Asymmetric dimethylarginine is increased in chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension.
ABSTRACT Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), a potent endogenous nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor, is increased in idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension and associated with unfavorable outcome.
Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH), although principally amenable to surgical removal of major pulmonary arterial obstructions by pulmonary endarterectomy, may show a small-vessel pulmonary arteriopathy similar to idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension. We hypothesized that ADMA plasma levels are increased in patients with CTEPH.
We measured ADMA by high-performance liquid chromatography at the time of diagnosis in 135 patients with CTEPH. Inoperability in 66 patients was based on an imbalance between severity of pulmonary hypertension and morphologic lesions.
ADMA plasma levels were significantly elevated in patients, compared with 40 matched control subjects (0.62 [0.51-0.73] vs. 0.51 [0.45-0.6] micromol/L, P = 0.0002). At baseline, ADMA plasma concentrations correlated with mixed venous saturation (r = -0.25, P = 0.005), right atrial pressure (r = 0.35, P < 0.0001), and cardiac index (r = -0.21, P = 0.01). Patients who underwent surgery demonstrated lower ADMA levels at baseline than inoperable patients (0.60 [0.5-0.68] vs. 0.63 [0.53-0.85] micromol/L, P = 0.02), with a further decrease 12 +/- 1 months after pulmonary endarterectomy (P = 0.02). Endothelial NOS expression in endothelial cells was low in patients with elevated ADMA plasma levels. Survival of patients with ADMA plasma levels >/= 0.64 micromol/L was worse than in patients with ADMA plasma levels < 0.64 micromol/L.
ADMA plasma levels correlate with the severity of pulmonary vascular disease and predict outcome in patients with CTEPH. Measurement of ADMA plasma levels may be useful for estimating the degree of small-vessel arteriopathy in CTEPH.
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ABSTRACT: This study investigated the clinical value of plasma asymmetrical dimethyl-L-arginine (ADMA) level in the diagnosis, staging, and treatment response in congenital heart disease (CHD) patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). This was a single-center prospective observational study in 80 CHD patients. Plasma ADMA levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Plasma ADMA levels were significantly increased in CHD patients with PAH compared with CHD patients without PAH (P < 0.01) and healthy controls (P < 0.001). In CHD patients with severe PAH, plasma ADMA levels were significantly higher in patients with Eisenmenger's syndrome (ES) than in patients exhibiting low pulmonary vascular resistance (P < 0.001). The plasma ADMA levels significantly correlated with pulmonary arterial pressure (P < 0.001) and pulmonary vascular resistance (P < 0.001) in patients with CHD. Severe PAH was identified by plasma ADMA with a cutoff value of 0.485 μmol/L (P < 0.001) with a specificity of 82.8 % and a sensitivity of 90 %. ES was identified by plasma ADMA with a cutoff value of 0.85 μmol/L (P < 0.05) with a specificity of 85.2 % and a sensitivity of 64.3 %. ADMA levels were significantly decreased after sildenafil therapy for 6 months compared with before therapy levels (0.91 ± 0.22 vs. 0.57 ± 0.30, P < 0.01). Our study suggests that plasma ADMA level may be used as a biomarker for identifying PAH in patients with CHD, assessing pulmonary vascular remodeling, and evaluating the treatment response of CHD patients with PAH to sildenafil.Pediatric Cardiology 03/2015; 36(5). DOI:10.1007/s00246-015-1127-3 · 1.55 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Protein arginine methylation is a novel posttranslational modification that plays a pivotal role in a variety of intracellular events, such as signal transduction, protein-protein interaction and transcriptional regulation, either by the direct regulation of protein function or by metabolic products originating from protein arginine methylation that influence nitric oxide (NO)-dependent processes. A growing body of evidence suggests that both mechanisms are implicated in cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases. This review will present and discuss recent research on PRMTs and the methylation of non-histone proteins and its consequences for the pathogenesis of various lung disorders, including lung cancer, pulmonary fibrosis, pulmonary hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma. This article will also highlight novel directions for possible future investigations to evaluate the functional contribution of arginine methylation in lung homeostasis and disease.International Journal of Molecular Sciences 12/2012; 13(10):12383-400. DOI:10.3390/ijms131012383 · 2.34 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Protein arginine methylation is a novel posttranslational modification regulating a diversity of cellular processes, including protein-protein interaction, signal transduction, or histone function. It has recently been shown to be dysregulated in chronic renal, vascular, and pulmonary diseases, and metabolic products originating from protein arginine methylation have been suggested to serve as biomarkers in cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases. Protein arginine methylation is performed by a class of enzymes called protein arginine methyltransferases (PRMT), which specifically methylate protein-incorporated arginine residues to generate protein-incorporated monomethylarginine (MMA), symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA), or asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA). Upon proteolytic cleavage of arginine-methylated proteins, free intracellular MMA, SDMA, or ADMA is generated, which, upon secretion into the extracellular space (including plasma), directly affects the methylarginine concentration in the plasma. Free methylarginines are cleared from the body by renal excretion or hepatic metabolism. In addition, MMA and ADMA, but not SDMA, can be degraded via a class of intracellular enzymes called dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolases (DDAH). ADMA and MMA are endogenous inhibitors of nitric oxide synthases (NOS) and ADMA has been suggested to serve as a biomarker of endothelial dysfunction in cardiovascular diseases. This view has now been extended to the idea that, in addition to serum ADMA, the amount of free, as well as protein-incorporated, intracellular ADMA influences pulmonary cell function and determines the development of chronic lung diseases, including pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) or pulmonary fibrosis. This review will present and discuss the recent findings of dysregulated arginine methylation in chronic lung disease. We will highlight novel directions for future investigations evaluating the functional contribution of arginine methylation in lung homeostasis and disease with the outlook that modifying PRMT or DDAH activity presents a novel therapeutic option for the treatment of chronic lung disease.BMC Pulmonary Medicine 02/2009; 9:5. DOI:10.1186/1471-2466-9-5 · 2.49 Impact Factor