Child Maltreatment, Youth Violence, and Intimate Partner Violence

National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA.
American Journal of Preventive Medicine (Impact Factor: 4.53). 11/2007; 33(4):281-90. DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2007.06.003
Source: PubMed


Understanding the cycle of violence, from victimization to perpetration across the life span, is critical for designing successful prevention interventions. This study uses a nationally representative sample to examine the developmental relationships among three forms of child maltreatment, youth violence perpetration or victimization, and young adult intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration or victimization.
Data describing self-reported youth violence perpetration (or victimization) from Wave I of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (1994-1995) were matched with self-reported IPV perpetration (or victimization) in young adult sexual relationships and retrospective reports of child maltreatment collected during Wave III (2001-2002). Bivariate probit regression models were used to analyze the developmental relationships between child maltreatment, youth violence, and IPV. Analyses were completed in September 2006.
Compared to nonvictims of child maltreatment, victims of child maltreatment are more likely to perpetrate youth violence (a likelihood increase ranging from -1.2% to 6.6% for females and 3.7% to 11.9% for males) and young adult IPV (an increase from 8.7% to 10.4% for females and from 1.3% to 17.2% for males), although the direct and indirect effects vary by type of child maltreatment experienced. Gender differences exist in the links between child maltreatment, youth violence and IPV, and in the effects of socioeconomic factors on youth violence and IPV.
Results suggest that it may be important to account for gender differences when designing violence prevention programs, and an integrative approach is critical for stopping the developmental trajectory of violence.

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    • "Youth violence perpetration (toward a nonintimate partner) has also been associated with physical IPV perpetration for both males and females. After adjusting for race/ethnicity, Fang and Corso (2007) found that youth violence perpetration was a risk factor for IPV perpetration in early adulthood among males and females. Similarly, displaying aggressive behaviors in the eighth grade has been associated with physical IPV perpetration in early adulthood (average age 5 19.8 years old) among males and females, regardless of ethnicity (African American vs. Latino/other; O'Donnell et al., 2006). "
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    ABSTRACT: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a public health problem that reaches across age, sex, and ethnicity. In this study, we examined risk factors for physical IPV perpetration among young adult males and females from four ethnic groups. Data were taken from Waves 1–3 of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health). The sample included 10,141 Wave 3 respondents (ages ranged from 18–27 years old) who reported being in a current romantic relationship. Physical IPV perpetration was reported by 14.10% of White, 23.28% of Black, 18.82% of Latino, and 18.02% of Asian males. Physical IPV perpetration was reported by 19.01% of White, 24.80% of Black, 25.97% of Latina, and 19.21% of Asian females. Following an ecological framework, proximal risk factors at intrapersonal and interpersonal levels were included in the analyses. Despite finding fairly consistent percentage of physical IPV perpetration across sample groups, the risk factors for physical IPV perpetration were rather uncommon across sex and ethnicity. Only 1 factor—psychological IPV perpetration toward a romantic partner—was consistently associated with physical IPV perpetration across all groups. Our findings have implications for tailoring prevention and intervention efforts toward risk factors of physical IPV perpetration that are uniquely associated with biological sex and ethnicity.
    Violence and Victims 02/2015; 30(1). DOI:10.1891/0886-6708.VV-D-13-00123 · 1.28 Impact Factor
    • "For example, severe physical intimate partner aggression was more strongly associated with fewer social support resources and depression symptoms among men compared to women (Magdol et al., 1997). Sex differences have also been found in the association between ACEs and intimate partner aggression (Fang and Corso, 2007; Roberts et al., 2011), and in the relationships between PTSD, substance abuse (Stuart et al., 2008), depression (Graham et al., 2012), and intimate partner aggression. To date, no study has examined the association between ACEs and intimate partner aggression in a nationally representative sample of the US considering multiple mediators by sex. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a major problem with serious physical and mental health consequences. Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), including emotional, physical or sexual abuse, witnessing parental violence, or living with someone who has mental illness, a substance abuse (SA) or incarceration history have been linked to violence and psychopathology. However, the mediational pathways for these relationships are not understood. Objective: To determine the mediational role of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), substance abuse (SA), and depression in the association between ACEs and intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration. Methods: Data were obtained from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol Related Conditions (2004-2005) (N=34,653). Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was used to determine latent factors for ACEs, and IPV perpetration. Mediation analysis was used to determine the mediational roles of PTSD, SA, and depression in the association between ACEs and past year IPV perpetration in three separate models. Results: Approximately 57% of respondents were exposed to at least one ACE, and approximately 6% reported IPV perpetration in the past year. EFA of ACEs indicated three factors: sexual abuse, neglect/other abuse, and parental psychopathology. EFA of IPV perpetration indicated one factor. PTSD (p=0.000), depression (p=0.000) and SA (p<0.003) partially mediated the association between all three ACE factors and IPV perpetration Conclusions: Intervention programs targeting IPV perpetrators, should consider addressing ACEs, which have far-reaching effects across the lifespan, along with PTSD, SA, and depression as key focal points.
    142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition 2014; 11/2014
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    • "Knutson and his colleagues found that supervisory neglect played a mediating role in predicting aggression for socioeconomically disadvantaged families (Knutson, DeGarmo, & Reid, 2004; Knutson, DeGarmo, Koeppl, & Reid, 2005). Finally, in a nationally representative adolescent health study, supervisory and physical neglect were associated with increased risk of perpetrating violence in adolescents (Fang & Corso, 2007; Hussey, Chang, & Kotch, 2006). Although supervisory and physical neglect have been linked to subsequent externalizing behavior, less is known about the underlying contextual processes, in the micro-and exosystems (e.g., within the home and at the community level), that link early child neglect with later childhood development of psychopathology . "
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    ABSTRACT: Given the high prevalence of child neglect among maltreatment subtypes, and its association with exposure to additional environmental adversity, understanding the processes that potentiate child neglect and link neglect to subsequent child externalizing psychopathology may shed light on key targets for preventive intervention. Among 170 urban low-income children (ages 4-9) and their mothers, this 5-year prospective study examined the effects of early neglect severity and maternal substance abuse, as well as neighborhood crime, on children's later externalizing behavior problems. Severity of child neglect (up to age 6 years) mediated the relation between maternal drug dependence diagnosis (MDDD), determined at children's age of 4 years, and children's externalizing behavior problems at age 9. Rates of neighborhood crime mediated the link between presence of child neglect and children's externalizing behavior problems. The roles of MDDD, child neglect, and community violence in the development of child psychopathology are discussed in terms of their implications for intervention.
    Child Maltreatment 11/2012; 18(1). DOI:10.1177/1077559512464119 · 2.77 Impact Factor
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