Measurement of dynamic mobilization of trace metals in sediments using DGT and comparison with bioaccumulation in Chironomus riparius: first results of an experimental study.
ABSTRACT Sediments in aquatic ecosystems are often contaminated as a result of anthropogenic activities. Sediments and benthic organisms have been used to monitor trace metals contamination. However, due to the high variability of contaminant bioavailability, the attempt to link metal concentration in sediments and contamination of the organisms or ecotoxicological effect often lead to disappointing results. The technique of diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) has been proposed as a relevant tool to study metal bioavailability, for example for accumulation in plants. In the present study, laboratory microcosm experiments were conducted with six contaminated sediments to compare metal accumulation in DGT and bioaccumulation in a chironomid (Chironomus riparius) for Cu, Cd and Pb . Metal accumulation in DGT was measured over time then modelled to determine two parameters of the dynamic response of the metals to DGT deployment: the size of the particulate labile pool and the kinetic of the solid-dissolved phase exchange. The mobility of metals was found metal and sediment dependent. A significant relationship between metal accumulated in DGT and bioaccumulated in chironomids was found for Cu and Pb. However, total metals in sediments were the best predictors of bioaccumulation. Nevertheless, the knowledge of the metals dynamic enhanced our ability to explain the different biological uptake observed in sediments of similar total metal concentrations.
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ABSTRACT: In this study, we used the diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) and conventional methods (including SEM-AVS models, BCR sequential extraction and total metal concentrations) to assess sediment Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd and Pb bioavailability to field inhabitant freshwater snails (Bellamya aeruginosa) from Chinese eutrophic lakes. The performance of these methods and the relationship between DGT measurements and conventional methods were evaluated. The results showed that DGT-measured metal concentrations have weak correlations with results from tests using SEM-AVS models as well as sequentially extracted European Community Bureau of Reference (BCR) metal fractions. Among the methods used, Cr, Ni, Cu, and Pb measured by DGT were significantly correlated with metal concentrations in the tissue of snails, while SEM-AVS could predict Cr, Ni and Pb bioavailability well, but not SEM-AVS/fOC. Finally, BCR sequential extraction and total metal concentrations only correlated well with Pb bioavailability to snails. Overall, the results of this study indicated that DGT performed best in predicting metal accumulation in snails and which could be used to predict sediment metal bioavailability to field inhabitant snails from freshwater lake sediments due to their simple manipulation and validity.Journal of hazardous materials 11/2013; 264C:184-194. DOI:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2013.11.030 · 4.33 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The applicability of diffusive gradients in thin-films (DGT) as a biomimic surrogate was investigated to determine the bioavailable heavy metal concentrations to earthworm (Eisenia foetida). The relationships between the amount of DGT and earthworm uptake; DGT uptake and the bioavailable concentrations of heavy metals in soils were evaluated. The one-compartment model for the dynamic uptake of heavy metals in the soil fitted well to both the earthworm (R(2)=0.641-0.990) and DGT (R(2)=0.473-0.998) uptake data. DGT uptake was linearly correlated with the total heavy metal concentrations in the soil (aqua regia), the bioavailable heavy metal concentrations estimated by fractions I+II of the standard measurements and testing (SM&T) and physiologically based extraction test (PBET, stomach+intestine). The coefficients of determination (R(2)) of DGT uptake vs. aqua regia were 0.433, 0.929 and 0.723; vs. SM&T fractions (I+II) were 0.901, 0.882 and 0.713 and vs. PBET (stomach+intestine) were 0.913, 0.850 and 0.649 for Pb, Zn and Cu, respectively. These results imply that DGT can be used as a biomimic surrogate for the earthworm uptake of heavy metals in contaminated soils as well as predict bioavailable concentrations of heavy metals estimated by SM&T (I+II) and PBET as a human oral bioavailable concentrations of heavy metals.Science of The Total Environment 11/2011; 416:127-36. DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.11.007 · 3.16 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The technique of DGT (diffusive gradients in thin films) using three diffusive gel thicknesses was applied to estimate the mobility and bioavailability of heavy metals in sediments and porewater of Lake Taihu, China. The DGT results showed significantly positive correlations between Co, Pb, Cd and Mn, and Ni and Fe concentrations in porewater. Cu and Zn showed a significantly negative correlation with Mn, due to Cu combination with carbonates and Zn derived from agricultural pollution, respectively. The rank order of average concentrations of Co, Ni and Cd at each station was DGT1.92>DGT0.78>DGT0.39, suggesting stronger resupply from sediments to porewater when using thicker diffusive gels. Comparing centrifugation and DGT measurements, Co, Ni and Cd are highly labile; Mn and Fe are moderately labile; and Cu, Zn and Pb are slightly labile. The variations of AVS concentrations in sediment cores indicate that metal sulfides in deeper layers are easily diffused into surface sediments. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.Journal of Environmental Sciences 03/2015; 31. DOI:10.1016/j.jes.2014.12.003 · 1.92 Impact Factor