Two-year prospective longitudinal study exploring the factors associated with change in femoral cartilage volume in a cohort largely without knee radiographic osteoarthritis.

Menzies Research Institute, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Australia.
Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (Impact Factor: 4.66). 04/2008; 16(4):443-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.joca.2007.08.009
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To identify factors associated with change in femoral cartilage volume over 2 years in a cohort largely without knee radiographic osteoarthritis.
A total of 252 subjects (mean 45 years, range 28-60) were used for this study. T1-weighted fat saturation magnetic resonance imaging was performed at baseline and approximately 2 years later. Knee femoral condyle cartilage volume, femoral cartilage defect (0-4 scale) and tibial bone size were determined.
The total femoral cartilage volume loss was 6.3% for the 2.3-year period. Factors associated with this annual change were female gender (females vs males: -1.69%, P<0.01), age (over vs under 40 years: -0.96%, P=0.01), smoking (beta: -0.04% per pack-years, P<0.01), as well as lower limb muscle strength (r: +0.32, P<0.01) and its change (beta: +0.34% per quartile, P<0.05). Structural factors associated with change included baseline femoral cartilage volume (beta: -0.36% per ml, P<0.01), femoral cartilage defects (beta: +1.07% per grade, P<0.01), tibial bone area (beta: +0.13% per cm(2), P<0.05), lateral osteophytes (beta: -1.91% per grade, P<0.01) and change in femoral cartilage defects (beta: -0.8% per grade, P<0.001).
This study provides evidence confirming that significant risk factors are associated with femoral cartilage loss and these include gender (female), age, smoking, and severity of lower limb muscle weakness. It also supports the hypothesis that femoral cartilage swelling reflected by an increased baseline cartilage volume could be a predictor of disease progression. Our findings also provide interesting clues to implement preventive measures that can possibly prevent or reduce knee cartilage loss.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This review covers the evidence relating to lifestye modification in the big three musculoskeletal conditions: osteoarthritis, osteoporosis and rheumatoid arthritis. Lifestyle is of considerable importance in the first two and there is emerging evidence for rheumatoid arthritis despite it not traditionally being considered a lifestyle disease.
    Bailli&egrave re s Best Practice and Research in Clinical Rheumatology 08/2014; 28(3). DOI:10.1016/j.berh.2014.07.004 · 3.06 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The geometry of the lateral tibial slope (LTS) plays an important role in the overall biomechanics of the knee. Through this study, we aim to assess the impact of LTS on cartilage degeneration in the knee. A retrospective analysis of 93 knee MRI scans (1.5 T or 3 T) for patients aged 20-45 years with no history of trauma or knee surgery, and absence of internal derangement. The LTS was calculated using the circle method. Chondropathy was graded from 0 (normal) to 3 (severe). Linear regression analysis was used for statistical analysis (p < 0.05). In our cohort of patients, a statistically significant association was seen between increasing LTS and worsening cartilage degenerative changes in the medial patellar articular surface and the lateral tibial articular surface (p < 0.05). There was no statistically significant association between increasing LTS and worsening chondropathy of the lateral patellar, medial trochlea, lateral trochlea, medial femoral, lateral femoral, and medial tibial articular surfaces. Our results show a statistically significant association between increasing LTS and worsening cartilage degenerative changes in the medial patella and the lateral tibial plateau. We speculate that increased LTS may result in increased femoral glide over the lateral tibial plateau with subsequent increased external rotation of the femur predisposing to patellofemoral articular changes. Future arthroscopic studies are needed to further confirm our findings.
    Skeletal Radiology 01/2014; 43(4). DOI:10.1007/s00256-013-1800-7 · 1.74 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Introduction Quadriceps heads are important in biomechanical stabilization and in the pathogenesis osteoarthritis of the knee. This is the first study to explore the relative distribution of quadriceps head anatomical cross-sectional areas (ACSA) and volumes, and their response to pain and to training intervention. Methods The relative proportions of quadriceps heads were determined in 48 Osteoarthritis Initiative participants with unilateral pain (65% women; age 45-78y).Quadriceps head volumes were also measured in 35 untrained women (45-55y) before and after 12 week training intervention. Cross-sectional areas of the vastus medialis (VM), inter-medius (VIM), and lateralis (VL), and of the rectus femoris (RF) were determined from axial T1-weighted MR images. Results The proportion of the VM on the total quadriceps ACSA increased from proximal to distal. The difference in quadriceps ACSA of painful (vs. pain-free) limbs was -5.4% for the VM (p < 0.001), -6.8% for the VL (p < 0.01), -2.8% for the VIM (p = 0.06), and +3.4% for the RF (p = 0.67) but the VM/VL ratio was not significantly altered. The muscle volume increase during training intervention was +4.2% (p < 0.05) for VM, +1.3% for VL, +2.0% for VIM (p < 0.05) and +1.6% for RF. Conclusion The proportion of quadriceps head relative to total muscle ACSA and volume depends on the anatomical level studied. The results suggest that there may be a differential response of the quadriceps heads to pain-induced atrophy and to training-related hypertrophy. Studies in larger samples are needed to ascertain whether the observed differences in response to pain and training are statistically and clinically significant.
    Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger 12/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.aanat.2014.07.005 · 2.08 Impact Factor