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Molecular cloning and characterization of prostaglandin (PG) transporter in ovine endometrium: Role for multiple cell signaling pathways in transport of PGF(2 alpha)

Department of Veterinary Integrative Biosciences, College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843-4458, USA.
Endocrinology (Impact Factor: 4.64). 02/2008; 149(1):219-31. DOI: 10.1210/en.2007-1087
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In ruminants, endometrial prostaglandin F(2alpha) (PGF(2alpha)) is the luteolytic hormone. Cellular transport of PGF(2alpha) in the uterine endometrium is critical for regulation of the estrous cycle. Molecular mechanisms responsible for control of PGF(2alpha) transport in endometrium during luteolysis are largely unknown. In the present study, we characterized the prostaglandin transporter (PGT) in ovine endometrium. Ovine PGT cDNA consists of 1935 nucleotides that encode 644 amino acids. In ovine endometria, PGT is highly expressed during the period of luteolysis, between d 14 and 16 of the estrous cycle, in luminal and glandular epithelia. Pharmacological and genomic inhibition of PGT indicates that it is responsible for influx and efflux of PGF(2alpha) in ovine endometrial epithelial cells. Inhibition of PGT during the period of luteolysis prevents the release of oxytocin-induced PGF(2alpha) pulses, and maintains functional corpus luteum and its secretion of progesterone. In ovine endometrial epithelial cells, protein kinase A and protein kinase C pathways are involved in regulating the influx of PGF(2alpha), whereas epidermal growth factor receptor pathways are implicated in regulation of influx and efflux of PGF(2alpha.) The ERK1/2 pathway is associated with efflux of PGF(2alpha), whereas Jun-amino-terminal kinase/stress-activated protein kinase pathways are involved in both efflux and influx of PGF(2alpha.) Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase pathways are not involved in either influx or efflux of PGF(2alpha) in ovine endometrial epithelial cells. These are the first results to demonstrate a functional role for PGT in regulation of PGF(2alpha) efflux and influx in ovine endometrial cells that influence luteolytic mechanisms in ruminants.

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