Desorption of hydrophobic compounds from laboratory-spiked Sediments measured by tenax absorbent and matrix solid-phase microextraction

Fisheries and Illinois Aquaculture Center & Department of Zoology, 171 Life Science II, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois 62901, USA.
Environmental Science and Technology (Impact Factor: 5.48). 09/2007; 41(16):5672-8. DOI: 10.1021/es0700395
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Tenax extraction and matrix solid-phase microextraction (matrix-SPME) were used to study desorption of hydrophobic contaminants (HOC) from sediments. 14C-labeled hexachlorobiphenyl, DDE, permethrin, chlorpyrifos, and phenanthrene were individually spiked into sediments differing in physical characteristics. Sequestration of the HOCs into sediment was observed for all compounds, and desorption was described by rapid, slow, and very slow rates. The freely dissolved HOC concentration in the sediment porewater was estimated by matrix-SPME, and serial sampling was used to ensure equilibrium was achieved among sediment, porewater and matrix-SPME fiber. Differences in partitioning of the HOCs between sediment and porewater for the different sediments were reduced by replacing the HOC concentration in sediment with the rapidly desorbing fraction. The significantly lower porewater concentration determined from matrix-SPME, than predicted from equilibrium partitioning theory (EPT), showed that only a small fraction of sediment HOCs were available for equilibrium and the predictability of EPT can be improved with the consideration of sequestration in sediment. A good correlation was noted between sediment concentration in the rapidly desorbing fraction measured by Tenax extraction, and SPME fiber concentration as determined by matrix-SPME. Thus, the two methods both tracked the readily desorbed contaminant equally well though Tenax extraction measures the accessible pool, and matrix-SPME measures the chemical activity of the HOCs.

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