[Development of blood examination method of serum amyloid A and LDL complex, and clinical application to prediction of cardiovascular event].
ABSTRACT In recent years, it has been reported that the acute-phase proteins C-reactive protein(CRP) and serum amyloid A(SAA), the sera levels of which are elevated in inflammation, are also elevated in coronary artery disease such as acute myocardial infarction. Also, high-sensitivity CRP assay is thought to be useful in predicting the prognosis of coronary heart disease. While investigating complexes of acute-phase proteins and low-density lipoprotein(LDL), we found a complex of LDL and SAA(SAA/LDL complex). The SAA/LDL complex in blood are formed from LDL and HDL by an oxidation reaction. Therefore, we developed an ELISA using anti-human SAA antibody and anti-human apoB, and determined a new method for measuring SAA/LDL complex in sera. We evaluated SAA/LDL complex as a new marker for prediction of prognosis in addition to the ordinary markers in consecutive 140 patients with stable coronary heart disease who had at least 1 coronary artery stenosis more than 50% in diameter at the diagnostic coronary angiography. Of these 140 patients, 2 developed fatal myocardial infarction, 2 cerebral infarction, and 17 angina pectoris requiring coronary revascularization therapy during 1 year and 6 months after blood examinations. The SAA/LDL complex value in this EVENT group of 21 patients was significantly higher than that in the control group of 119 individuals. High-sensitivity CRP (hs-CRP) assay and SAA measurement showed no significant difference between the 2 groups. The SAA/LDL complex reflects intravascular inflammation directly and can be a new marker more sensitive than hs-CRP or SAA for prediction of prognosis in patients with stable coronary artery disease.
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ABSTRACT: The putative association between the novel oxidized low-density lipoprotein markers, serum amyloid A-LDL (SAA-LDL) and alpha1-antitrypsin-LDL (AT-LDL), and obesity and the metabolic syndrome (MetS) has not been previously studied. In the present report, we investigated the levels of SAA-LDL and AT-LDL in relation to the components of the MetS. We also assessed the effect of weight reduction therapy on serum SAA-LDL and AT-LDL levels among obese subjects. The study population included 421 obese Japanese outpatients (185 men and 236 women, mean age: 51.1 years) enrolled in the multicenter Japan Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome Study (JOMS). The novel oxidized low-density lipoprotein markers, serum SAA-LDL and AT-LDL, were measured in all participants. Circulating SAA-LDL levels were independently associated with the presence and the number of components of the MetS. SAA-LDL levels were also significantly and independently correlated with high-sensitivity C-reactive protein. Notably, successful weight reduction resulted in a significant decrease in circulating SAA-LDL concentrations. Levels of AT-LDL were not associated with the MetS. We documented, for the first time, that serum SAA-LDL levels correlate positively with the number of components of the MetS and weight reduction. Whether SAA-LDL may be involved in the pathophysiology of MetS and atherosclerosis deserves further investigation.Atherosclerosis 10/2008; 204(2):526-31. · 3.71 Impact Factor