Optimization and validation of a fully-integrated pulse sequence for modified Look-Locker inversion-recovery (MOLLI) T1 mapping of the heart

Cardiac MRI Unit, Franz-Volhard-Klinik, Charité Campus Buch, Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Helios-Klinikum Berlin, Germany.
Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (Impact Factor: 2.79). 10/2007; 26(4):1081-6. DOI: 10.1002/jmri.21119
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To optimize and validate a fully-integrated version of modified Look-Locker inversion-recovery (MOLLI) for clinical single-breathhold cardiac T1 mapping.
A MOLLI variant allowing direct access to all pulse sequence parameters was implemented on a 1.5T MR system. Varying four critical sequence parameters, MOLLI was performed in eight gadolinium-doped agarose gel phantoms at different simulated heart rates. T1 values were derived for each variant and compared to nominal T1 values. Based on the results, MOLLI was performed in midcavity short-axis views of 20 healthy volunteers pre- and post-Gd-DTPA.
In phantoms, a readout flip angle of 35 degrees , minimum TI of 100 msec, TI increment of 80 msec, and use of three pausing heart cycles allowed for most accurate and least heart rate-dependent T1 measurements. Using this pulse sequence scheme in humans, T1 relaxation times in normal myocardium were comparable to data from previous studies, and showed narrow ranges both pre- and postcontrast without heart rate dependency.
We present an optimized implementation of MOLLI for fast T1 mapping with high spatial resolution, which can be integrated into routine imaging protocols. T1 accuracy is superior to the original set of pulse sequence parameters and heart rate dependency is avoided.

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    • "" Conventional MOLLI " , based on the optimised original MOLLI sequence,[2] was chosen as a standard for comparisons—to evaluate any improvements relative to this widely reported method. The sequence consisted of three IR blocks, in a 3b(3b)3b(3b)5b arrangement, with b's indicating images were acquired one-per-beat, with a three beat pause between consecutive IR blocks. "
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