Characterization of a beta-fructofuranosidase from Schwanniomyces occidentalis with transfructosylating activity yielding the prebiotic 6-kestose.
ABSTRACT beta-Fructofuranosidases are powerful tools in industrial biotechnology. We have characterized an extracellular beta-fructofuranosidase from the yeast Schwanniomyces occidentalis. The enzyme shows broad substrate specificity, hydrolyzing sucrose, 1-kestose, nystose and raffinose, with different catalytic efficiencies (k(cat)/K(m)). Although the main reaction catalysed by this enzyme is sucrose hydrolysis, it also produces two fructooligosaccharides (FOS) by transfructosylation. A combination of (1)H, (13)C and 2D-NMR techniques shows that the major product is the prebiotic trisaccharide 6-kestose. The 6-kestose yield obtained with this beta-fructofuranosidase is, to our concern, higher than those reported with other 6-kestose-producing enzymes, both at the kinetic maximum (76gl(-1)) and at reaction equilibrium (44gl(-1)). The total FOS production in the kinetic maximum was 101gl(-1), which corresponded to 16.4% (w/w) referred to the total carbohydrates in the reaction mixture.
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ABSTRACT: A fructosyltransferase present in Pectinex Ultra SP-L, a commercial enzyme preparation from Aspergillus aculeatus, was purified to 107-fold and further characterised. The enzyme was a dimeric glycoprotein (20% (w/w) carbohydrate content) with a molecular mass of around 135 kDa for the dimer. Optimal activity/stability was found in the pH range 5.0-7.0 and at 60 degrees C. It was stable or slightly activated (upto 1.4-fold) in the presence of reducing agents, such as dithiothreitol and 2-mercaptoethanol, and detergents, such as sodium dodecylsulphate and Tween 80. The enzyme was able to transfer fructosyl groups from sucrose as donor producing the corresponding series of fructooligosaccharides: 1-kestose, nystose and fructosylnystose. Using sucrose as substrate, the k(cat) and K(m) values for transfructosylating activity were 1.62+/-0.09 x 10(4)s(-1) and 0.53+/-0.05 M, whereas for hydrolytic activity the corresponding values were 775+/-25s(-1) and 27+/-3 mM. At elevated sucrose concentrations, the fructosyltransferase from A. aculeatus showed a high transferase/hydrolase ratio that confers it a great potential for the industrial production of prebiotic fructooligosaccharides.Journal of Biotechnology 02/2007; 128(1):204-11. · 3.18 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Biosynthesis of fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) was observed during growth of the thermophilic fungus Sporotrichum thermophile on media containing high sucrose concentrations. Submerged batch cultivation with the optimum initial sucrose concentration of 250 g/l allowed the production of 12.5 g FOS/l. The FOS mixture obtained was composed of three sugars, which were isolated by size-exclusion chromatography. They were characterized by acid hydrolysis and HPLC as 1-kestose, 6-kestose and neokestose. The mechanism of osmotic adaptation of S. thermophile was investigated and sugars and amino acids were found to be the predominant compatible solutes. The fungus accumulated glutamic acid, arginine, alanine, leucine and lysine, in order to balance the outer osmotic pressure. Fatty acid analysis of the membrane lipids showed a relatively high percentage of unsaturated lipids, which is known to be associated with high membrane fluidity.Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 02/2004; 63(4):378-82. · 3.69 Impact Factor
- Journal of Biological Chemistry - J BIOL CHEM. 01/1996; 271(24):13953-13958.
Miguel Álvaro Benito