Health-related quality of life after radical cystectomy for bladder cancer in elderly patients with an ileal conduit, ureterocutaneostomy, or orthotopic urinary reservoir: a comparative questionnaire survey.

Department of Urology, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama 700-8558, Japan.
Acta medica Okayama (Impact Factor: 0.65). 09/2007; 61(4):199-203.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To compare the health-related quality of life of elderly patients after radical cystectomy for bladder cancer in urinary diversion groups: ileal conduit, ureterocutaneostomy, or orthotopic urinary reservoir. The 109 participating elderly patients aged 75 or older completed self-reporting questionnaires: the QLQ-C30, and on satisfaction with urinary diversion methods. Fifty-six patients had undergone constructions for ileal conduit diversion, 31 for ureterocutaneostomy, and 22 for orthotopic urinary reservoir (OUR). The median follow-up period for each group was 4.0 years (range 0.3-11.2), 4.5 years (range 0.3-18.0), and 3.3 years (range 0.3-6.7), respectively. Regardless of the type of urinary diversion, the majority of patients reported having good overall quality of life, although with some problem of pain. No significant differences among urinary diversion subgroups were found in any quality of life area in the QLQ-C30 questionnaire. More patients in the OUR sub-group felt disappointment than those in the ileal conduit or cutaneostomy sub-groups. However, a questionnaire which asked which diversion method would be preferable showed a trend that more patients in the OUR subgroup would have chosen the same one. Health-related quality of life appeared relatively good in these 3 groups. Patient demands and expectations may be so different from the results that the details of each urinary diversion method should be explained thoroughly. OUR construction could be a candidate even for elderly patients.

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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Women undergoing radical cystectomy (RC) and urinary diversion for bladder cancer experience substantial limitations in health-related quality of life (HRQOL). However, the level of discomfort caused by different urinary diversion has been never evaluated in long term survivors. The aim of this multicenter study is to evaluate differences in HRQOL among recurrence-free women undergoing cutaneousureterostomy (CUS), Bricker's ileal conduit (BK-IC) and Orthotopic neobladder VIP (ONB-VIP) in disease-free females treated with radical cystectomy (RC), with long-term follow up (mean 60.1 months; range 36-122 months).Materials and methods: All consecutively treated female patients from two urological institutions who underwent RC and urinary diversion from January 2000 to December 2008, with no evidence of tumor recurrence at a minimum follow up of 36 months, were included. Patients received the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) generic (QLQ-C30) and bladder cancer-specific instruments (QLQ-BLM30) and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy for Bladder Cancer (FACT-BL). Clinical data and questionnaire results were analyzed in order to evaluate the HRQOL differences among diversion groups. RESULTS: We identified 37 females (median age: 68, range 45--82 years), including 12 status-post CUS, 16 who underwent BK-IC, and 9 who underwent ONB-VIP. Most were healthy (24/37 with no comorbidities, 4/37 Charlson 1-2, 9/37 Charlson 3 or greater -- we didn't considered bladder cancer in Charlson evaluation because bladder cancer was the main inclusion criteria). Women undergoing CUS endorsed worse FACT-BL scores compared with BK-IC and ONB-VIP patients HRQOL regarding physical and emotional well-being (p=0.008 and p=0.02, respectively), and a trend toward worse EORTC QLQ-C30 scores for appetite loss and fatigue (p=0.05 for both). CONCLUSIONS: In our study long-term disease-free females treated with CUS endorsed worse HRQOL compared with women who underwent BK-IC or ONB-VIP, mostly due to worse physical and emotional perception of their body image.
    Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 03/2013; 11(1):43. · 2.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) with totally intracorporeal neobladder diversion is a complex procedure that has been reported with good outcomes in small series. OBJECTIVE: To present complications and oncologic and functional outcomes of this procedure. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Between 2003 and 2012 in a tertiary referral center, 70 patients were operated on by two experienced robotic surgeons. Data were collected prospectively and reviewed retrospectively. INTERVENTION: RARC with totally intracorporeal modified Studer ileal neobladder formation. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: The overall outcome of RARC with a totally intracorporeal neobladder was presented by assessing (1) surgical margins, (2) recurrence or cancer-specific death at 24 mo, (3) 30-d and 90-d complications graded according to the modified Clavien-Dindo system, (4) daytime and nighttime continence (no or one pad per day) at 6 and 12 mo, and (5) satisfactory sexual activity or potency at 6 mo and 12 mo. Survival rates were estimated by Kaplan-Meier plots. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: Median follow-up of the cohort was 30.3 mo (interquartile range: 12.7-35.6). We recorded negative margins in 69 of 70 patients (98.6%). Clavien 3-5 complications occurred in 22 of 70 patients (31.4%) at 30 d and 13 of 70 (18.6%) at >30 d. At 90 d, the overall complication rate was 58.5%. Clavien <3 and Clavien ≥3 complications were recorded in 15 of 70 patients (21.4%) and 26 of 70 (37.1%), respectively. Kaplan-Meier estimates for recurrence-free, cancer-specific, and overall survival at 24 mo were 80.7%, 88.9%, and 88.9%, respectively. Daytime continence and satisfactory sexual function or potency at 12 mo ranged between 70% and 90% in both men and women. Limitations of this study include its retrospective design, selection bias due to the learning curve phase, and missing data. CONCLUSIONS: In this expert center for RARC, outcomes after RARC with totally intracorporeal neobladder diversion appear satisfactory and in line with contemporary open series.
    European Urology 06/2013; · 10.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Radical cystectomy and urinary diversion is regarded as the gold standard treatment for muscle-invasive bladder cancer without detectable hematogenous or lymphogenous metastases.([1,2]) This traumatic event is associated with significant changes in urinary and sexual function, interpersonal relationships, and psychosocial stress which ultimately impact patient's perceived quality of life.([3]) In the past decade, there has been an increasing focus on quality of life outcomes in urological malignancies. This has been aided by the development of new health related quality of life (HRQOL) instruments for use specifically in urology. HRQOL is a patient centered outcome which can be defined as a patient's evaluation of the impact of a health condition and its treatment on relevant aspects of life. ([4]) There are quality of life differences between various diversions after radical cystectomy. However, few studies have documented superiority of orthotopic neobladder as compared to other forms of diversion but the current literature has many limitations and systemic reviews do not conclusively document the superiority of one form of diversion over the other in terms of quality of life (QoL).([3,5,6]) In the present study, we tried to find out the perceived quality of life difference after radical cystectomy with ileal conduit versus orthotopic neobladder in a prospective longitudinal fashion.
    BJU International 09/2013; · 3.05 Impact Factor

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