Treatment of acquired haemophilia with recombinant activated FVII: a critical appraisal.

Novo Nordisk Inc., 100 College Road West, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA.
Haemophilia (Impact Factor: 2.47). 10/2007; 13(5):451-61. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2516.2007.01474.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Acquired haemophilia is a rare bleeding disorder usually caused by the spontaneous formation of inhibitory antibodies to coagulation FVIII. The disease occurs most commonly in the elderly, and although acquired haemophilia may be associated with a variety of underlying conditions, up to 50% of reported cases are idiopathic. Treatment options have traditionally involved human FVIII or FIX replacement therapy (if the inhibitor titre allows), porcine FVIII or the use of activated pro-thrombin complex concentrates. Recombinant activated coagulation FVII (rFVIIa) was available on an emergency and compassionate use basis from 1988 to 1999 at sites in Europe and North America. It has been registered in Europe for use in treating acquired haemophilia since 1996 and has recently been licensed for this indication in the United States. By directly activating FX on the surface of activated platelets at the site of injury (thereby bypassing FVIII and FIX), rFVIIa can circumvent the actions of inhibitory antibodies present in acquired haemophilia patients. This paper provides an overview of experiences with rFVIIa for the treatment of acquired haemophilia from the NovoSeven compassionate and emergency use programmes (1989-1999), the Hemophilia and Thrombosis Research Society Registry, and independent published reports from January 1999 to September 2005. rFVIIa has been reported to provide safe and effective haemostasis as a first line therapy in patients of all ages for a variety of surgical and non-surgical bleeding situations.

  • Source
    Blood research. 09/2014; 49(3):205-7.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Acquired haemophilia A is a rare life- and limb-threatening bleeding disorder if left untreated. Autoimmune thyroiditis is an autoimmune disorder that can be rarely associated with acquired haemophilia. Here we report a case of a 60-year-old woman presenting with cutaneous and muscle haematomas secondary to acquired haemophilia A in association with autoimmune thyroiditis, who was successfully treated with recombinant activated factor VII and immunosuppression. A 60-year-old Sri Lankan woman with a background of longstanding hypothyroidism, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hyperlipidaemia and bronchial asthma developed spontaneous cutaneous purpura and a limb-threatening intramuscular haematoma. Initial coagulation screening revealed prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time of 66.4 seconds (normal range 26 to -36 seconds) and time-dependent inhibitors against factor VIII. She had positive antinuclear antibody and antithyroid peroxidase (microsomal) antibody titre of over 1/80 and 1000IU/mL respectively. The diagnosis was therefore made of acquired haemophilia A in association with autoimmune thyroiditis. Acute limb-threatening bleeding was managed with recombinant activated factor VII (NovoSeven(R)). Immunosuppressive treatment consisting of oral prednisone 60mg/day and cyclophosphamide 100mg/day was administered in order to remove the factor VIII inhibitor. This treatment led to normalisation of her haemostatic parameters. This case illustrates a very rare association of acquired haemophilia and autoimmune thyroiditis as well as the importance of considering acquired haemophilia as a differential diagnosis of spontaneous bleeding. Acquired haemophilia should be considered in the differential diagnosis of unexplained bleeding in adults. Treatment of the acute coagulopathy with recombinant activated factor VIII and immunosuppressive therapy was successful in this case.
    Journal of medical case reports. 12/2014; 8(1):469.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) was initially developed to treat bleeding episodes in patients with congenital hemophilia and inhibitors. Due to the initial success in this clinical setting, its use has been extended to other coagulopathies characterized by impaired thrombin generation, i.e. acquired hemophilia, inherited factor VII deficiency and Glanzmann's thrombasthenia, for which it is currently licensed. Extensive research in the last decade has increased our knowledge of the mechanisms utilized by rFVIIa to restore normal hemostasis. This paper reviews current understanding of the mechanisms of action of rFVIIa before summarizing the clinical experience, in terms of safety and efficacy, to date in its licensed indications.
    Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 07/2014; 39(2). · 2.04 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
Jun 5, 2014