Evaluation of candidate methylation markers to detect cervical neoplasia

Hamon Center for Therapeutic Oncology Research, Department of Pathology, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75930, USA.
Gynecologic Oncology (Impact Factor: 3.69). 01/2008; 107(3):549-53. DOI: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2007.08.057
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Studies of cervical cancer and its immediate precursor, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 3 (CIN3), have identified genes that often show aberrant DNA methylation and therefore represent candidate early detection markers. We used quantitative PCR assays to evaluate methylation in five candidate genes (TNFRSF10C, DAPK1, SOCS3, HS3ST2 and CDH1) previously demonstrated as methylated in cervical cancer.
In this analysis, we performed methylation assays for the five candidate genes in 45 invasive cervical cancers, 12 histologically normal cervical specimens, and 23 liquid-based cervical cytology specimens confirmed by expert review as unequivocal demonstrating cytologic high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions, thus representing the counterparts of histologic CIN3.
We found hypermethylation of HS3ST2 in 93% of cancer tissues and 70% of cytology specimens interpreted as CIN3; hypermethylation of CDH1 was found in 89% of cancers and 26% of CIN3 cytology specimens. Methylation of either HS3ST2 or CDH1 was observed in 100% of cervical cancer tissues and 83% of CIN3 cytology specimens. None of the five genes showed detectable methylation in normal cervical tissues.
Our data support further evaluation of HS3ST2 and CDH1 methylation as potential markers of cervical cancer and its precursor lesions.

Download full-text


Available from: Sophia Wang, Jun 30, 2015
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cancer-associated epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is crucial for invasion and metastasis. Molecular hallmarks of EMT include down-regulation of the epithelial adhesion protein E-cadherin and de-novo expression of N-cadherin and the mesenchymal intermediate filament proteins vimentin and fibronectin. Expression of HPV16 E7 in normal human epithelial cells caused increased levels of vimentin and fibronectin, whereas the epithelial adhesion protein E-cadherin was expressed at decreased levels. Similar expression patterns of vimentin, fibronectin and E-cadherin were also detected in cells expressing HPV16 E6 and E7 or the entire HPV16 early transcriptional unit. HPV16 E6 and E7 were each able to induce N-cadherin expression. Interestingly, these changes in expression levels of EMT-associated proteins are not similarly reflected at the level of mRNA expression, suggesting that HPV16 oncoproteins also modulate EMT through non-transcriptional mechanisms. Hence, HPV16 oncoproteins may contribute to malignant progression through EMT induction.
    Virology 07/2009; 391(1):57-63. DOI:10.1016/j.virol.2009.05.036 · 3.28 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Patients with endometrial hyperplasia representing preliminary stages of endometrial cancer have shown to respond to therapy in 100% of the cases when treated with levonorgestrel-impregnated intrauterine device. Anti-proliferative effect has also been reported after application of an anti-progestin impregnated intrauterine device which showed to induce endometrial atrophy. The intention of the present study was to obtain more information of novel therapeutic targets for hormonal treatment in endometrial hyperplasia and endometrial cancers. Gene expression of signaling pathways after stimulation of Ishikawa cells with high doses of progesterone (32 microM) or Mifepristone (32 microM) was performed. After using an oligo microarrays representing 24,650 human genes and 37,580 gene transcripts, 6154 genes remained after pre-processing and filtering. This resulted in a total of 993 up-regulated genes with 189 genes for progesterone and 255 genes for Mifepristone. The 550 down-regulated genes were distributed with 256 genes for progesterone, 127 genes for RU 486. The results showed that genes presenting the epidermal growth factor (EGF)/MAP-kinase pathway were significantly over-represented by progesterone treatment, whereas, by Mifepristone treatment genes involved in the p53 pathway were also up-regulated (data not shown). These genes may be interesting as potential new therapeutic targets in endometrial hyperplasia and endometrial cancer, as candidate genes for therapy response or as candidate markers for tumor progression.
    The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 01/2009; 113(1-2):139-49. DOI:10.1016/j.jsbmb.2008.12.003 · 4.05 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: DNA methylation regulates gene expression primarily through modification of chromatin structure. Global methylation studies have revealed biologically relevant patterns of DNA methylation in the human genome affecting sequences such as gene promoters, gene bodies, and repetitive elements. Disruption of normal methylation patterns and subsequent gene expression changes have been observed in several diseases especially in human cancers. Immunoprecipitation (IP)-based methods to evaluate methylation status of DNA have been instrumental in such genome-wide methylation studies. This review describes techniques commonly used to identify and quantify methylated DNA with emphasis on IP based platforms. In an effort to consolidate the wealth of information and highlight critical aspects of methylated DNA analysis, sample considerations, experimental and bioinformatic approaches for analyzing genome-wide methylation profiles, and the benefit of integrating DNA methylation data with complementary dimensions of genomic data are discussed.
    Journal of Cellular Physiology 01/2009; 222(3):522-31. DOI:10.1002/jcp.22009 · 3.87 Impact Factor