Sorption and desorption of radiocobalt on montmorillonite--effects of pH, ionic strength and fulvic acid.
ABSTRACT Humic substances and clay minerals have been studied extensively in radioactive waste management. In our research, the sorption and desorption of radiocobalt on montmorillonite in the presence and absence of fulvic acid as a function of pH and ionic strength were investigated under ambient conditions by using batch techniques. The results indicate that the sorption of cobalt is strongly dependent on pH values and independent of ionic strength. Surface complexation rather than cation exchange is considered as the main mechanism of cobalt sorption to montmorillonite. The presence of fulvic acid enhances cobalt sorption obviously at pH values<8. The desorption behavior changes of surface-sorbed cobalt from montmorillonite were studied by decreasing pH values and the solution cobalt concentrations independently. The results indicated that the sorption of cobalt on montmorillonite is irreversible.
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ABSTRACT: To study the sorption behavior of Co(II) on soil and soil components such as birnessite, humic acid (HA) and their mixture, a series of experiment were conducted using the batch equilibrium technique on parameters such as equilibrium time, ionic strength, solution pH, and temperature. The soil samples collected from location near radioactive waste repository in Korea were used and birnessite was synthesized using a method by McKenzie for experiment. The experimental results indicate that Co sorption on soil, birnessite and soil with birnessite are strongly affected by the pH of solution. Typical for metal sorption to soils, the fraction of Co adsorbed increased as a function of pH at the experimental conditions. For sorption isotherm, the Freundlich equation provides a good fit for sorption on soil and soil with birnessite. Adsorption of HA on birnessite decreased with increase of pH, with a sharp decrease at pH 5–6. From Co sorption experiment in a ternary system of Co, birnessite, and HA, the presence of HA enhanced Co adsorption at pH below 6.5 and reduced the Co sorption at the intermediate and high pH.Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry 293(2). · 1.41 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The adsorption behavior of radiocobalt by Mg2Al layered double hydroxide (Mg2Al LDH) was studied as a function of contact time, pH, ionic strength, foreign ions, FA and temperature under ambient conditions. The results showed that the kinetic adsorption could be described by a pseudo-second order model very well. The adsorption of Co(II) on Mg2Al LDH was strongly dependent on pH and ionic strength. The presence of FA enhanced the adsorption of Co(II) on Mg2Al LDH at low pH, whereas reduced Co(II) adsorption at high pH. The Langmuir model fitted the adsorption isotherms of Co(II) better than the Freundlich and D–R model at three different temperatures of 303, 323 and 343 K. The thermodynamic parameters (ΔH°, ΔS° and ΔG°) calculated from the temperature dependent adsorption isotherms indicated that the adsorption process of Co(II) on Mg2Al LDH was endothermic and spontaneous. The results show that Mg2Al LDH is a promising material for the preconcentration and separation of pollutants from large volumes of aqueous solutions.Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry 295(2). · 1.41 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Montmorillonite and vermiculite as solid phases for the preconcentration of trace elements in natural waters: Adsorption and desorption studies of As, An evaluation of the feasibility of vermiculite and K10 montmorillonite for use as adsorbent in the separation and/or preconcentration of elements prior to their determination was performed for As, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb, Sr, V and Zn. The adsorption of elements onto both clay minerals was studied using a multi-element solu-tion in trace concentrations by batch technique, and no stirring under ambient conditions. Effects of adsorbent concentration, pH and ionic strength were also investigated. The desorption process of the previously adsorbed elements onto clay minerals was studied using HCl and HNO 3 as extractors. In general, the adsorbents exhibited excellent sorption properties for most of the elements. The content of adsorption obtained was higher than 70% for almost all cases. On average, at low salt concentration (b 0.05 mol L −1) the sorption efficiency was only slight-ly higher in montmorillonite when compared to vermiculite, however the reverse is true at high salt concentra-tion. The adsorption of metal ions onto vermiculite and montmorillonite reduces with decreasing pH and increasing ionic strength. An opposite behavior was observed in the adsorption of oxi-anionic species of arsenic and vanadium. The results of desorption experiments indicated that a single extraction with 1.0 mol L −1 HNO 3 or HCl was sufficient for the recovery of most elements with an average desorption of 82% and 90% for K10 mont-morillonite and vermiculite, respectively.Applied Clay Science 07/2014; 99:289. · 2.34 Impact Factor