Erythrocyte CD38 as a prognostic marker in cancer.
ABSTRACT Surface antigen CD38 which is a multifunctional protein with enzymatic and receptorial properties is involved in many processes of cell proliferation and activation. It is widely expressed within the hematopoetic system, and its expression is stimulated by proinflammatory cytokines. CD38-associated enzymatic activities in erythrocytes from cancer patients were investigated in this context.
Erythrocyte NAD glycohydrolase and ADP-ribosyl cyclase activities in normal individuals and cancer patients were compared and correlation of these activities to CEA values and anemia were determined. Changes in CD38-expression were followed by SDS-PAGE and Western blot analysis of erythrocyte membrane proteins.
Erythrocyte NAD glycohydrolase and ADP-ribosyl cyclase activities were significantly increased in cancer, in parallel to enhancement of CD38 expression and in correlation with CEA values and anemia.
An increased expression of CD38 which may be due to action of proinflammatory cytokines produced in tumor-host reactions appears to account for the elevations in erythrocyte CD38-associated enzyme activities in cancer patients. The changes in these enzyme activities may provide a prognostic outlook in view of their apparently close correlation to tumor progressions.
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ABSTRACT: Erythrocyte and lymphocyte NAD(+) glycohydrolase levels were previously found to be elevated in cancer patients. These results were confirmed in an animal model. The administration of live Ehrlich ascites tumor cells to BALB/c mice led to increases in erythrocyte and lymphocyte NAD(+) glycohydrolase, along with tumor development. Serum samples, ascites fluid from mice with developed tumors, serum samples from cancer patients and Ehrlich cell supernatants had a similar stimulatory effect when administered to mice or when incubated with peripheric lymphocytes in culture. These increases were accompanied by the appearance of an anti-CD38 reactive band of 45 kDa in SDS-PAGE/Western blot analyses of erythrocyte ghost and lymphocyte membrane proteins. The results, supported by flow cytometry data, support previous clinical findings that an enhancement in CD38 expression occurs in the hematopoietic system during proliferative processes. Moreover, they suggest that CD38 expression is triggered at least in part by a certain cytokine(s) secreted by cancer cells. Finally, the results emphasize the prospective use of CD38 expression as a marker of tumor development and progression.Oncology letters 07/2011; 2(4):659-664. · 0.24 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate changes in primitive hematopoietic cells through CD38 expression, identify the stage at which erythrocyte differentiation CD38 gains activity and the effects of serum factors on this expression by establishing a hematopoietic stem cell system in the erythroid development process. Using an immunomagnetic labeling and separation technique, CD34(+) cells were selected from cord blood. The CD34(+) cells were cultured in a 2 mM L-glutamine-enriched medium containing erythropoietin (Epo), penicillin-streptomycin and stem cell factor (SCF), and were incubated in 5% CO(2) at 37°C. In erythroid development pathways following CD38 expression, primitive/progenitor human hematopoietic cells obtained from cord blood were assessed through the erythroid development process in a serum-free medium in the presence of proper SCF and Epo. At the end of the 26-day process, using staining with a Megacult-c staining kit, it was determined that progenitor cells nucleate and differentiate into erythroid cell lines of 8-10 μm. During the course of this process, we analyzed increases over time in NAD glycohydrolase activity rates using the supernatant liquid samples. Results of co-culture experiments in cell culture studies showed that the stimulating effects of CD38 expression originate from specific serum factors. CD38 expression has been shown to occur at hematopoietic cell sources as well as at a number of differentiation levels. In the proliferation process the possible induction of CD38 through specific serum factors leads us to conclude that it may be involved in proliferation with a physiological task or that it may be involved in an event, such as an apoptotic process.Oncology letters 01/2012; 3(1):55-60. · 0.24 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In the present study, NAD(+) glycohydrolase was purified from serum samples collected from healthy individuals using ammonium sulfate fractionation, Affi-Gel blue (Cibacron Blue F3GA) affinity chromatography, Sephadex G-100 column chromatography and isoelectric focusing. The final step was followed by a second Sephadex G-100 column chromatography assay in order to remove the ampholytes from the isoelectric focusing step. In terms of enhancement of specific activity, the NAD(+) glycohydrolase protein was purified ∼480-fold, with a yield of 1% compared with the initial serum fraction. The purified fraction appeared to be homogeneous, with a molecular weight of 39 kDa, as revealed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) analysis, and also corresponded to the soluble (monomeric) form of surface antigen CD38.Oncology letters 07/2013; 6(1):227-231. · 0.24 Impact Factor