Survival estimates for patients with Machado-Joseph disease (SCA3).

Medical Genetics Service, Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
Clinical Genetics (Impact Factor: 3.65). 12/2007; 72(6):543-5. DOI: 10.1111/j.1399-0004.2007.00910.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Machado-Joseph disease (MJD), one of the most prevalent autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxias, is a neurodegenerative disease that starts during adulthood, with patients showing difficulties in gait, later becoming bedridden, and ultimately presenting premature death. There is, however, scarce data quantifying disease impact on patient survival. We investigated the overall survival of a large series of MJD patients and compared it with the survival of their asymptomatic relatives. A total of 412 affected and 413 unaffected individuals were ascertained from a consecutive sample of 82 families with a molecular diagnosis of MJD. Estimated mean survival time was 63.96 years [95% confidence interval (CI), 62.09-65.83] for the affected group and 78.61 years (95% CI, 74.75-82.47) for the unaffected group (p < 0.001). For a subset of 366 patients, mean age at onset was 36.37 years (95% CI, 35.21-37.53) and survival after disease onset was estimated as 21.18 years. Early onset and large CAG length predicted shorter overall survival times. This study presents quantitative data on the impact of MJD on overall survival, a phenomenon that is related to CAG length, age at onset, and year of birth.

Download full-text


Available from: Maria-Luiza Saraiva-Pereira, Jul 05, 2015
1 Follower
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We use a general theory of interaction of a relativistic electron beam (REB) with a field of modes E<sub>oi</sub> of an irregular waveguide. On the basis of this theory we receive the one-dimensional self-consistent nonlinear equations of relativistic Cherenkov oscillators: reflecting travelling wave tubes (RTWT) and backward-wave oscillators (BWO). Then by partial optimization of parameters and profiles of regular or irregular corrugated waveguides the high-efficiency variants of oscillators are found for λ=3cm
    Vacuum Electronics Conference, 2000. Abstracts. International; 02/2000
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs) are characterized by a heterogeneous set of clinical manifestations. Our aims were to assess the neurological features of SCA3, and to describe and test the feasibility, reliability, and validity of a comprehensive Neurological Examination Score for Spinocerebellar Ataxia (NESSCA). The NESSCA was administered to molecularly diagnosed SCA3 patients at an outpatient neurogenetics clinic. The scale, based on the standardized neurological examination, consisted of 18 items that yielded a total score ranging from 0 to 40. The score's interrater reliability and internal consistency were investigated, and a principal components analysis and a correlation with external measures were performed. Ninety-nine individuals were evaluated. Interrater reliability ranged from 0.8 to 1 across individual items (P < 0.001); internal consistency, indicated by Cronbach's alpha, was 0.77. NESSCA scores were significantly correlated with measures of disease severity: disease stage (rho = 0.76, P < 0.001), duration (rho = 0.56, P < 0.001), and length of CAG repeat (rho = 0.30, P < 0.05). NESSCA was a reliable measure for the assessment of distinct neurological deficits in SCA3 patients. Global scores correlated with all external variables tested, showing NESSCA to be a comprehensive measure of disease severity that is both clinically useful and scientifically valid.
    European Journal of Neurology 04/2008; 15(4):371-6. DOI:10.1111/j.1468-1331.2008.02078.x
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Machado-Joseph disease or spinocerebellar ataxia 3 (MJD/SCA3) is a clinically heterogeneous, neurodegenerative disorder characterized by varying degrees of ataxia, ophthalmoplegia, peripheral neuropathy, pyramidal dysfunction and movement disorder. MJD/SCA3 is caused by a CAG repeat expansion mutation in the protein coding region of the ATXN3 gene located at chromosome 14q32.1. Current hypotheses regarding pathogenesis favor the view that mutated ataxin-3, with its polyglutamine expansion, is prone to adopt an abnormal conformation, engage in altered protein-protein interactions and aggregate. Expanded CAG repeat length correlates with the range and severity of the clinical manifestations and inversely correlates with age of disease onset. Though MJD/SCA3 is classically described as affecting the cerebellum, brainstem and basal ganglia, recent neuropathology and neuroimaging series demonstrate involvement of other areas such as the thalamus and cerebral cortex. Clinically, much emphasis has been placed in the description and recognition of the non-motor symptoms observed in these patients, such as pain, cramps, fatigue and depression. Currently, no disease modifying treatment exists for MJD/SCA3. Standard of care includes genetic counseling, exercise/physical therapy programs, and speech and swallow evaluation. Symptomatic treatment for clinical findings such as depression, sleep disorders, parkinsonism, dystonia, cramps, and pain is important to improve the quality of life for those with MJD/SCA3.
    Parkinsonism & Related Disorders 10/2009; 16(1):2-7. DOI:10.1016/j.parkreldis.2009.08.012