Article

Measurement of dynamic mobilization of trace metals in sediments using DGT and comparison with bioaccumulation in Chironomus riparius: first results of an experimental study.

Cemagref, Research unit Water Quality, 3 bis quai Chauveau, CP220, F-69336 Lyon cedex 09, France.
Chemosphere (Impact Factor: 3.5). 02/2008; 70(5):925-32. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2007.06.061
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Sediments in aquatic ecosystems are often contaminated as a result of anthropogenic activities. Sediments and benthic organisms have been used to monitor trace metals contamination. However, due to the high variability of contaminant bioavailability, the attempt to link metal concentration in sediments and contamination of the organisms or ecotoxicological effect often lead to disappointing results. The technique of diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) has been proposed as a relevant tool to study metal bioavailability, for example for accumulation in plants. In the present study, laboratory microcosm experiments were conducted with six contaminated sediments to compare metal accumulation in DGT and bioaccumulation in a chironomid (Chironomus riparius) for Cu, Cd and Pb . Metal accumulation in DGT was measured over time then modelled to determine two parameters of the dynamic response of the metals to DGT deployment: the size of the particulate labile pool and the kinetic of the solid-dissolved phase exchange. The mobility of metals was found metal and sediment dependent. A significant relationship between metal accumulated in DGT and bioaccumulated in chironomids was found for Cu and Pb. However, total metals in sediments were the best predictors of bioaccumulation. Nevertheless, the knowledge of the metals dynamic enhanced our ability to explain the different biological uptake observed in sediments of similar total metal concentrations.

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