Sudden infant death syndrome and maternal depression.
ABSTRACT To investigate whether there is an association between sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and perinatal depression.
A case-control study design was used. Cases included women registered in a British primary care database with a live birth (1987-2000) and a subsequent SIDS death. Controls were women with a live birth born in the same year as the matched SIDS death, with infant survival for the first year of life.
One hundred sixty-nine linked mother-infant cases of SIDS were matched with 662 mother-infant controls. The authors found that SIDS was independently associated with maternal depression in the year before birth (odds ratio [OR] = 4.93, 95% CI = 1.10 to 22.05), smoking (OR = 2.50, 95% CI = 1.29 to 4.88), and male sex (OR = 1.94, 95% CI = 1.04 to 3.64). There was weak evidence of an independent association of SIDS with depression in the 6 months after birth, before the index SIDS death (OR = 1.80, 95% CI = 0.71 to 4.56).
This study provides further evidence for an association between SIDS and perinatal depression, particularly antenatal depression. Health care professionals should ensure that women with perinatal depression are appropriately treated and are provided with clear advice on infant care practices that may prevent SIDS.
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ABSTRACT: Data about adherence of antidepressants during pregnancy are lacking. However, it is important to gain insight into adherence in this population to reduce perinatal risks for relapse of depression. The objective of this study was to search for an inexpensive and easy method to implement daily for assessing medication adherence during pregnancy. An observational study was conducted to measure adherence by comparing pill count, Beliefs about Medicine questionnaire (BMQ) and blood level monitoring against the standard, the Medication Event Monitoring System (MEMS). We used a logistic regression model to determine potential predictors for poor adherence (age, marital class, highest level of education, monthly net income, employment, smoking, alcohol use and type of antidepressant). From January 2010 until January 2012, 41 women were included within the first trimester of pregnancy; data could be evaluated in 29 women. Using MEMS, 86% of the women took in more than 80% of all prescribed doses on time and could be classified as adherent. Pill counts showed good agreement with MEMS. We did not find predictors for poor adherence in our study population. Adherence of antidepressants during pregnancy using MEMS is 86%. There was a good agreement between MEMS and pill counts. This method may serve as a good alternative that can be easily implemented into daily practice.Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology 04/2014; 4(2):61-9. DOI:10.1177/2045125313511486 · 1.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The lifetime prevalence of domestic violence in women is 20-25%. There is increasing recognition of the increased vulnerability of psychiatric populations to domestic violence. We therefore aimed to review studies on the prevalence of, and the evidence for the effectiveness of interventions in, psychiatric patients experiencing domestic violence. Literature search using Medline, PsycINFO and EMBASE applying the following inclusion criteria: English-language papers, data provided on the prevalence of or interventions for domestic violence, adults in contact with mental health services. Reported lifetime prevalence of severe domestic violence among psychiatric in-patients ranged from 30% to 60%. Lower rates are reported for men when prevalence is reported by gender. No controlled studies were identified. Low rates of detection of domestic violence occur in routine clinical practice and there is some evidence that, when routine enquiry is introduced into services, detection rates improve, but identification of domestic violence is rarely used in treatment planning. There is a lack of evidence on the effectiveness of routine enquiry in terms of morbidity and mortality, and there have been no studies investigating specific domestic violence interventions for psychiatric patients. There is a high prevalence of domestic violence in psychiatric populations but the extent of the increased risk in psychiatric patients compared with other populations is not clear because of the limitations of the methodology used in the studies identified. There is also very limited evidence on how to address domestic violence with respect to the identification and provision of evidence-based interventions in mental health services.Psychological Medicine 11/2009; 40(6):881-93. DOI:10.1017/S0033291709991589 · 5.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study examined the association between smoking practices and maternal personality disorder in a sample of 200 mothers of 2-month-old babies. Maternal personality disorder was robustly associated with allowing smoking in the home and also exposing the baby to tobacco smoke. The findings suggest that mothers with personality disorders might particularly benefit from targeting with education and advice about reducing their baby's exposure to environmental tobacco smoke in the postpartum period.Archives of Women s Mental Health 02/2010; 13(5):439-42. DOI:10.1007/s00737-010-0145-7 · 1.96 Impact Factor