Effects of latanoprost, timolol and GLC756, a novel dopamine D(2) agonist and D(1) antagonist on LTC(4) release after rat mast cell activation.

Department of Toxicology/Pathology, Novartis Pharma AG, Basel, Switzerland.
Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology (Impact Factor: 1.96). 01/2007; 35(7):645-50. DOI:10.1111/j.1442-9071.2007.01560.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Mast cells participate in ocular allergic inflammation by releasing biologically active mediators. Leukotrienes are released from activated mast cells via an IgE-dependent mechanism, and play a crucial role in ocular allergic inflammation. In this study, the effect of three topical antiglaucoma drugs, that is, latanoprost, timolol and GLC756, a novel dopamine D(2) agonist and D(1) antagonist, on leukotriene C(4) (LTC(4)) release after rat mast cell activation was examined.
A rat basophilic leukaemia RBL-2H3 mast cell line was activated via IgE/anti-IgE. Rat mast cells were incubated with latanoprost, timolol, or GLC756 at concentrations of 0.1, 1, 10 and 30 microM. LTC(4) concentration in supernatant was assessed 5 h post activation by EIA.
Compared with controls, timolol showed no relevant effect on LTC(4) release, 5 h after mast cell activation. Latanoprost and GLC756, in contrast, revealed an inhibitory effect on LTC(4) release, which was dose-related and statistically significant at the concentrations of 10 and 30 microM.
The results of this study suggest that timolol has no significant influence on LTC(4) release from activated mast cells. By contrast, latanoprost and GLC756 inhibited LTC(4) release, suggesting a possible anti-inflammatory effect on ocular allergic inflammatory processes in topical glaucoma medication.

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