Treatment of acquired haemophilia with recombinant activated FVII: a critical appraisal.

Novo Nordisk Inc., 100 College Road West, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA.
Haemophilia (Impact Factor: 3.17). 10/2007; 13(5):451-61. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2516.2007.01474.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Acquired haemophilia is a rare bleeding disorder usually caused by the spontaneous formation of inhibitory antibodies to coagulation FVIII. The disease occurs most commonly in the elderly, and although acquired haemophilia may be associated with a variety of underlying conditions, up to 50% of reported cases are idiopathic. Treatment options have traditionally involved human FVIII or FIX replacement therapy (if the inhibitor titre allows), porcine FVIII or the use of activated pro-thrombin complex concentrates. Recombinant activated coagulation FVII (rFVIIa) was available on an emergency and compassionate use basis from 1988 to 1999 at sites in Europe and North America. It has been registered in Europe for use in treating acquired haemophilia since 1996 and has recently been licensed for this indication in the United States. By directly activating FX on the surface of activated platelets at the site of injury (thereby bypassing FVIII and FIX), rFVIIa can circumvent the actions of inhibitory antibodies present in acquired haemophilia patients. This paper provides an overview of experiences with rFVIIa for the treatment of acquired haemophilia from the NovoSeven compassionate and emergency use programmes (1989-1999), the Hemophilia and Thrombosis Research Society Registry, and independent published reports from January 1999 to September 2005. rFVIIa has been reported to provide safe and effective haemostasis as a first line therapy in patients of all ages for a variety of surgical and non-surgical bleeding situations.

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    British Journal of Haematology 07/2013; · 4.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Acquired hemophilia A (AHA) is a rare bleeding disorder characterized by autoantibodies directed against circulating coagulation factor (F) VIII. Typically, patients with no prior history of a bleeding disorder present with spontaneous bleeding and an isolated prolonged aPTT. AHA may, however, present without any bleeding symptoms, therefore an isolated prolonged aPTT should always be investigated further irrespective of the clinical findings. Control of acute bleeding is the first priority, and we recommend first-line therapy with bypassing agents such as recombinant activated FVII or activated prothrombin complex concentrate. Once the diagnosis has been achieved, immediate autoantibody eradication to reduce subsequent bleeding risk should be performed. We recommend initial treatment with corticosteroids or combination therapy with corticosteroids and cyclophosphamide and suggest second-line therapy with rituximab if first-line therapy fails or is contraindicated. In contrast to congenital hemophilia, no comparative studies exist to support treatment recommendations for patients with AHA, therefore treatment guidance must rely on the expertise and clinical experience of specialists in the field. The aim of this document is to provide a set of international practice guidelines based on our collective clinical experience in treating patients with AHA and contribute to improved care for this patient group.
    Haematologica 05/2009; 94(4):566-75. · 5.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The management of patients with congenital haemophilia who develop alloantibodies against factors of the propagation phase of blood coagulation, commonly known as inhibitors, is the most important challenge facing haemophilia caregivers at present, as this complication not only compromises the efficacy of replacement therapy but also consumes an enormous amount of economic resources. Development of inhibitors further complicates the clinical course of severe haemophilia, with a prevalence of up to 30% in patients with haemophilia A (factor VIII deficiency) and up to 5% in those with haemophilia B (factor IX deficiency) and haemophilia C (factor XI deficiency). While the short-term goal of treatment of patients who develop alloantibodies is the control of bleeding, the eradication of the inhibitor is the main long-term goal. The management of severe bleeding episodes and the eradication of the autoantibody are also the mainstays of treatment of patients with acquired haemophilia, a rare but life-threatening haemorrhagic condition characterized by the development of inhibitory autoantibodies against coagulation factor VIII. The most recent options available for treating patients with congenital haemophilia complicated by inhibitors and acquired haemophilia because of autoantibodies against factor VIII are summarized in this review article.
    British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 12/2010; 72(4):553-62. · 3.69 Impact Factor

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