gamma-Secretase is differentially modulated by alterations of homocysteine cycle in neuroblastoma and glioblastoma cells.

Department of Surgery P. Valdoni, University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome, Italy.
Journal of Alzheimer's disease: JAD (Impact Factor: 3.61). 07/2007; 11(3):275-90.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Multiple aspects of homocysteine metabolism were studied to understand the mechanism responsible for hyperhomocysteinemia toxicity in Alzheimer disease. Besides oxidative stress and vascular damage, homocysteine has also a great importance in regulating DNA methylation through S-adenosylmethionine, the main methyl donor in eukaryotes. Alterations of S-adenosylmethionine and methylation were evidenced in Alzheimer disease and in elderly. In order to clarify whether DNA methylation can provide the basis for amyloid-beta overproduction, we used human SK-N-BE neuroblastoma and A172 glioblastoma cell lines. We tested the effects of folate, B12 and B6 deprivation and S-adenosylmethionine addition on methylation metabolism. Our results indicate that homocysteine accumulation induced through vitamin B deprivation could impair the "Methylation Potential" with consequent presenilin 1, BACE and amyloid-beta upregulation. Moreover, we found that homocysteine alterations had an effect on neuroblastoma but not on glioblastoma cells; this suggests a possible differential role of the two cell types in Alzheimer disease.

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