Use of a retrograde nail for ankle arthrodesis in Charcot neuroarthropathy: A limb salvage procedure
ABSTRACT Charcot neuroarthropathy is a serious complication associated with diabetic neuropathy. This complication probably is most serious when the ankle is involved because of the instability and progressive deformity, which often leads to ulceration, osteomyelitis, and amputation. Arthrodesis before the ulcerated lesion appears is considered a limb salvage treatment. One of the most effective techniques for an unstable ankle in Charcot neuroarthropathy is retrograde transcalcaneal nailing.
Eighteen diabetic patients, without a history of ulceration, were treated from July, 2003, to November, 2005, with panarthrodesis of the ankle using intramedullary retrograde transcalcaneal nailing. The average follow up was 14 +/- 10.1 months. All patients completed the unloaded postoperative period with a fiberglass cast (3 months nonweightbearing and 3 months partial weightbearing) and commenced walking in shoes with a stiff rocker sole and a molded insole.
During the followup period there were no major complications. In three patients, removal of one of the proximal screws used for anchoring the nail to the tibia was done because of protrusion causing skin breakdown. Fourteen patients had a stable fusion and four patients had fibrous union. The percentage of limb salvage was 100% in the followup period.
Our study confirms that this operative technique is effective and safe.
SourceAvailable from: Hiroyuki Tsuchiya[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Severe bone loss resulting from talar body necrosis in the Charcot ankle can be challenging to treat. In particular, the Charcot ankle will demonstrate progressive instability and deformity, causing protrusion of the medial or lateral malleolus, which will mostly lead to skin ulcers or osteomyelitis and, in some cases, will ultimately require transtibial amputation. Problems such as bone fragility, poor compliance with load-bearing restrictions, susceptibility to infection, and circulatory disorders cause difficulties in the surgical treatment of the Charcot ankle. We believe that tibiocalcaneal fusion is a reliable method to obtain satisfactory outcomes in these difficult cases. However, no study has reported on the use of a locking plate for tibiocalcaneal fusion. Therefore, we report on tibiocalcaneal fusion using a locking plate in 3 patients with Charcot ankle and severe talar body loss. All patients achieved bony union with a plantigrade foot and without any skin complications. We have concluded that a locking plate provides rigid fixation and easier insertion of additional screws, when necessary.The Journal of foot and ankle surgery: official publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons 08/2014; DOI:10.1053/j.jfas.2014.06.003
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ABSTRACT: This study assessed the hypothesis that arthrodesis of both the ankle and the hindfoot joints produces an objective improvement of function as measured by gait analysis of patients with severe ankle and hindfoot arthritis. Twenty-one patients with severe ankle and hindfoot arthritis who underwent unilateral tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis with an intramedullary nail were prospectively studied with three-dimensional (3D) gait analysis at a minimum of one year postoperatively. The mean age at the time of the operation was fifty-nine years, and the mean duration of follow-up was seventeen months (range, twelve to thirty-one months). Temporospatial measurements included cadence, step length, walking velocity, and total support time. The kinematic parameters were sagittal plane motion of the ankle, knee, and hip. The kinetic parameters were sagittal plane ankle power and moment and hip power. Symmetry of gait was analyzed by comparing the step lengths on the affected and unaffected sides. There was significant improvement in multiple parameters of postoperative gait as compared with the patients' own preoperative function. Temporospatial data showed significant increases in cadence (p = 0.03) and walking speed (p = 0.001) and decreased total support time (p = 0.02). Kinematic results showed that sagittal plane ankle motion had decreased, from 13.2° preoperatively to 10.2° postoperatively, in the operatively treated limb (p = 0.02), and increased from 22.2° to 24.1° (p = 0.01) in the contralateral limb. Hip motion on the affected side increased from 39° to 43° (p = 0.007), and knee motion increased from 56° to 60° (p = 0.054). Kinetic results showed significant increases in ankle moment (p < 0.0001) of the operatively treated limb, ankle power of the contralateral limb (p = 0.009), and hip power on the affected side (p = 0.005) postoperatively. There was a significant improvement in gait symmetry (p = 0.01). There was a small loss of sagittal plane motion in the affected limb postoperatively. There were marked increases in gait velocity, ankle moment, and hip motion and power, documenting objective improvements in ambulatory function. The data showed that preoperative ankle motion was greatly diminished. This may suggest that pain is more important than stiffness in asymmetric gait. Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. Copyright © 2014 by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated.The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 11/2014; 96(22):1863-9. DOI:10.2106/JBJS.M.01448 · 4.31 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The present case series outlines the history and surgical treatment of 6 patients who underwent tibiocalcaneal arthrodesis from April 2002 to May 2012, all with external fixation as the primary or secondary fixation. Surgical intervention was performed by the same surgeon at the same facility. The indication for surgery was a nonbraceable Charcot deformity in 5 (83.3%) patients and bone and soft tissue infection complicating previous intramedullary hindfoot fusion in 1 (16.7%) patient. Talectomy was performed in 2 (33.3%) patients secondary to widespread osteomyelitis of the talus and in 4 (66.7%) patients secondary to avascular necrosis and/or disintegration and fragmentation of the remaining talus. The postoperative complications have been discussed in detail and their management outlined. At the most recent follow-up visit, all patients were independently ambulating on a braceable limb with or without the use of an assistive device. In conclusion, tibiocalcaneal arthrodesis is a reasonable option for limb salvage to produce community ambulators in the high-risk population. We emphasize that although multiple fixation options are available for tibiocalcaneal arthrodesis, a combination of internal and external fixation is vital to its success.The Journal of foot and ankle surgery: official publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons 08/2014; 53(6). DOI:10.1053/j.jfas.2014.06.027