Curved lipid membranes are ubiquitous in living systems and play an important role in many biological processes. To understand how curvature and lipid composition affect membrane formation and fluidity, we have assembled and studied mixed 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC) and 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DOPE) supported lipid bilayers on amorphous silicon nanowires grown around carbon nanotube cores with controlled wire diameters ranging from 20 to 200 nm. We found that lipid vesicles fused onto nanowire substrates and formed continuous bilayers for all DOPC-DOPE mixtures tested (with the DOPE content of up to 30%). Our measurements demonstrate that nanowire-supported bilayers are mobile, exhibit fast recovery after photobleaching, and have a low concentration of defects. Lipid diffusion coefficients in these high-curvature tubular membranes are comparable to the values reported for flat supported bilayers and increase slightly with decreasing nanowire diameter. A free space diffusion model adequately describes the effect of bilayer curvature on the lipid mobility for nanowire substrates with diameters greater than 50 nm, but shows significant deviations from the experimental values for smaller diameter nanowires.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Both low-dimensional bar-coded metal oxide layers, which exhibit molecular hinging, and free-standing organic nanostructures can be obtained from unique nanofibers of vanadium oxide (VO(x)). The nanofibers are successfully synthesized by a simple chemical route using an ethanolic solution of vanadium pentoxide xerogel and dodecanethiol resulting in a double bilayered laminar turbostratic structure. The formation of vanadium oxide nanofibers is observed after hydrothermal treatment of the thiol-intercalated xerogel, resulting in typical lengths in the range 2-6 microm and widths of about 50-500 nm. We observe concomitant hinging of the flexible nanofiber lamina at periodic hinge points in the final product on both the nanoscale and molecular level. Bar-coded nanofibers comprise alternating segments of organic-inorganic (thiols-VO(x)) material and are amenable to segmented, localized metal nanoparticle docking. Under certain conditions free-standing bilayered organic nanostructures are realized.
Small 07/2008; 4(7):990-1000. DOI:10.1002/smll.200701014 · 8.37 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The spectroscopic and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) studies of interaction between chlorpromazine (CPZ) and dimyristoyl phosphatidylglycerol (DMPG) bilayer by using gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) as probes are reported. The DMPG bilayer-protected AuNPs were prepared by a simple one-step method. The DMPG bilayer tethered on the AuNPs was considered as a biomembrane model. The addition of CPZ affected the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and morphology of the prepared AuNPs, and this effect was monitored by UV-vis spectroscopy and TEM. The interaction between CPZ and DMPG bialyer was CPZ concentration-dependent, and the possible mechanism was discussed. This simple and facile method may be quite general and work for other surface active drug-biomembrane or protein-biomembrane interactions.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 09/2008; 373(2):202-5. DOI:10.1016/j.bbrc.2008.05.187 · 2.30 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This paper presents a study of supported lipid bilayer (SLB) formation and subsequent protein binding using a sensor that combines localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) and quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D) monitoring. The LSPR activity arises from silicon oxide (SiO x ) coated nanometric apertures in a thin gold film, which also serves as the active electrode of a QCM-D crystal. Both transducer principles provide signatures for the formation of a SLB upon adsorption and subsequent rupture of adsorbed lipid vesicles. However, the two techniques are sensitive over different regions of the sample: LSPR primarily inside and on the rim of the holes and QCM-D primarily on the planar areas between the holes. Although the dimension of the lipid vesicles is on the same order as the dimension of the nanoholes, it is concluded from the response of the combined system that vesicle rupture in the nanoholes and on the planar region between the holes is synchronized. Furthermore, by determining the thickness of the SLB from the QCM-D response, the characteristic decay length of the LSPR field intensity could be determined. This made it possible not only to determine the mass and refractive index of the homogeneous SLB but also to postulate a generic means to quantify the LSPR response in terms of mass-uptake also for nonhomogeneous films. This is exemplified by measuring the adsorbed lipid mass during vesicle adsorption, yielding the critical lipid vesicle coverage at which spontaneous rupture into a planar bilayer occurs. The generic applicability and versatility of the method is demonstrated from specific protein binding to a functionalized SLB. From the absolute refractive index of the protein, provided from the LSPR data alone, it was possible to determine both the effective thickness of the protein film and the molecular mass (or number) of bound protein.
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