Focal F-18 fluoro-deoxy-glucose accumulation in the lung parenchyma in the absence of CT abnormality in PET/CT.
ABSTRACT To demonstrate 3 cases of artifactual focal F-18 fluoro-deoxy-glucose accumulation in the lung parenchyma in the absence of any computed tomographic (CT) abnormality.
Three patients were examined: a 30-year-old man who had a positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography for restaging a biopsy-proven recurrence of head and neck cancer, a 68-year-old woman who was referred for initial staging of esophageal carcinoma, and a 57-year-old man who had a PET/computed tomography for initial staging of melanoma. In each case, there was intense focal activity in the lung parenchyma with no corresponding CT abnormality. Each patient was further evaluated with a repeat PET scan in days 1 and 3 in the first 2 cases and with a delayed repeat acquisition in the third case. Patients were followed for 24, 10, and 1 month, respectively.
In the first 2 cases, the abnormal focal activity in the lungs had resolved in the repeat study. In the third case, the focus of increased activity in the lung had moved more peripherally in the delayed acquisition. Clinical follow-up was negative for disease in the corresponding pulmonary parenchymal sites.
The finding of significant focal accumulation of fluoro-deoxy-glucose in the lung parenchyma in the absence of corresponding CT abnormality was artifactual. This was likely due to injection technique and the creation of particulate embolus. Positron emission tomography/Computed tomographic readers should be aware of this type of artifact to avoid misinterpretation.
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ABSTRACT: State-of-the-art techniques have been used to measure key aspects of cardiovascular pathophysiology from the birth of radionuclide cardiovascular imaging. However, during the last 30 years, there have been few innovative imaging advances to further our understanding of the complex physiologic processes. Molecular imaging now offers an array of tools to develop advanced diagnostic approaches and therapies for patients with coronary artery disease and heart failure. For example, the enhanced understanding of the pathophysiology of atheroma makes it possible to identify vulnerable plaque based on its metabolic signature or the presence of excessive apoptosis. Because the metabolic and apoptotic signals are large, it is likely that even small lesions will be visible. Of the many approaches that are being developed, 2 tracers appear most likely to be tested in the near future: (1) [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose, to determine macrophage metabolism; and (2) radiolabeled annexin, to measure apoptosis of the inflammatory cells. Using existing techniques such as perfusion imaging, appropriate patients can be selected for treatment with novel therapies, such as stem cell transplantation or vascular gene therapy. Using positron tomography in place of single photon imaging adds the capability for the measurement of absolute perfusion and perfusion reserve to the information on regional perfusion. Flow reserve detects global decreases in perfusion and refines the determination of lesion severity available from perfusion imaging.Seminars in Nuclear Medicine 02/2004; 34(1):47-55. · 3.82 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We sought to determine the frequency and significance of axillary lymph node visualization on bone scans performed with diphosphonates. Consecutive 99mTc-methylene diphosphonate (99mTc-MDP) bone scans (2435) were inspected for axillary soft-tissue uptake. In positive cases, the results of physical examination, correlative imaging studies and serial bone scans were recorded, as was the site of venipuncture. Forty-eight studies (2%) showed axillary uptake ipsilateral to the injection site. Extravasation of tracer, documented by focal activity near the injection site, was present in every case. There was no association with axillary adenopathy, mass, induration or radiographically visible calcification. On some images, foci adjacent to the axilla were superimposed on the rib, scapula, or humerus. The bone-to-background ratio was frequently reduced; repeat imaging after 1-2 hr usually improved osseous detail. Ipsilateral axillary lymph node visualization due to extravasation of 99mTc-MDP is frequently associated with additional foci superimposed on osseous structures simulating pathology. Delayed skeletal uptake is common in such cases and necessitates a greater time interval between injection and imaging.Journal of Nuclear Medicine 11/1995; 36(10):1797-9. · 5.77 Impact Factor