An international mixed methods study of resilience of 14 sites in eleven countries identified seven tensions that youth resolve in culturally specific ways. Resolution of these tensions is foundational to experiences of resilience. This paper reports on the qualitative findings from interviews with 89 youth. Results support a culturally embedded understanding of positive youth development that better accounts for young people's resilience in western and non-western countries. Specifically, the seven tensions identified include: access to material resources, relationships, identity, cohesion, power and control, social justice, and cultural adherence. Findings show that no one pattern in the resolution of these tensions predicts resilience better than another. A case study of a Palestinian boy demonstrates the intersection of the seven tensions and the uniqueness of their resolution. The implications of this work for interventions is discussed.
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"There were also varying opinions regarding the importance of culture. Uncertainty regarding the role of culture may reflect the literature to date, in which the cultural context in which resilience develops is an emerging development (Ungar et al., 2007). "
"Qualitative data collection, concurrent with the development of the CYRM, provided further validation of the construct of resilience in each research site. In total 89 interviews were conducted with youth (Ungar et al., 2007 ) . Seven themes, or tensions, in the data emerged that were associated with resilience across all research sites: access to material resources, cultural adherence, identity, power and control, relationships, social justice, and social cohesion (including religious af fi liation). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this chapter, we build on three propositions regarding the concept of resilience. First, we understand resilience to refer to coping under stress, and therefore a description of populations who do well when facing adversity. The term is not the same as the processes that contribute to positive development across an entire population, nor the everyday qualities that promote well-being. In fact research shows that the mechanisms that are protective under stress operate differently depending on the amount of adversity individuals and their families or communities experience (Rutter, 2009; Ungar, 2011). An external asset such as a mentor is going to account for far more of the change in a child’s development trajectory if the child has been exposed to severe and persistent neglect (Gilligan, 1999; Larson, 2006), just as an internal asset like persistence is more advantageous to a child whose schools are inadequately funded, or if she is excluded because of cultural norms regarding gender and education (Shin, Daly, & Vera, 2007).
Resilience in Children, Adolescents and Adults: Translating research into practice, 1st edited by Sandra Prince-Embury, Donald H. Saklofske, 01/2015: chapter A Measure of Resilience with Contextual Sensitivity—The CYRM-28: Exploring the Tension Between Homogeneity and Heterogeneity in Resilience Theory and Research: pages 245-255; Springer., ISBN: 978-1-4614-4939-3
"They privilege the voices of majorityworld young people. In doing so, they illustrate that universally reported resilience mechanisms (Ungar et al., 2007) do account for the positive adjustment of Black SA young people but in ways that mirror these young people's women-dominated, disadvantaged context and its traditional African culture. They flag that resilience processes demand robust social ecological support that includes championship of youth-enabling social change. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Extant theories of resilience, or the process of adjusting well to adversity, privilege the voices of minority-world young people. Consequently, the resilience of marginalized, majority-world youth is imperfectly understood, and majority-world social ecologies struggle to facilitate resilience in ways that respect the insights of majority-world youth and their cultural and contextual positioning. Accordingly, this article makes audible, as it were, the voices of 181 rural, Black, South African adolescents with the purpose of explicating which resilience-supporting processes characterize their positive adjustment to disadvantaged life-worlds, and how contextual and cultural realities shape such processes. Deductive and inductive analyses of a narrative and visual data set, generated in the qualitative phase of an explanatory mixed-methods study, revealed that universally occurring resilience-supporting mechanisms inform positive adjustment. Importantly, which mechanisms these youth prioritized, and the form these mechanisms take, are shaped by contextual realities of absent men and commonplace suffering, and a cultural reality of strong women, human and spiritual care, and valorization of education. Attention to these adolescents’ voices not only prompts specific, culturally and contextually relevant leverage points for resilience but also reinforces the importance of attending to young people’s preferred pathways of resilience in order to understand and champion resilience in socially just ways.
Journal of Adolescent Research 01/2015; DOI:10.1177/0743558415600072 · 0.87 Impact Factor