The association of a tobacco-specific biomarker and cigarette consumption and its dependence on host characteristics

Biostatistics Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, 6120 Executive Boulevard, Rockville, MD 20852, USA.
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention (Impact Factor: 4.32). 10/2007; 16(9):1852-7. DOI: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-07-0018
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The tobacco-specific nitrosamine 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) is a potent carcinogen, which can be characterized by urinary concentrations of the metabolite 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-butanol (NNAL) and its glucuronide. Using baseline data in current smokers from four clinical trials, we examine the associations of urinary cotinine with CPD and of total NNAL with cotinine and the modification of these associations by several host factors. There was a linear relationship between ln(cotinine) and ln(CPD) within categories of the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence and of age. The increasing trend was significantly smaller for subjects with high and very high nicotine addiction and for older subjects and larger in females than males. The regression of ln(total NNAL/cotinine) on ln(cotinine) declined linearly, suggesting reduced NNK uptake per unit cotinine with increasing cotinine. The decline in trend was greater in subjects with increased CPD, with greater nicotine addiction, and at older ages and was smaller in females, although gender differences were small. Variations in the ratio with host characteristics were generally similar to a recent epidemiologic analysis of effect modification of the association between lung cancer and cigarette smoking.

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    British Journal of Cancer 02/2013; 108(5). DOI:10.1038/bjc.2013.76 · 4.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ADVERTIMENT. La consulta d'aquesta tesi queda condicionada a l'acceptació de les següents condicions d'ús: La difusió d'aquesta tesi per mitjà del servei TDX ( ha estat autoritzada pels titulars dels drets de propietat intel·lectual únicament per a usos privats emmarcats en activitats d'investigació i docència. No s'autoritza la seva reproducció amb finalitats de lucre ni la seva difusió i posada a disposició des d'un lloc aliè al servei TDX. No s'autoritza la presentació del seu contingut en una finestra o marc aliè a TDX (framing). Aquesta reserva de drets afecta tant al resum de presentació de la tesi com als seus continguts. En la utilització o cita de parts de la tesi és obligat indicar el nom de la persona autora. ADVERTENCIA. La consulta de esta tesis queda condicionada a la aceptación de las siguientes condiciones de uso: La difusión de esta tesis por medio del servicio TDR ( ha sido autorizada por los titulares de los derechos de propiedad intelectual únicamente para usos privados enmarcados en actividades de investigación y docencia. No se autoriza su reproducción con finalidades de lucro ni su difusión y puesta a disposición desde un sitio ajeno al servicio TDR. No se autoriza la presentación de su contenido en una ventana o marco ajeno a TDR (framing). Esta reserva de derechos afecta tanto al resumen de presentación de la tesis como a sus contenidos. En la utilización o cita de partes de la tesis es obligado indicar el nombre de la persona autora. WARNING. On having consulted this thesis you're accepting the following use conditions: Spreading this thesis by the TDX ( service has been authorized by the titular of the intellectual property rights only for private uses placed in investigation and teaching activities. Reproduction with lucrative aims is not authorized neither its spreading and availability from a site foreign to the TDX service. Introducing its content in a window or frame foreign to the TDX service is not authorized (framing). This rights affect to the presentation summary of the thesis as well as to its contents. In the using or citation of parts of the thesis it's obliged to indicate the name of the author.
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    ABSTRACT: Cigarette smoking and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) are important risk factors for many cancers. However, exposure doses have usually not been quantitatively assessed in human studies. In humans 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol and its glucuronate conjugate (defined as total NNAL) are the major metabolites of 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone, a cigarette-specific carcinogen. Although animal studies have shown that exposure to cigarette smoke increases tissue oxidative DNA damage, the relationship between cigarette smoke and 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) is not consistent in human studies. In the present study, we have developed a simple, sensitive, and robust LC-MS/MS method for quantifying total NNAL and 8-OHdG concentrations in human plasma. We quantified total NNAL and 8-OHdG in plasma as well as 8-OHdG in urine of 121 healthy male subjects. Total NNAL levels were significantly higher in ever-smokers than in never-smokers. Furthermore, total NNAL levels in plasma were increased with numbers of cigarettes smoked per day in ever-smokers. It suggests that total NNAL in plasma is a good biomarker for cigarette smoke exposure. After stratifying by smoking status and adjusting for age, ETS exposure and occupation category, total NNAL was associated with plasma and urinary 8-OHdG in never-smokers, but not in ever-smokers. Since total NNAL levels in nonsmokers represented the ETS exposure, it appears that 8-OHdG levels are dose-dependently correlated with their ETS exposure dose. Furthermore, this correlation supports the hypothesis that oxidative DNA damage is one of major adverse effects induced by ETS exposure in humans.
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