Persönlichkeitsdiagnostik mit dem NEO−Fünf−Faktoren-Inventar: Die 30−Item−Kurzversion (NEO−FFI−30) [Personality diagnostics with the NEO−Five−Factor Inventory: The 30-Item-Short-Version (NEO-FFI-30)]

Die Institutsangaben sind am Ende des Beitrags gelistet.
PPmP - Psychotherapie · Psychosomatik · Medizinische Psychologie (Impact Factor: 1.02). 08/2008; 58(6):238-45. DOI: 10.1055/s-2007-986199
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Over these past years, German researchers have shown much interest for Costa and McCrae's five factor model as well as for their instrument: the NEO-Five-Factor Inventory . Nevertheless, results from a recent survey study using the German version of the NEO-FFI on a representative population sample (n = 1908) have reported problems to replicate the factor structure of the instrument. Insufficient psychometric indices of single items led to partly unsatisfactory scale values. A logical consequence of this was the development of a short version of the instrument with better psychometric properties. This article reports item and scale values of the NEO-FFI-30 for the German population sample. The five scales reach good internal consistency and are highly correlated with the original NEO-FFI scales. Furthermore, the influence of sociodemographic variables and correlations with the Giessentest appear to be very similar for both the original instrument and the short version. Moreover, the factor structure was replicated in an independent sample of 2508 adults. Results confirm the reliability, and factor and construct validity of this economic instrument without any significant loss in information.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There is hardly evidence on maintenance treatment with antidepressants in primary care. Nevertheless, depression guidelines recommend maintenance treatment i.e. treatment to prevent recurrences, in patients with high risk of recurrence, and many patients use maintenance treatment with antidepressants. This study explores the characteristics of patients on maintenance treatment with antidepressants in general practice, and compares these characteristics with guideline recommendations for maintenance treatment.
    PLoS ONE 05/2014; 9(5):e97463. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0097463 · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives: Especially older adults underutilize professional mental health services. However, little is known about the factors associated with older adults' attitudes towards seeking mental health services (ATSMHS). We therefore investigated a wide range of contextual (e.g. physical access, residence) and personal (e.g. perceived social support, life satisfaction, openness to experience) predictors of ATSMHS in a sample of older community-dwelling adults in Germany. We predicted that representations of old age as well as perceptions of (younger) psychotherapists would be uniquely important for determining ATSMHS. Method: A diverse sample of N = 156 older adults (Mage = 71.5 years, SD = 6.4, range: 60-92) completed questionnaire measures. We used hierarchical linear regression analyses to identify predictors of ATSMHS. Results: In the final saturated model, female gender, urban residence, personal and vicarious experience with psychotherapy, and higher perceived social support were each associated with more positive ATSMHS. In addition, more positive representations of old age and less negative perceptions of (younger) psychotherapists explained unique variance in ATSMHS over and above the other predictors. The overall model was significant and explained 49% of the variance in ATSMHS. Conclusion: Our findings can be used to inform interventions to improve older adults' ATSMHS. Interventions that seek to improve older adults' representations of their own aging as well as of psychotherapists may be useful for reducing the treatment gap.
    Aging and Mental Health 06/2014; DOI:10.1080/13607863.2014.920300 · 1.78 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective Hypertension and an atherogenic lipid profile are known risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD). Hypertensives show greater changes in atherogenic plasma lipids to acute stress than normotensives. In this study we investigated whether attribution of failure is associated with lipid stress reactivity in hypertensive compared with normotensive men. Methods 18 normotensive and 17 hypertensive men (mean ± SEM; 45 ± 2.2 years) underwent an acute standardized psychosocial stress task that can be viewed as a situation of experimentally induced failure. We assessed external-stable (ES), external-variable (EV), internal-stable (IS), and internal variable (IV) attribution of failure and psychological control variables (i.e. extent of depression and neuroticism). Moreover, total cholesterol (TC), low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and norepinephrine were measured immediately before and several times after stress. Results ES moderated TC- and LDL-C-stress reactivity in hypertensives as compared to normotensives (interaction mean arterial pressure [MAP]-by-ES for TC: F = 3.71, p = .015; for LDL-C: F = 3.61, p = .016). TC and LDL-C levels were highest in hypertensives with low ES immediately after stress (p ≤ .039). In contrast, hypertensives with high ES did not differ from normotensives in TC and LDL-C immediately after stress (p’s > .28). Controlling for norepinephrine, depression, and neuroticism in addition to age and BMI did not significantly change results. There were no significant associations between lipid baseline levels or aggregated lipid secretion and IS, IV, or EV (p’s > .23). Conclusion Our data suggest that ES may independently protect from elevated lipid stress reactivity in hypertensive individuals. ES thus might be a protective factor against CHD in hypertension.
    Journal of Psychosomatic Research 07/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2014.04.004 · 2.84 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 22, 2014