Suicide ideation is a sensitive indicator of personal well-being. While ideation occurs in roughly 3 percent of the US population annually, in this study rates are 10 times higher. This article explores the role of social capital in mediating negative life circumstances on ideation for a sample of 161 homeless adults in a mid-sized Southern US metropolitan area. Our results imply that social capital does not function the same way for homeless persons as it does for the general population. This finding supports growing evidence that social capital's much touted benefits for personal well-being may not apply to disadvantaged populations.
"Another study shows that the higher the social capital of a community, the more its individuals can benefit from health interventions (Kennelly et al. 2003). Social capital has been said to be associated with variables other than health, such as crime, suicide, cigarette smoking, substance abuse, educational achievements, organizations' efficacy, and society's capacity for accepting interventions, economic prosperity, and sustained development (Leyden 2003, Fitzpatrick et al. 2007; Folland 2008; Galea et al. 2002; Lundborg 2005; Saegert and Winke 2004). Social capital has been widely discussed and measured in different countries in recent years. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to determine the various dimensions of social capital in Tehran and its association with socioeconomic variables. Two thousand, four hundred and eighty-four persons participated in the study through multi-stage stratified sampling in Tehran. The study questions were extracted from the World Bank integrated questionnaire. While respondents obtained over 50 % of the attainable scores in the ‘trust’, ‘cooperation’, ‘social cohesion’, and ‘political action’ dimensions, they obtained only 18.9 % of the attainable scores in the ‘networks’ dimension. The respondents in age groups older than 45 had higher trust scores than respondents in the 18–25 age group. Men had higher ‘network’ and ‘social cohesion’ scores than women (p ≤ 0.001). Respondents in the poorest wealth quintile had lower ‘networks’ and ‘social cohesion’ scores than the richest group and ‘political action’ scores higher than the richest group (p = 0.038). The lowest score in ‘Tehranians’ social capital was in the groups and networks dimension. Therefore designing effective interventions for such activities, particularly in women’s groups, is a priority.
Social Indicators Research 01/2012; 113(3). DOI:10.1007/s11205-012-0132-7 · 1.40 Impact Factor
"Mental illness alone may afflict 30% to 40%. Although the prevalence of serious mental illness is still disputed, homeless people's life circumstances are associated with elevated levels of depression and suicidal ideation (Bao et al. 2000, Fitzpatrick et al. 2007). Mental health disorders are significantly more common among the homeless than among the public at large, even after taking the possible overdiagnosis of some disorders into account. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The new homelessness has drawn sustained attention from scholars over the past three decades. Definitional inconsistencies and data limitations rendered early work during this period largely speculative in nature. Thanks to conceptual, theoretical, and methodological progress, however, the research literature now provides a fuller understanding of homelessness. Contributions by sociologists and other social scientists since the mid-1990s differentiate among types of homelessness, provide credible demographic estimates, and show how being homeless affects a person's life chances and coping strategies. Agreement also exists about the main macro- and micro-level causes of homelessness. Active lines of inquiry examine public, media, and governmental responses to the problem as well as homeless people's efforts to mobilize on their own behalf. Despite the obstacles faced when studying a stigmatized population marked by high turnover and weak anchors to place, recent investigations have significantly influenced homelessness policy. A greater emphasis on prevention should further strengthen the research-policy nexus.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Electroplating is a vital component of MCM-technology because it
is the most cost effective method available for deposition of thick
copper interconnects. A vital issue in the use of electroplated copper
is the uniformity of the deposit. Thickness uniformity of 5% is
desirable but often difficult to obtain. A rotating disk electroplating
process that consistently achieves the required uniformity has been
developed. It is an extremely robust system, capable of reproducing the
required uniformity in spite of great variations in electroplating
conditions. The parameters that have been studied include uneven
rotation rate, wobble, and fluctuating current. Studies have also been
done on the effect that rotation speed has on both uniformity and
Multichip Modules, 1997., 6th International Conference on; 05/1997
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