Timeline of recurrence after primary and secondary pilonidal sinus surgery.
ABSTRACT This study was designed to evaluate the timeline of recurrence of pilonidal sinus disease after primary vs. multiple surgery. Data of medical military service in Germany were reviewed.
Telephone interview of 205 patients after pilonidal sinus disease surgery after median interval of 14.8 (standard deviation +/-3.9) years was conducted. A total of 345 patient charts with pilonidal sinus disease recurrence and fully documented previous surgery history were analyzed.
Pilonidal sinus disease recurred in 41 of 205 patients (20 percent; actuarial survival 22 percent) after first surgery. Median recurrence-free-interval was 1.8 (range, 0.1-16.5) years. Twenty-nine of 41 of all recurrences (71 percent) were observed within four years after primary surgery. Fifteen of 50 patients (30 percent) treated by primary closure had recurrent disease after a median recurrence-free interval of 2.7 (range, 0.2-13.5) years compared with 24 of 144 patients (17 percent), who experienced recurrence after rhomboid excision and open wound treatment after a median of 1.8 (range 0.1-16.5) years (P = 0.081, long-rank-test). Analysis of 345 recurrent disease charts revealed that recurrence time decreased for multiple recurrences compared with first recurrence (R1 vs. R2: P = 0.07; R2 vs. R3: P = 0.03, Mann-Whitney U test).
Long-term recurrence rate was 22 percent and thus higher than previously reported. This may be attributed to the long follow-up interval. Recurrences up to 20 years after surgery were seen. Our data provide evidence that follow-up after first to the third pilonidal sinus surgery should complete or exceed five years, because the majority of recurrences occur during this postoperative interval. Nevertheless, even a five-year follow-up will still miss 25 percent of recurrences.
- SourceAvailable from: Jorge Baixauli[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: No definitive surgical treatment for non-acute pilonidal disease has been established thus far. We herein report the short-term and long-term outcomes of 74 consecutive patients who underwent the cleft lift procedure for non-acute pilonidal disease.Surgery Today 05/2014; · 1.21 Impact Factor
Article: Le sinus pilonidal infecté[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Pilonidal disease is a frequent suppurative condition that occurs twice as often in men as in women, usually between the ages of 15 and 30. Pilonidal disease is located beneath the skin of the sacro-coccygeal region. It presents acutely as an abscess under tension while the chronic form gives rise to intermittent discharge from pilonidal sinus(es). Diagnosis is clinical and usually straightforward. In the large majority of cases, treatment is surgical but there is no consensus as to the ‘ideal’ technique. Acute abscess must be evacuated and an off-midline incision seems preferable. Excision is the standard definitive treatment but the choice of wide versus limited excision depends on the school of thought. The widespread practice in France is to leave the wound open, relying on postoperative healing by secondary intention. This technique has a low rate of recurrence but has the disadvantages of requiring local nursing care; the healing process is prolonged, usually associated with a temporary but prolonged cessation of activity. Primary wound closure techniques are less restrictive but their recurrence rate is probably higher. A direct midline suture is best after a small excision, but for a more extended wound, plastic reconstruction techniques are preferred; data in the literature favor asymmetric closure techniques such as those described by Karydakis and Bascom.Journal de Chirurgie Viscérale. 09/2013; 150(4):264–275.
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ABSTRACT: Pilonidal is a painful disease which occurs mainly in the sacrococcygeal area. In 1833 Herbert Mayo first reported a case of a young woman with a hair-containing sinus in the sacrococcygeal area. In 1880, Hodge suggested the term "pilonidal" from the Latin "pilus" for hair and "nidus" meaning nest. Effect of using autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on pain reduction in patients with pilonidal abscess, subjected to extensive surgical removal tissue, was investigated through a clinical trial. The trial was conducted on two groups from the Center for Surgical Research at Mashhad University of Medical Sciences located at Ghaem hospital in Mashhad city in 2011. Purposive sampling was conducted and the samples were randomly assigned to two groups including test and control. All of the patients referred to the surgical unit of Imam-Reza hospital with acute pilonidal abscess (sacrococcygeal abscess) were considered and randomly assigned to two groups. Patients' dressing was not removed for two days. To avoid systematic errors (Bias), the resident who checked the wound for the first time was completely unaware of the patient's treatment plan. Recovery process and wound healing were monitored for the two groups and compared with each other (every other day for 10 days, and then once a week until complete healing). Data analysis was performed using SPSS19 software with Chi-square, independent t, and Mann-Whitney tests. Based on the obtained results it was found that the pain in the test group was significantly reduced in the first and fourth weeks (P < 0.05), compared to the control group. Therefore, it has been demonstrated that using PRP can significantly reduce pain in patients subjected to surgical treatment for their pilonidal abscess.Iranian Red Crescent medical journal. 11/2013; 15(11):e6301.