Malignant struma Ovarii - A case report and review of the literature

Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Women's Health, Bronx, NY 10461, USA.
Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation (Impact Factor: 1.25). 02/2008; 65(2):104-7. DOI: 10.1159/000108654
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Struma ovarii is a rare monodermal ovarian teratoma composed predominantly of mature thyroid tissue. Of these cases, 5-8% are clinically hyperthyroid and 5-10% of these tumors are malignant.
A 53-year-old female presented with a 19 x 5 x 5 cm pelvic mass that was treated with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, pelvic and para-aortic lymph node sampling, omentectomy and appendectomy and staging for an ovarian tumor. There was no evidence of distant metastases or lymph node invasion. Re-evaluation of the patient after surgery revealed that she was clinically euthyroid and there was no thyroid malignancy. Histopathology revealed papillary thyroid carcinoma arising in struma ovarii (malignant struma ovarii).
Malignant struma ovarii is a very rare malignant ovarian teratoma. In young patients unilateral oophorectomy and complete surgical staging should be considered when the tumor is confined to the one ovary (stage Ia). Long-term follow-up for the detection of metastases or tumor recurrence by serial serum thyroglobulin and (131)I scan or positron emission tomography/computed tomography may be required in selected patients with this rare tumor.

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    04/2010; 31(2). DOI:10.4038/sljog.v31i2.1761
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    ABSTRACT: Struma ovarii is an ovarian teratoma, represented in more than 50% by thyroid tissue. Five percent of struma ovarii cases have been proven to be malignant and, as in the thyroid gland, papillary thyroid carcinoma is the most common histotype arising in struma ovarii. Because of the unusual occurrence of this tumor, its management and follow-up after pelvic surgery is still controversial. Usually, total thyroidectomy followed by radioiodine treatment is the choice treatment in metastatic malignant struma ovarii, while these procedures are still controversial in non-metastatic thyroid cancer arising in struma ovarii. We report a female with follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma arising in struma ovarii. After pelvic surgery, thyroid morphofunctional examinations were performed and a single nodular lesion in the left lobe was discovered. The patient underwent total thyroidectomy and histological examination showed a papillary carcinoma. Radioiodine-ablation of residual thyroid tissue was performed and levothyroxine mildly-suppressive treatment was started. A more aggressive treatment should not be denied for malignant struma ovarii without any evidence, even when apparently confined into the ovary. However, in selected cases, aggressive treatment may be advisable to decrease the risk of recurrence and to allow an accurate follow-up.
    01/2015; 13(1):e18220. DOI:10.5812/ijem.18220
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    ABSTRACT: Struma ovarii are specialized form of mature ovarian teratoma comprised predominantly of thyroid tissue (>50%). Most of the struma ovarii are benign; rarely can they undergo malignant transformation. Elevated CA-125 levels with benign struma ovarii have been seen in only 5 cases in literature. The association of malignant struma ovarii and high CA-125 levels with pseudo-Meig syndrome has been reported in only 2 cases in English literature. We describe a case of a 46-year-old multigravida who presented with an abdominal mass and raised CA-125 levels. Radiological investigations revealed bilateral cystic adnexal masses with ossified elements on left side suggesting a teratoma. Intraoperative frozen section and final pathology revealed bilateral teratoma with follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma arising in the left ovary. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of malignant struma ovarii in combination with bilateral teratoma. The dilemmas related to preoperative diagnoses with elevated CA-125 levels, mimicking an epithelial ovarian neoplasm; intraoperative frozen section consultation; management and follow-up issues in this rare malignancy are discussed.
    Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology 07/2011; 54(3):578-80. DOI:10.4103/0377-4929.85098 · 0.64 Impact Factor