Article

Treatment of acquired haemophilia with recombinant activated FVII: a critical appraisal.

Novo Nordisk Inc., 100 College Road West, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA.
Haemophilia (Impact Factor: 3.17). 10/2007; 13(5):451-61. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2516.2007.01474.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Acquired haemophilia is a rare bleeding disorder usually caused by the spontaneous formation of inhibitory antibodies to coagulation FVIII. The disease occurs most commonly in the elderly, and although acquired haemophilia may be associated with a variety of underlying conditions, up to 50% of reported cases are idiopathic. Treatment options have traditionally involved human FVIII or FIX replacement therapy (if the inhibitor titre allows), porcine FVIII or the use of activated pro-thrombin complex concentrates. Recombinant activated coagulation FVII (rFVIIa) was available on an emergency and compassionate use basis from 1988 to 1999 at sites in Europe and North America. It has been registered in Europe for use in treating acquired haemophilia since 1996 and has recently been licensed for this indication in the United States. By directly activating FX on the surface of activated platelets at the site of injury (thereby bypassing FVIII and FIX), rFVIIa can circumvent the actions of inhibitory antibodies present in acquired haemophilia patients. This paper provides an overview of experiences with rFVIIa for the treatment of acquired haemophilia from the NovoSeven compassionate and emergency use programmes (1989-1999), the Hemophilia and Thrombosis Research Society Registry, and independent published reports from January 1999 to September 2005. rFVIIa has been reported to provide safe and effective haemostasis as a first line therapy in patients of all ages for a variety of surgical and non-surgical bleeding situations.

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