Longitudinal Patterns of Breakfast Eating in Black and White Adolescent Girls*

Northeastern University, Department of Counseling Psychology, 203 Lake Hall, 360 Huntington Ave., Boston, MA 02115-5000, USA.
Obesity (Impact Factor: 4.39). 10/2007; 15(9):2282-92. DOI: 10.1038/oby.2007.271
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The objective was to describe the pattern of breakfast eating over time ("breakfast history") and examine its associations with BMI and physical activity.
This longitudinal investigation of patterns of breakfast eating included 1,210 black and 1,161 white girls who participated in the 10-year, longitudinal National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Growth and Health Study (NGHS). Three-day food records were collected during annual visits beginning at ages 9 or 10 up to age 19. Linear regression and path analysis were used to estimate the associations between breakfast history, BMI, and physical activity.
Among girls with a high BMI at baseline, those who ate breakfast more often had lower BMI at the end of the study (age 19), compared with those who ate breakfast less often. Path analysis indicated that energy intake and physical activity mediated the association between patterns of breakfast eating over time and BMI in late adolescence.
The association between regular breakfast consumption over time and moderation of body weight among girls who began the study with relatively high BMI suggests that programs to address overweight in children and adolescents should emphasize the importance of physical activity and eating breakfast consistently.

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Available from: Sandra G Affenito, Oct 13, 2014
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    • "p < 2 0.05). Previous studies had also identified ethnicity, body weight status and eating companions as factors omission of breakfast (Pon et al., 2004; Moy et al., 2006; Albertson et al., 2007; Neumark-Sztainer et al., 2007; Boutelle et al., 2002). For instance, overweight adolescents were more likely to skip one or more meals Table 4: Distribution of participants by location and frequency of eating away from home (n=407) Participant (%) Eat at hawker centers, coffee shops or other food stalls Never/ Less than once a month "
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    ABSTRACT: This study examined eating behaviors among female adolescents. A total of 407 female students aged between 13-19 years were randomly selected from two secondary schools in Kuantan district, Pahang, Malaysia. All participants were required to complete a self-administered Eating Behaviors Questionnaire and their weight and height were measured by the researchers. A majority of the participants were Malays (65.3%), followed by Chinese (28.3%) and Indians (6.4%). There were 5.9% underweight participants, 75.4% were normal-weight and 18.7% were overweight. About one third (35.9%) never skipped any of the daily three meals, but another half (52.6%) skipped at least one meal a day and the remaining (11.5%) had even skipped all three meals in a day. The most frequently missed meals were breakfast (47.4%). Half (51.4%) snacked between meals daily and three in four (76.9%) had their meals with family members. No differences were found between the socio-demographic variables (age, household members, parent’s total year of schooling, parental monthly income and living arrangement) and meal skipping behaviors. However, those who usually skipped meals were those who usually eat alone (Chi<sup>2 </sup>= 16.933, p < 0.0001), overweight (Chi<sup>2 </sup>= 15.943, p < 0.05) and were Malays (Chi<sup>2 </sup>= 33.827, p < 0.05). In conclusion, meal skipping, snacking and practicing various weight loss behaviors were some of the unhealthy eating behaviors depicted among adolescent girls. Focusing on promotion of healthy eating that stresses on the importance of regular intakes of main meals during adolescence is crucial for their current and future health and well-being.
    Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 04/2009; 8(4). DOI:10.3923/pjn.2009.425.432
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    ABSTRACT: En este trabajo se analizó, utilizando el path analysis, la relación entre la actividad física no reglada, actividad física deportiva, el ocio sedentario, las horas de sueño y el índice de masa corporal (IMC). Participaron una muestra de 103 alumnos, 59 chicas y 44 chicos, de cuarto de primaria con una edad comprendida entre los 9 y los 10 años y medio. Se realizó una entrevista individual en la que se preguntaba a los niños los programas que veían en la televisión cada uno de los días de la semana y los juegos con los que jugaban en la consola y el ordenador, el tiempo dedicado a los deportes, juegos y actividades extraescolares. Los resultados pusieron de manifiesto que el ocio sedentario (número de horas de televisión, ordenador y consola) mantiene una relación significativa e inversa con las horas de sueño, la actividad no reglada (horas de juego y actividades extraescolares) y la actividad física deportiva. Las diferencias entre este modelo y el que se ha obtenido en estudios previos se discuten a partir del procedimiento de reclutamiento de los participantes.
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