Flavonoid and Hydroxycinnamate Profiles of English Apple Ciders
ABSTRACT Seventeen phenolic compounds in 23 English apple ciders were identified and quantified by HPLC-PDA-MS (2). The total phenolic content of the ciders varied greatly ranging from 44 to 1559 mg/L. Four groups of compounds were identified, flavan-3-ols, hydroxycinnamates, flavonols, and dihydrochalcones. Hydroxycinnamates were the predominant group of phenolics in the majority of the ciders. Procyanidins were analyzed by HPLC after thiolysis, and total procyanidin content ranged from 8 to 722 mg/L and an average degree of polymerization of 2.5-3.5. This investigation of a wide range of ciders has shown a substantial variation in the profile and quantity of the phenolics. The analysis of single variety ciders highlighted the importance of using an apple cultivar with a high phenolic content to produce a phenolic-rich cider. Adaptations to the cider-making process could be used to increase the phenolic content with potential health benefits.
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to characterise, in depth, 11 quince cultivars to provide data for their industrial processing into high-quality juices. Polyphenolic composition analyses (identification and quantification), soluble fraction of procyanidins, antioxidant capacity assays and cluster analysis were measured. A total of 19 kinds of polyphenolic compounds were the following in the juices: before and after 6 month of storage time at 4 and 30 °C. Large variations in polyphenolic compounds content were found as affected by quince cultivar. The total phenolics determined by UPLC ranged from 4045 mg to 721 mg/100 mL of juices, and was high correlated with antioxidant activity. During 6 months of storage a significant change was observed in the content of polyphenols, especially in procyanidins (37% and 55%, respectively). This result may be useful for the juice industry as a starting point for the development of tasty quince juices with high levels of bioactive compounds.Food Chemistry 06/2014; 152:261–270. DOI:10.1016/j.foodchem.2013.11.124 · 3.26 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The effect of fruit size (<26 mm, 26-28 mm, >28 mm) and fruit colour (Ctifl 4 and Ctifl 6) of ‘Kordia’ sweet cherry on composition of nutritive (sugars, organic acids) and bioactive (phenolics) compounds, on content of vitamin C, total phenolic content (TPC) and total antioxidant activity (TAA) was evaluated. The compositional data analysis was used for comparing relative contents of chemical compounds. The differences in average composition were examined on the basis of multivariate analysis of variance and further analysis of variance for each isometric log-ratio transformed variable. Five compounds have been identified for the first time: dicaffeoylquinic acid ([M−H]− at m/z 515), procyanidin trimer ([M−H]− at m/z 865), quercetin-3-(2G-glucosyl-rutinoside) ([M−H]− at m/z 771), quercetin-3-galactoside ([M−H]− at m/z 463) and kaempferol-3-glucoside ([M−H]− at m/z 447). In the composition of sweet cherry ‘Kordia’ fruit bioactive compounds represented from 0.6% to 0.8%. The fruit colour modifies the chemical composition of phytochemicals more than fruit size; the two variables were correlated. More coloured fruit were larger, with better pomological traits and changed composition of nutritive compounds and phenolics.Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 03/2015; 38:121-130. DOI:10.1016/j.jfca.2014.10.007 · 2.26 Impact Factor
Article: Sustainable Cider Apple Production