Expression analysis of kidney-specific cadherin in a wide spectrum of traditional and newly recognized renal epithelial neoplasms: diagnostic and histogenetic implications.
ABSTRACT Kidney-specific cadherin (Ksp-cad) is a membrane-associated cell adhesion glycoprotein expressed by the distal nephron tubular cells in its later developmental stages. Chromophobe renal cell carcinoma and renal oncocytoma are reported to be variably positive for Ksp-cad with some studies suggesting a discriminatory role for Ksp-cad. Immunoreactivity in other tumors with granular eosinophilic cytoplasm including clear cell and papillary renal cell carcinomas needs to be clearly elucidated and its expression in emerging novel and other unusual renal epithelial neoplasm subtypes including tumors with uncertain histogenesis is not yet known. In this study, we performed a detailed immunohistochemical analysis for Ksp-cad in a broad range of 136 renal epithelial neoplasms. Reactivity with Ksp-cad was observed in the following tumors: chromophobe renal cell carcinoma [23/25 (92%), diffuse (>50% of tumor cells)] positivity and membranous characteristically accentuating the "plant cell-like" histomorphology of the typical (clear) type, renal oncocytoma [15/20 (75%), usually diffuse staining with predominantly membranous accentuation], papillary renal cell carcinoma [5/17 (29%) all focal to moderate, eosinophilic type or type 2-3/7 (43%), basophilic type or type 1-2/10 (20%)], Xp11 translocation carcinoma [1/4 (25%), diffuse positivity] and clear cell renal cell carcinoma [6/36 (17%) all focal, clear cell renal cell carcinoma with prominent eosinophilic cells 1/7 (14%)]. Immunoreactivity was higher when evaluating whole histologic sections than with tissue microarrays for both chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (100% vs. 60%) and renal oncocytoma (100% vs. 55%). No immunoreactivity was observed in mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinomas (0/23), high-grade collecting duct carcinomas (of Bellini) (0/3), renal medullary carcinomas (0/2), and urothelial carcinomas (0/6). Our study documents the immunoreactivity of Ksp-cad in the range of contemporarily classified renal epithelial neoplasms. The findings argue against the use of Ksp-cad in differentiating chromophobe renal cell carcinoma and renal oncocytomas and further support their relationship to the distal nephron. Ksp-cad may be helpful in distinguishing these two tumor types from clear cell renal cell carcinoma with prominent eosinophilic cells particularly in cases with limited tissue samples (ie, needle core biopsy). In the similar diagnostic setting, caution must be exercised, however, in differentiating chromophobe renal cell carcinoma and renal oncocytoma from the eosinophilic variant of papillary renal cell carcinoma as moderate expression of Ksp-cad may be observed in papillary renal cell carcinoma. The histogenesis of mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma remains debatable as this tumor does not express Ksp-cad, which is highly expressed normally in the thick ascending loop of Henle and the distal convoluted tubules. In conclusion, Ksp-cad is a useful tumor type associated marker for distinguishing chromophobe renal cell carcinoma and renal oncocytoma from the wide range of nonintercalated cell-related adult renal epithelial neoplasms; addition of this marker to a panel comprised of other histologic subtype-associated markers may greatly facilitate histologic subclassification of adult renal epithelial neoplasms.
