Neurofunctional effects of developmental sodium fluoride exposure in rats.

Lucian Blaga University, Medical School, Sibiu, Romania.
European review for medical and pharmacological sciences (Impact Factor: 1.09). 11(4):211-24.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Contrasting studies on the toxic effects of sodium fluoride (NaF) during developmental stages of Wistar rats, lead us to investigate the neurofunctional effects caused by its perinatal exposure, devoid of any overt sign of toxicity and/or gross malformation. NaF solution was administered to pregnant rats by intragastric gavage at a daily dose of 2.5 and 5.0 mg/kg from gestational day 0 to day 9 after parturition. Developmental NaF exposure caused sex and dose specific behavioural deficits which affected males more than females in the majority of the evaluated end-points. In particular, the perinatal exposure to NaF 5.0 mg/kg, significantly affected learning, memory, motor coordination and blood pressure only in male rats. Conversely, a lack of habituation upon the second presentation of the objects and failure in the ability to discriminate between the novel and the familiar object were observed only in NaF 5.0 mg/kg female rats. Finally, a significant impairment of sexual behaviour was observed in male rats at both NaF dose levels. The present data indicate that perinatal rat exposure to NaF results in long lasting functional sex-specific alterations which occur at fluoride levels approaching those experienced by offspring of mothers.

  • Source
    Biological trace element research 08/2012; · 1.92 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Previous studies have suggested that sodium fluoride (NaF) may have adverse effects on neurodevelopment. In the present study, we evaluated developmental neurotoxicity by assessing in cognitive function and emotional behavior in BalB/C mice treated with NaF. Mice were weaned at 4weeks, and water or different NaF concentrations (2, 5, or 10mg/L in drinking water) were provided for 4weeks. We found that exploration preference in the novel object recognition test was significantly altered in mice treated with 5 and 10mg/L NaF compared with the water-treated control animals. Furthermore, mice treated with 5 and 10mg/L NaF showed significantly longer escape latencies, less time in the target quadrant, and fewer platform-crossing numbers in the Morris water maze compared to those in the control group. In addition, mice treated with 10mg/L NaF spent a lower percentage of time in the open arms in the elevated-plus maze, while no significant changes were noted in the open and close arm entries or the total arm entries. We also found that the cumulative immobility time in the tail suspension test was longer in mice treated with 5 and 10mg/L NaF compared to the control group. Only 10mg/L NaF-treated mice showed longer immobility time compared with the control group. Collectively, our data indicate that developmental exposure to NaF induces cognitive deficits and anxiety-depression-like behaviors in mice.
    Physiology & Behavior 10/2013; · 3.16 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to investigate the effects of long-term fluoride exposure on object recognition memory and mRNA expression of soluble N-ethylmaleimidesensitive fusion protein attachment protein receptors (SNARE) complex (synaptosome-associated protein of 25 kDa (SNAP-25), vesicle-associated membrane protein 2 (VAMP-2), and syntaxin 1A) in the hippocampus of male mice. Sixty sexually matured male Kunming mice were randomly divided into four groups: control group (given distilled water), low F group (25 mg/L NaF, corresponding to 11 mg/L F(-)), medium F group (50 mg/L NaF, corresponding to 22 mg/L F(-)), and high F group (100 mg/L NaF, corresponding to 45 mg/L F(-)). After 180 days, the spontaneous locomotor behavior and object recognition memory were detected by open field test and novel object recognition (NOR) test. Results showed that compared with the control group, frequency in each zone, total distance, and line crosses were significantly increased in low F and medium F groups, suggesting fluoride enhanced excitement of mice, while there were no marked changes in high F group. Twenty-four hours after training, a deficit of long-term memory (LTM) occurred only in high F group (P < 0.05), but there was no significant change of short-term memory (STM) 1.5 h later. The mRNA expression levels of SNAP-25, VAMP-2, and syntaxin 1A were detected by real-time quantitative RT-PCR, which revealed that the mRNA expression of VAMP-2 was significantly increased in medium F and high F groups (P < 0.01). Taken together, these results indicated that long-term fluoride administration can enhance the excitement of male mice, impair recognition memory, and upregulate VAMP-2 mRNA expression, which are involved in the adverse effects of fluoride on the object recognition memory of nervous system.
    Biological trace element research 02/2014; · 1.92 Impact Factor


Available from