Asymmetric dimethylarginine is increased in chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension.
ABSTRACT Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), a potent endogenous nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor, is increased in idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension and associated with unfavorable outcome.
Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH), although principally amenable to surgical removal of major pulmonary arterial obstructions by pulmonary endarterectomy, may show a small-vessel pulmonary arteriopathy similar to idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension. We hypothesized that ADMA plasma levels are increased in patients with CTEPH.
We measured ADMA by high-performance liquid chromatography at the time of diagnosis in 135 patients with CTEPH. Inoperability in 66 patients was based on an imbalance between severity of pulmonary hypertension and morphologic lesions.
ADMA plasma levels were significantly elevated in patients, compared with 40 matched control subjects (0.62 [0.51-0.73] vs. 0.51 [0.45-0.6] micromol/L, P = 0.0002). At baseline, ADMA plasma concentrations correlated with mixed venous saturation (r = -0.25, P = 0.005), right atrial pressure (r = 0.35, P < 0.0001), and cardiac index (r = -0.21, P = 0.01). Patients who underwent surgery demonstrated lower ADMA levels at baseline than inoperable patients (0.60 [0.5-0.68] vs. 0.63 [0.53-0.85] micromol/L, P = 0.02), with a further decrease 12 +/- 1 months after pulmonary endarterectomy (P = 0.02). Endothelial NOS expression in endothelial cells was low in patients with elevated ADMA plasma levels. Survival of patients with ADMA plasma levels >/= 0.64 micromol/L was worse than in patients with ADMA plasma levels < 0.64 micromol/L.
ADMA plasma levels correlate with the severity of pulmonary vascular disease and predict outcome in patients with CTEPH. Measurement of ADMA plasma levels may be useful for estimating the degree of small-vessel arteriopathy in CTEPH.
- SourceAvailable from: revespcardiol.orgRevista Espa de Cardiologia 03/2009; 62(2):120-5. · 3.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Therapeutic approaches in pediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) are based primarily on clinician experience, in contrast to the evidence-based approach in adults with pulmonary hypertension. There is a clear and present need for non-invasive and objective biomarkers to guide the accurate diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of this disease in children. The multifaceted spectrum of disease, clinical presentation, and association with other diseases makes this a formidable challenge. However, as more progress is being made in the understanding and management of adult PAH, the potential to apply this knowledge to children has never been greater. This review explores the state of the art with regard to non-invasive biomarkers in PAH, with an eye toward those adult PAH biomarkers potentially suitable for application in pediatric PAH.Frontiers in Pediatrics 01/2014; 2:7.
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ABSTRACT: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a common complication of chronic respiratory diseases and particularly of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and interstitial lung diseases (ILD). Owing to its frequency COPD is by far the most common cause of PH. It is generally a mild to moderate PH, pulmonary artery mean pressure (PAP) usually ranging between 20 and 25 mm Hg, but PH may worsen during exercise, sleep, and particularly during exacerbations of the disease. These acute increases in PAP may lead to the development of right heart failure. A small proportion of COPD patients may present "disproportionate" PH defined by a resting PAP >35 to 40 mm Hg. The prognosis is particularly poor in these patients. PH is relatively frequent in advanced ILD and particularly in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. As in COPD the diagnosis is suggested by Doppler echocardiography, but the confirmation still requires right heart catheterization. As in COPD, functional (alveolar hypoxia) and morphological factors (vascular remodeling, destruction of the pulmonary parenchyma) explain the elevation of pulmonary vascular resistance that leads to PH. Also as in COPD PH is most often mild to moderate. In ILD the presence of PH predicts a poor prognosis. The treatment of PH relies on long-term oxygen therapy. "New" vasodilator drugs have rarely been used in COPD and ILD patients exhibiting severe PH. In advanced ILD the presence of PH is a supplemental argument for considering lung transplantation.Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 08/2009; 30(4):458-70. · 2.75 Impact Factor