Analysis of human papillomavirus and Epstein-Barr virus infection and aberrant death-associated protein kinase methylation in high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions.
ABSTRACT This study was conducted to investigate the presence of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and human papillomavirus (HPV) and the promoter methylation status of the death-associated protein kinase (DAPK) gene in high-grade intraepithelial lesions. Viral infection was analyzed using polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and promoter methylation status was evaluated using chemical modification by sodium bisulfite followed by PCR. A total of 24 samples were studied. HPV was detected in 16.6%, EBV in 16.6%, and HPV/EBV coinfection in 16.6%. No virus infection was detected in 50% of the samples studied. DAPK promoter methylation was observed in 29.2% of the analyzed samples. There was no significant correlation between DAPK methylation and viral infection. DAPK methylation was detected in 28% of HPV-positive lesions, in 28% of HPV- and EBV-positive lesions, and in 44% (3/7) of the samples without viral infection. There was no observed methylation in samples with isolated EBV infection. In DAPK unmethylated samples, HPV infection was found in 12%, EBV infection in 23%, HPV/EBV coinfection in 12%, and an absence of HPV and EBV infection in 53%. The promoter methylation of the DAPK gene is an important event during carcinogenesis and may have potential clinical application as a marker for the progression and prognosis of cancer.
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ABSTRACT: Cervical carcinogenesis is a complex problem with papillomavirus widely accepted as a causative agent. Integration of a human papillomavirus (HPV) of the high-risk type into the host cell genome is one of the major contributing factors to cervical malignant transformation. In this study, the correlation of CMV, EBV, HSV-1, HSV-2, HHV-6 and HHV-7 infections with the physical status of the HPV genome in cervical cancer and precancerous cervical lesions was investigated in sixty HPV-16-positive women. Cervical secretion samples were submitted to DNA extraction and analyzed by PCR. HPV-16 DNA was confirmed in genotyping with the reverse hybridization line probe assay. Multiplex PCR with specific primers for the E2/E6 genes was used to assess the viral integration status of HPV-16. Our results show that CMV DNA was more frequently present in samples with mixed forms of HPV-16 than in the episomal form (P < 0.025). Such a correlation was also observed in the case of EBV (P < 0.005). The presence of CMV resulted in a six-fold (OR 6.069; 95% CI 1.91-19.22; P = 0.002), while EBV caused a seven-fold (OR 7.11; 95% CI 1.70-29.67; P = 0.007) increase in the risk of the integrated or mixed HPV-16 genome occurrence. Our data suggest that coinfection with herpesviruses, especially CMV and EBV, may be involved in the integration of the HPV-16 genome and may contribute to the development of cervical cancer.Acta biochimica Polonica 06/2009; 56(2):337-42. · 1.19 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to discuss our investigation of the hypermethylation of promoter regions of tumor suppressor genes, such as death-associated protein kinase (DAPK) and p16, in vulvar lichen sclerosus (LS), in comparison with a control group. Promoter hypermethylation of DAPK and p16 was investigated using 24 vulvar biopsies of patients with LS who had received no previous treatment. The control group was composed of 15 patients with no vulvar disease. The DNA of subjects was treated with sodium bisulphate, and the genes under study were subjected to methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction. The resulting polymerase chain reaction products were amplified and analyzed using a 10% polyacrylamide gel. The mean age of the patients with LS was 57 years (the majority were postmenopausal). In the control group, the mean age of the patients was 50 years (p = .151). Methylation of the promoter region of DAPK was found in 4 (17%) of the 23 patients analyzed, and p16 promoter region methylation was found in 8 patients (35%). Two cases of methylation of the DAPK gene were also found to be methylated for the p16 gene. In the control group, no methylation was found in the patients analyzed for the DAPK gene and methylation was found in 3 (21%) of the 14 patients analyzed for the p16 gene (p = .190 and p = .316, respectively). Methylation of the DAPK and p16 genes, although not sufficient to dictate prognosis of the disease, should not be underestimated because it may form part of a process of genetic and epigenetic alterations that in the future could become relevant to malignant transformation.Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease 04/2012; 16(2):133-9. · 1.21 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This article aimed to investigate the hypermethylation of promoter regions of tumor suppressor genes, such as death-associated protein kinase (DAPK) and p16, in vulvar lichen sclerosus (LS). The promoter hypermethylation of DAPK and p16 was investigated from 15 vulvar biopsies of patients with LS who had had no previous treatment. DNA was treated with sodium bisulfate and underwent methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction of these genes. The amplified polymerase chain reaction products were analyzed by 10% polyacrylamide gel. The mean age of the patients was 57 years (most were postmenopausal). Methylation of the promoter region of DAPK was found in 2 (13%) of 15 patients analyzed, and p16 promoter region methylation was found in 7 patients (47%). The samples that showed DAPK methylation also showed p16 methylation. Methylation of DAPK and p16 represent alterations that might occur in cell cycle control in LS. The hypothesis is that patients who had methylated genes in this study, mainly the 2 cases in which there has been methylation in both studied genes, may be more susceptible to the development of differentiated vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia or vulvar cancer. Methylation may play a role in progress of vulvar carcinogenesis.Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease 10/2010; 14(4):282-6. · 1.21 Impact Factor