Article

Preventing unintentional pediatric injuries: a tailored intervention for parents and providers.

Division of Epidemiology, Statistics.revention Research, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
Health Education Research (Impact Factor: 1.66). 09/2008; 23(4):656-69. DOI: 10.1093/her/cym041
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of providing (i) tailored injury prevention information (T-IPI) to parents and (ii) concurrent T-IPI to parents and providers to promote parent adoption of safety practices. During well-child visits, parents of children ages 4 and younger completed a computer assessment and were randomized to receive generic injury prevention information, T-IPI or T-IPI supplemented with a tailored summary for providers. Follow-up assessments were completed by telephone 1 month later. Parents receiving T-IPI alone or with supplementary provider information were more likely to report adopting a new injury prevention behavior than those receiving generic information (49 and 45%, respectively, compared with 32%; odds ratio=2.0 and 1.9, respectively), and these effects were greatest among the least educated parents. In addition, more complicated behavior changes were reported by those receiving tailored information. Provider receipt of feedback did not result in significantly different provider-parent communication or change in parents' safety practices. Providing parents with individually tailored pediatric injury prevention information may be an effective method for delivering injury prevention anticipatory guidance. Tailoring may have particular utility for more complicated behaviors and for communication with less educated parents.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Tonja Nansel, Jun 23, 2015
0 Followers
 · 
96 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To synthesise and evaluate the evidence of the effectiveness of interventions to prevent scalds in children. An overview of systematic reviews (SR) and a SR of primary studies were performed evaluating interventions to prevent scalds in children. A comprehensive literature search was conducted covering various resources up to October 2012. Experimental and controlled observational studies reporting scald injuries, safety practices and safety equipment use were included. Fourteen systematic reviews and 39 primary studies were included. There is little evidence that interventions are effective in reducing the incidence of scalds in children. More evidence was found that inventions are effective in promoting safe hot tap water temperature, especially when home safety education, home safety checks and discounted or free safety equipment including thermometers and thermostatic mixing valves were provided. No consistent evidence was found for the effectiveness of interventions on the safe handling of hot food or drinks nor improving kitchen safety practices. Education, home safety checks along with thermometers or thermostatic mixing valves should be promoted to reduce tap water scalds. Further research is needed to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions on scald injuries and to disentangle the effects of multifaceted interventions on scald injuries and safety practices. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI. All rights reserved.
    Burns: journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries 04/2015; 8. DOI:10.1016/j.burns.2014.11.002 · 1.84 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study identified behavioral and organizational barriers and facilitators related to the implementation of a clinic-based pediatric injury prevention program. Safe N' Sound (SNS), an evidence-based tailored injury prevention program designed for pediatric primary care, was implemented in five pediatric clinics in North Carolina. Office managers participated in structured interviews; health care providers participated in focus groups. Waiting room observations were conducted in participating clinics. Qualitative data captured perceptions of program implementation, including experience in integrating the program into clinical practice, usage by parents and providers, and recommendations for improving implementation. Reported facilitators of program use included usefulness and likeability of customized materials by parents and physicians and alignment with clinic priorities for injury prevention. Barriers included perceived staff burden despite the program's low staff requirements. Consequently, practices experienced difficulty integrating the program into the waiting room environment and within existing staff roles. Recommendations included formalizing staff roles in implementation. Waiting room observations supported greater technology maintenance and staff involvement. Findings suggest a dynamic relationship between program implementation and the adopting organization. In addition to considering characteristics of the intervention, environment, and personnel in intervention development, implementation may require customization to the organization's capacity.
    Health Promotion Practice 10/2013; DOI:10.1177/1524839913504586 · 0.55 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Providing safety education to parents of young children is important in the prevention of unintentional injuries in or around the home. We developed a Web-based, tailored safety advice module to support face-to-face counseling in the setting of preventive youth health care (E-health4Uth home safety) in order to improve the provision of safety information for parents of young children. This pilot study evaluated a Web-based, tailored safety advice module (E-health4Uth home safety) and evaluated the use of E-health4Uth home safety to support counseling in routine well-child care visits. From a preventive youth health care center, 312 parents with a child aged 10-31 months were assigned to the E-health4Uth home safety condition or to the care-as-usual condition (provision of a generic safety information leaflet). All parents completed a questionnaire either via the Internet or paper-and-pencil, and parents in the E-health4Uth condition received tailored home safety advice either online or by a print that was mailed to their home. This tailored home safety advice was used to discuss the safety of their home during the next scheduled well-child visit. Parents in the care-as-usual condition received a generic safety information leaflet during the well-child visit. Mean age of the parents was 32.5 years (SD 5.4), 87.8% (274/312) of participants were mothers; mean age of the children was 16.9 months (SD 5.1). In the E-health4Uth condition, 38.4% (61/159) completed the online version of the questionnaire (allowing Web-based tailored safety advice), 61.6% (98/159) preferred to complete the questionnaire via paper (allowing only a hardcopy of the advice to be sent by regular mail). Parents in the E-health4Uth condition evaluated the Web-based, tailored safety advice (n=61) as easy to use (mean 4.5, SD 0.7), pleasant (mean 4.0, SD 0.9), reliable (mean 4.6, SD 0.6), understandable (mean 4.6, SD 0.5), relevant (mean 4.2, SD 0.9), and useful (mean 4.3, SD 0.8). After the well-child visit, no significant differences were found between the E-health4Uth condition and care-as-usual condition with regard to the satisfaction with the information received (n=61, P=.51). Health care professionals (n=43) rated the tailored safety advice as adequate (mean 4.0, SD 0.4) and useful (mean 3.9, SD 0.4). Less than half of the parents accepted the invitation to complete a Web-based questionnaire to receive online tailored safety advice prior to a face-to-face consultation. Despite wide access to the Internet, most parents preferred to complete questionnaires using paper-and-pencil. In the subgroup that completed E-health4Uth home safety online, evaluations of E-health4Uth home safety were positive. However, satisfaction scores with regard to tailored safety advice were not different from those with regard to generic safety information leaflets.
    02/2013; 2(1):e9. DOI:10.2196/resprot.1862