[Naphthoquinones and their pharmacological properties].
ABSTRACT Naphthoquinones are wide-spread phenolic compounds in nature. They are products of bacterial and fungal as well as high-plants secondary metabolism. Juglone, lawsone, and plumbagin are the most widespread compounds. Naphthoquinones display very significant pharmacological properties--they are cytotoxic, they have significant antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, insecticidal, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic properties. Pharmacological effects to cardiovascular and reproductive systems have been demonstrated too. The mechanism of their effect is highly large and complex--they bind to DNA and inhibit the processes of replication, interact with numerous proteins (enzymes) and disturb cell and mitochondrial membranes, interfere with electrons of the respiratory chain on mitochondrial membranes. Plants with naphthoquinone content are widely used in China and the countries of South America, where they are applied to malignant and parasitic diseases treatment.
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ABSTRACT: We can conserve cultural heritage and gain extensive knowledge of plant species with pharmacological potential to cure simple to life-threatening diseases by studying the use of plants in indigenous communities. Therefore, it is important to conduct ethnobotanical studies in indigenous communities and to validate the reported uses of plants by comparing ethnobotanical studies with phytochemical and pharmacological studies.Materials and methods: This study was conducted in a Tamang community dwelling in the Makawanpur district of central Nepal. We used semi-structured and structured questionnaires during interviews to collect information. We compared use reports with available phytochemical and pharmacological studies for validation. A total of 161 plant species belonging to 86 families and 144 genera to cure 89 human ailments were documented. Although 68 plant species were cited as medicinal in previous studies, 55 different uses described by the Tamang people were not found in any of the compared studies. Traditional uses for 60 plant species were consistent with pharmacological and phytochemical studies. The Tamang people in Makawanpur are rich in ethnopharmacological understanding. The present study highlights important medicinal plant species by validating their traditional uses. Different plant species can improve local economies through proper harvesting, adequate management and development of modern techniques to maximize their use.Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 01/2014; 10(1):5. · 2.42 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Abstract Nature has been the best source of medicines for a long time. Many plant extracts have been used as drugs. Juglone occurs in all parts of the Juglandaceae family and is found extensively in the black walnut plants. It possesses antifungal, antimalarial, antibacterial and antiviral properties besides exhibiting cytotoxic effects. Juglone has gained interest by the researchers for its anticancer properties. This article elucidates the antiviral activity of the Juglone by the computational method.Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research 05/2014; · 1.63 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A series of lawsone derivatives are synthesized. The structures of the synthesized compounds are analyzed by FT-IR, Mass, Elemental analysis, (1)H, (13)C, HSQC, HMBC and theoretical studies.Spectrochimica Acta Part A Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 05/2014; 133C:1-6. · 1.98 Impact Factor