Bass, T. M., Weinkove, D., Houthoofd, K., Gems, D. & Partridge, L. Effects of resveratrol on lifespan in Drosophila melanogaster and Caenorhabditis elegans. Mech. Ageing Dev. 128, 546-552

Department of Biology, Ghent University, Gand, Flemish, Belgium
Mechanisms of Ageing and Development (Impact Factor: 3.4). 11/2007; 128(10):546-52. DOI: 10.1016/j.mad.2007.07.007
Source: PubMed


It was recently reported that the plant polyphenol resveratrol, found, e.g., in grape berry skins, extended lifespan in the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster and the nematode worm Caenorhabditis elegans. This lifespan extension was dependent on an NAD(+)-dependent histone deacetylase, Sir2 in Drosophila and SIR-2.1 in C. elegans. The extension of lifespan appeared to occur through a mechanism related to dietary restriction (DR), the reduction of available nutrients without causing malnutrition, an intervention that extends lifespan in diverse organisms from yeast to mammals. In Drosophila, lifespan extension by DR is associated with a reduction in fecundity. However, a slight increase in fecundity was reported upon treatment with resveratrol, suggesting a mode of action at least partially distinct from that of DR. To probe this mechanism further, we initiated a new study of the effects of resveratrol on Drosophila. We saw no significant effects on lifespan in seven independent trials. We analysed our resveratrol and found that its structure was normal, with no oxidative modifications. We therefore re-tested the effects of resveratrol in C. elegans, in both wild-type and sir-2.1 mutant worms. The results were variable, with resveratrol treatment resulting in slight increases in lifespan in some trials but not others, in both wild type and sir-2.1 mutant animals. We postulate that the effect of resveratrol upon lifespan in C. elegans could reflect induction of phase 2 drug detoxification or activation of AMP kinase.

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    • "A question is thereby raised on the relationship between the antioxidant activity and the anti-aging efficacy of TCMF. Indeed, despite extensive research, lifespan studies using antioxidants have often been disappointing (Bass et al. 2007; Ran et al. 2007). Because candidate compounds are frequently selected simply by their vitro antioxidant efficacy, with the assumption that vitro is equal to vivo antioxidants and the latter will certainly extend lifespan. "
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    Biogerontology 06/2014; 15(4). DOI:10.1007/s10522-014-9508-1 · 3.29 Impact Factor
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    • "We have recently demonstrated that SIRT1 activation induced by resveratrol modulates the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway [68]. Small molecules such as resveratrol are of great interest because they increase life-span in many species in a sirtuin-dependent manner [69] [70]. "
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    Advances in Free Radical Biology & Medicine 05/2014; 73. DOI:10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2014.05.004
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    • "Resveratrol might not activate sirtuins in vivo (Kaeberlein et al., 2005; Pacholec et al., 2010), and sirtuins might not be involved in the extension of lifespan (Burnett et al., 2011). Some researchers have reported that resveratrol increased life span modestly, but the effect was either not or only marginally significant in Caenorhabditis elegans, Drosophila melanogaster, and mice (Bass et al., 2007; Miller et al., 2011), despite the fact that gene expression patterns of animals treated with resveratrol had some degree of similarity to those with low diet (Barger et al., 2008; Pearson et al., 2008). In addition, survival curves of animals treated with resveratrol are sometimes different from those with dietary restriction (Valenzano et al., 2006; Chandrashekara and Shakarad, 2012). "
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