Surgical results and prognosis of patients with primary bronchogenic carcinoma aged less than 36 years.
ABSTRACT This study reports on the demographic features, clinico-pathological results and prognoses of patients aged less than 36 years diagnosed with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
This is an observational study of patients with primary NSCLC who had a surgical procedure at a tertiary thoracic surgery centre in Turkey. Data collected were age, gender, history of smoking, symptoms, postoperative histopathological diagnosis, stage, surgical procedure and survival.
Of the 31 patients in the study, 27 were male (87%) and the median age was 32 years (10-35 years). Nineteen patients were smokers (61.2%). The most common presenting symptom was cough (n = 23, 67.7%). Histopathological diagnosis was squamous cell carcinoma (SCC, n = 17), adenocarcinoma (n = 12), lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (n = 1) and undifferentiated carcinoma (n = 1). Staging of the 17 patients with SCC (58.8%) was stage I and II (n = 10, 58%), and stage III (n = 7, 41%). Staging of the 13 patients with adenocarcinoma was stage IV (n = 2, 16%) and stage III patients (n = 8, 66%). Follow-up data were available on 22 patients (71%) and showed a median survival of 17.2 months. Two and 5-year survival rates were 54.5% and 45.5%, respectively.
SCC comprised a relatively high proportion of NSCLC in these younger patients. Aggressive multimodality treatment may achieve satisfactory 2- and 5-year survival rates in young patients with NSCLC who usually present with advanced disease.
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ABSTRACT: Bronchogenic carcinoma is reported to be more rapidly fatal in young persons than in older persons. We wondered whether young patients experience a more virulent form of lung cancer or whether other factors might contribute to poor survival. We reviewed the records of 113 Mayo Clinic patients younger than 40 years with histologically proven bronchogenic carcinoma diagnosed between 1956 and 1976. One hundred four patients (92%) had symptoms for a mean duration of 4 months before diagnosis. The disease was categorized as Stage I in 9 patients, Stage II in 6, and Stage III in 98. Fifty-six patients underwent thoracotomy. The procedure was curative in 17 and palliative in 14; in 25, the lesion was unresectable. Respective 1-year and 2-year survivals were 71% and 35% after curative resection and 79% and 28% after palliative resection. The 1-year survival was 82% for patients in Stage I, 40% for Stage II, and 26% for Stage III. Without resection, only 16% of patients lived 1 year or longer. Advanced disease at presentation characterized this group of young patients.The Annals of Thoracic Surgery 12/1983; 36(5):509-15. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A large community-based cancer registry was analyzed to determine if the clinicopathologic characteristics and/or survival rates of lung cancer patients under 50 years of age at diagnosis differ from those of patients 50 years of age or greater at diagnosis. Data regarding demographics, stage, histology, initial therapy, and survival were obtained on all patients with primary bronchogenic carcinoma registered in the metropolitan Detroit Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) registry from 1973 to 1992. Of 31,266 patients, 9.0% were under 50 years of age at diagnosis. Females (40.1% v 31.2%; P < .001) and blacks (28.7% v 21.9%, P < .001) were overrepresented in the younger group compared with the older group. Younger patients had a significantly higher incidence of adenocarcinoma and were less likely to present with local-stage disease (18.6% v 25.2%; P < .001). Younger patients were significantly more likely to undergo surgery and/or combined-modality therapy. Relative survival at 5 years was significantly better in the younger group (16.1% v 13.4%; P < .001), mainly because of better survival in patients with local-stage disease (48.7% v 35.4%; P < .001). In a multivariate analysis, advanced-stage, nonsurgical initial therapy, age 50 years or greater at diagnosis, and male gender were independent negative prognostic factors. The overrepresentation of females and blacks in the group of younger patients with lung cancer suggests an increased susceptibility to lung carcinogens in these populations. Overall, this study suggests that lung cancer is not a more aggressive disease in younger patients and that all patients with lung cancer should be managed along the same therapeutic guidelines.Journal of Clinical Oncology 02/1998; 16(2):651-7. · 18.04 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To investigate the relationship between the clinical features and prognosis in young patients with lung cancer who underwent resection. Statistical analysis was employed on sex, age, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis, in 92 young cases younger than 40 years old among 930 cases with primary lung cancer who underwent surgery from January 1978 to December 1996. There were 92 young patients with lung cancer, accounting for 9.89% of the total cases. They were 71 male and 21 female patients, with the ratio of 3.38:1. The histological types were 34 squamous cell carcinomas (37%), 30 adenocarcinomas (33%), 26 small cell carcinomas (28%), and two large cell carcinomas (2%). On TNM staging, there were 30 cases in stage I (32.6%), 30 in stage II (32.6%) and 32 in stage III (34.8%). Lobectomy was conducted in 54 patients (59%), pneumonectomy in 36 (39%) and wedge-shaped resection in two cases (2%). The rate of pneumonectomy in young patients was significantly higher than that of 18% in older patients (>40) with lung cancer (P<0.01). 57 patients (62%) received absolutely curative resection; 28 cases (30%), relatively curative resection; seven cases (8%), non-curative resection. The postoperative 5-year-survival was 46% (42/92), in comparison with 34% (288/838) in patients older than 40 receiving operation during the same period, with significant difference between the two groups (P<0.05). The 5-year-survivals in patients with squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, small cell carcinoma and large cell carcinoma were 68% (23/34), 30% (9/30), 38% (10/26) and 0 (0/2), respectively. The survival in squamous cell cancer was markedly higher than in adenocarcinoma (P<0.01) and in small cell carcinoma (P<0.05). There was no significant difference between adenocarcinoma and small cell cancer. The 5-year-survivals in stage I, II and III were 63% (19/30), 53% (16/30) and 22% (7/32), respectively. There was no significant difference between stage I and II, while remarkable difference was found between stage I and III (P<0.01), and between stage II and III (P<0.05). The 5-year-survival in patients undergoing absolutely curative resection was 67% (38/57), and 14% (4/28) in patients with relatively curative resection, with significant difference (P<0.01). No patient survived longer than the 5th postoperative year in seven cases receiving non-curative resection. Young patients with lung cancer were more often seen in male than in female. Squamous cell carcinoma accounted for the most part, no statistical difference, however, compared with adenocarcinoma and small cell carcinoma. The pneumonectomy rate in young patients was remarkably higher than that in patients older than 40. The postoperative 5-year-survival in young patients was considerably higher than in patients older than 40 who underwent surgery during the same period. Favorable prognosis was seen in patients with squamous cell carcinoma and undergoing absolutely curative resection, while worse outcome in stage III cancer.Lung Cancer 11/2003; 42(2):215-20. · 3.39 Impact Factor