A 60-y-old chylomicronemia patient homozygous for missense mutation (G188E) in the lipoprotein lipase gene showed no accelerated atherosclerosis.
ABSTRACT Familial lipoprotein lipase (LPL) deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the LPL gene. Patients with LPL deficiency have chylomicronemia; however, whether they develop accelerated atherosclerosis remains unclear.
We investigated clinical and mutational characteristics of a 60-y-old Japanese patient with chylomicronemia.
The patient's fasting plasma triglyceride levels were >9.0 mmol/l. In postheparin plasma, one fifth of the normal LPL protein mass was present; however, LPL activity was undetectable. Molecular analysis of the LPL gene showed the patient to be a homozygote of missense mutation replacing glycine with glutamine at codon 188 (G188E), which had been known to produce mutant LPL protein lacking lipolytic activity. Ultrasonographic examination of the patient's carotid and femoral arteries showed no accelerated atherosclerosis. Moreover, 64-slice mechanical multidetector-row computer tomography (MDCT) angiography did not detect any accelerated atherosclerotic lesions in the patient's coronary arteries. The patient had none of the risk factors such as smoking, hypertension, and diabetes.
Our case suggests that accelerated atherosclerosis may not develop in patients with LPL deficiency, when they have no risk factors.
- Pancreas 04/2009; 38(2):233-5. · 2.95 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Significant knowledge regarding different molecules involved in the transport of dietary fat into the circulation has been garnered. Studies point to the possibility that accumulation of intestine-derived lipoproteins in the plasma could contribute to atherosclerosis. This article provides a brief overview of dietary lipid metabolism and studies in mice supporting the hypothesis that intestinal lipoproteins contribute to atherosclerosis. Deficiencies in lipoprotein lipase and Gpihbp1, and overexpression of heparanse in mice, are associated with increases in atherosclerosis, suggesting that defects in catabolism of larger lipoproteins in the plasma contribute to atherosclerosis. Furthermore, inositol-requiring enzyme 1β-deficient mice that produce more intestinal lipoproteins also develop more atherosclerosis. Thus, increases in plasma intestinal lipoproteins due to either overproduction or reduced catabolism result in augmented atherosclerosis. Intestinal lipoproteins tend to adhere strongly to subendothelial proteoglycans, elicit an inflammatory response by endothelial cells and activate macrophages, contributing to the initiation and progression of the disease. Thus, molecules that reduce intestinal lipid absorption can be useful in lowering atherosclerosis.Clinical Lipidology 08/2013; 8(4). · 0.86 Impact Factor