Evaluation of probable or possible dementia with lewy bodies using 123I-IMP brain perfusion SPECT, 123I-MIBG, and 99mTc-MIBI myocardial SPECT.

Department of Radiology, Fujita Health University, Toyoake, Japan.
Journal of Nuclear Medicine (Impact Factor: 5.77). 11/2007; 48(10):1641-50. DOI: 10.2967/jnumed.107.042143
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We evaluated the diagnostic usefulness of combination studies with a statistical mapping method in N-isopropyl-p-(123)I-iodoamphetamine ((123)I-IMP) brain perfusion SPECT, cardiac sympathetic nerve function by (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine ((123)I-MIBG), and myocardial function by electrocardiographically gated (99m)Tc-sestamibi ((99m)Tc-MIBI) SPECT for patients with probable or possible dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB).
Twelve patients with probable DLB (7 male, 5 female; mean age +/- SD, 72.3 +/- 5.63 y; range, 65-82 y) and 9 patients with possible DLB (3 male, 6 female; mean age +/- SD, 73.1 +/- 9.23 y; range, 59-88 y) were enrolled in this study. (123)I-IMP SPECT images were analyzed with 3-dimensional stereotactic surface projections (3D-SSP) and the severity of ischemia was classified objectively using quantitatively analytic and display software; stereotactic extraction estimation (SEE) methods were compared with a normal database. In addition, we evaluated (123)I-MIBG heart-to-mediastinum (H/M) uptake ratios. Moreover, we performed (99m)Tc-MIBI SPECT to evaluate myocardial perfusion and the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) compared with a normal database.
3D-SSP images of group comparison with healthy control subjects showed significantly decreased perfusion in the parietotemporal, occipital cortex, posterior cingulated, and precuneus regions in the probable DLB group but no significant reduction in the possible DLB group. Mean H/M ratios in the probable DLB group were significantly lower than those of the possible DLB group and the control group, respectively. Ten of 12 patients (83.3%) with probable DLB and 1 of 9 patients (11.1%) with possible DLB showed severe reduction in the bilateral occipital lobe and also a low (123)I-MIBG uptake. One patient (8.3%) with probable DLB and 2 patients (22.2%) with possible DLB showed no bilateral occipital hypoperfusion but showed low (123)I-MIBG uptake. One patient (8.3%) with probable DLB and 6 patients (66.7%) with possible DLB showed no occipital hypoperfusion and normal (123)I-MIBG uptake. (99m)Tc-MIBI gated SPECT did not indicate any wall motion abnormality in any subjects.
These results suggest that combined examination of cerebral blood flow with 3D-SSP and SEE analysis, and cardiac sympathetic nerve function with (123)I-MIBG, would be a useful supporting diagnostic method in patients with DLB-particularly, in possible DLB and when cerebral blood flow does not indicate occipital hypoperfusion.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate onset patterns and initial symptoms in patients with dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and their association with SPECT findings. We studied 29 probable and 12 possible DLB patients. Onset was defined as 'acute' when symptoms (in various combinations) present within a few weeks or 'chronic' when a few symptoms present and progress during a longer period of time. Initial symptoms were dichotomized into 'cognitive' and 'non-cognitive'. We conducted voxel-to-voxel statistical analyses of SPECT, and uptake deviations from age-matched controls were depicted with Z-scores. In acute patients, decreases were more apparent in the bilateral frontal and temporal lobes, whereas chronic patients showed decreases in the bilateral occipital, posterior cingulate and precuneal regions. Differences in the left frontal and left posterior cingulate were significant and those in the left temporal region showed a tendency toward significance. Patients with cognitive symptoms demonstrated more marked decreases in the bilateral temporal, parietal, occipital, cingulate and precuneal regions. Differences in the left parietal area reached significance and the total decreases were larger in patients with cognitive than non-cognitive symptoms, with a trend toward significance. The multiplicity of onset patterns and initial symptoms may possibly be based on pathophysiological diversities in DLB.
    Dementia and geriatric cognitive disorders extra. 01/2011; 1(1):237-48.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study was designed to review the diagnostic performance of myocardial innervation imaging using iodine-123-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy in differential diagnosis between dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and other dementias. A comprehensive computer literature search of studies published through May 2010 regarding MIBG scintigraphy in patients with DLB was performed in PubMed/MEDLINE and Embase databases. Only studies in which MIBG scintigraphy was performed for differential diagnosis between DLB and other dementias were selected. Pooled sensitivity and specificity of MIBG scintigraphy were presented with a 95% confidence interval (CI). The area under the ROC curve was calculated to measure the accuracy of MIBG scintigraphy in differential diagnosis between Lewy body diseases and other dementias. Ultimately, we identified 8 studies comprising a total of 346 patients with dementia (152 patients with DLB and 194 patients with other dementias). The pooled sensitivity of MIBG scintigraphy in detection of DLB was 98% (95% CI, 94-100%); the pooled specificity of MIBG scintigraphy in differential diagnosis between DLB and other dementias was 94% (95% CI, 90-97%). The area under the ROC curve was .99. Myocardial innervation imaging with MIBG scintigraphy demonstrated high pooled sensitivity and specificity in patients with suspected DLB. MIBG scintigraphy is an accurate test for differential diagnosis between DLB and other dementias.
    Journal of neuroimaging: official journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging 11/2010; 22(2):111-7. · 3.36 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The brain uptake ratio (BUR) method for the (99m)Tc-ECD SPECT, a non-invasive measurement method of rCBF, has been used in clinical practice in Japan, because it is simple to use. However, the accuracy of this method is limited, as it has problems in the determination of input function and the regression equation. The purpose of this study is to improve the BUR method by reconstructing the determination process of the input function and regression equation based on measurement of the rCBF by H (2) (15) O PET. The input function was obtained by setting the region of interest on the ascending aorta instead of the aortic arch. The 3DSRT algorithm was used to obtain the anatomically standardized rCBF, and developed a semi-automatic analyzing software using C++ in order to stabilize the repeatability of the improved BUR (IBUR) method. The regression equation for the IBUR method was obtained by the H (2) (15) O PET rCBFs in 15 patients with the arterial blood sampling method. All the measurements in this study were performed with the patient in the resting state. A good correlation was observed between the rCBF values measured by H (2) (15) O PET and the regional BURs measured by the IBUR method (r = 0.86, p < 0.0001). The rCBF values were calculated for only 5 min using a semi-automatic analyzing software. The BUR method was improved by changing the location of the input function from the aortic arch to the ascending aorta based on arterial blood flow dynamics, and reconstructing regression equation based on the rCBF values obtained using H (2) (15) O PET. This finding indicates the potential clinical usefulness of this method.
    Annals of Nuclear Medicine 02/2012; 26(4):351-8. · 1.41 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 29, 2014