ventricular septal defects and patent ductus arteriosus as well as for percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation. Surgery is also advancing, in some cases with hybrid techniques, particularly for the treatment of hypoplastic left heart syndrome. The article ends with a review of publications on cardiomyopathy, myocarditis and the treatment of bacterial endocarditis.Revista Espa de Cardiologia 01/2009; 9(1):39-52. DOI:10.1016/S1131-3587(09)71771-6 · 3.34 Impact Factor