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ABSTRACT: Metanephric adenoma (MA) is a rare benign renal neoplasm that shares morphologic and immunophenotypic overlap with epithelial-predominant Wilms tumor (e-WT) and with the solid variant of papillary renal cell carcinoma (s-PRCC). Cadherin 17 (CDH17) is expressed primarily in the normal intestine and digestive tract tumors and has not been detected in tumors from other sites including the kidney. We investigated the diagnostic utility of CDH17 in differentiating between MA, e-WT, and s-PRCC. Immunohistochemical analysis for CDH17, CD57, AMACR, WT-1, and CDX2 was performed on 17 e-WTs, 15 s-PRCCs, and 21 MAs and assessed on the basis of a combined score of extent and intensity. Normal adult kidney parenchyma was negative for CDH17 staining. CDH17 was expressed in the late stages of fetal kidney development at the junction of the glomerular space and proximal nephron. The majority of MAs (81%) demonstrated membranous CDH17 immunoreactivity in all components (acinar, tubular, and papillary), whereas all cases of e-WTs and s-PRCCs were negative (P<0.0001). WT-1 was negative in s-PRCC and was positive in all cases of e-WT and MA. All MAs were strongly positive for CD57; however, this marker was also moderate to strongly positive in 6 (35%) e-WTs and 2 (13%) s-PRCCs. AMACR was strongly positive in all s-PRCCs, but moderate reactivity was seen in 3 (17%) e-WTs and 2 MAs (10%). CDH17 is a sensitive (81%) and highly specific (100%) marker for MA and should be considered in the immunohistochemistry panel for distinguishing MA from its mimics.American Journal of Surgical Pathology 04/2015; 39(4):479-486. DOI:10.1097/PAS.0000000000000401 · 4.59 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Renal cell carcinomas (RCCs) harboring the t(6;11)(p21;q12) translocation were first described in 2001 and recently recognized by the 2013 International Society of Urological Pathology Vancouver Classification of Renal Neoplasia. Although these RCCs are known to label for melanocytic markers HMB45 and Melan A and the cysteine protease cathepsin K by immunohistochemistry (IHC), a comprehensive IHC profile has not been reported. We report 10 new t(6;11) RCCs, all confirmed by break-apart TFEB fluorescence in situ hybridization. A tissue microarray containing 6 of these cases and 7 other previously reported t(6;11) RCCs was constructed and immunolabeled for 21 different antigens. Additional whole sections of t(6;11) RCC were labeled with selected IHC markers. t(6;11) RCC labeled diffusely and consistently for cathepsin K and Melan A (13 of 13 cases) and almost always at least focally for HMB45 (12 of 13 cases). They labeled frequently for PAX8 (14 of 23 cases), CD117 (10 of 14 cases), and vimentin (9 of 13 cases). A majority of cases labeled at least focally for cytokeratin Cam5.2 (8 of 13 cases) and CD10 and RCC marker antigen (10 of 14 cases each). In contrast to a prior study's findings, only a minority of cases labeled for Ksp-cadherin (3 of 19 cases). The median H score (product of intensity score and percentage labeling) for phosphorylated S6, a marker of mTOR pathway activation, was 101, which is high relative to most other RCC subtypes. In summary, IHC labeling for PAX8, Cam5.2, CD10, and RCC marker antigen supports classification of the t(6;11) RCC as carcinomas despite frequent negativity for broad-spectrum cytokeratins and EMA. Labeling for PAX8 distinguishes the t(6;11) RCC from epithelioid angiomyolipoma, which otherwise shares a similar immunoprofile. CD117 labeling is more frequent in the t(6;11) RCC compared with the related Xp11 translocation RCC. Increased pS6 expression suggests a possible molecular target for the uncommon t(6;11) RCCs that metastasize.The American journal of surgical pathology 03/2014; DOI:10.1097/PAS.0000000000000203 · 4.59 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Recent studies have shown that tumor cell adhesion molecules CD44 and matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-2) are expressed strongly in many tumors and associated closely with invasion and metastasis of these tumors. Although solitary fibrous tumors (SFT) have a good prognosis, a minority behave malignantly. The aim of this study was to analyze the correlation between CD44 and MMP-2 expression with histopathological parameters in SFT. Haemotaxylin-Eosin stained sections of 10 patients with SFT were reexamined for evaluation of histopathological parameters. Immunostaining of CD44 and MMP-2 was performed by using the streptavidin-biotin method with mouse monoclonal antibody. Our cases consisted of three male and seven female patients with a mean age of 54.5 years. Three patients had a history of asbest exposure. Complete resection was performed in 2 malignant (multiple masses) and 8 benign SFT cases. One intrapulmonary tumor was treated with pneumonectomy. 3 cases originated from the right and 7 from the left hemithorax. Tumor size ranged from 5 to 27cm. All cases expressed strong CD44. Only 2 malignant SFT and intrapulmonary SFT expressed focal MMP-2. Although MMP-2 positivity was observed in 2 malignant cases, CD44 positivity was not associated with malignancy criteria in solitary fibrous tumors.Turk Patoloji Dergisi 05/2011; 27(2):127-33. DOI:10.5146/tjpath.2011.01060