Technical modifications for laparoscopic cholecystectomy by the left-handed surgeon.
ABSTRACT There is a complete paucity of literature for left-handed surgeons. Some studies revealed that left-handed surgical residents have lesser operating skills and some surgeons have considered leaving surgery at some point in their career owing to laterality-related frustrations. Most important, whereas minimally invasive surgical techniques have had a profound impact on the treatment of diseased gallbladder, these procedures do not eliminate laterality related to the discomfort of left-handed surgeons. Usually, left-handed surgeons must teach themselves a procedure. They must make modifications and learn some technical tips to make a more comfortable, convenient, and safe intervention. The aim of this study was to describe some modifications made by a left-handed surgeon to perform 52 safe laparoscopic cholecystectomies with standard right-handed instruments in our hospital. These surgical steps could be used in a reproducible way to minimize the recurring difficulties of left-handed learners in a surgical residency program.
- SourceAvailable from: Anastasios J Karayiannakis[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Situs inversus totalis is a rare congenital defect that can present difficulties during laparoscopic surgery due to the mirror-image anatomy. We report a patient with symptomatic cholelithiasis and previous abdominal surgery in whom a chest X-ray revealed a right-sided heart, whereas abdominal ultrasound revealed that his gallbladder was located in the left hypochondrium. At surgery, the surgeon and the camera assistant were standing on the right-hand side of the patient, and the first assistant was standing on the left. The camera was introduced through an umbilical incision, and laparoscopy confirmed the situs inversus. The other 10-mm trocar was placed in the midline left of the falciform ligament and two 5-mm trocars were placed in the left subcostal midclavicular line and anterior axillary line, respectively. After dissection of multiple adhesions caused by previous abdominal surgery, a standard laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed successfully. This report suggests that situs inversus is not a contraindication for laparoscopic surgery. However, the procedure is more difficult and potentially hazardous due to the mirror-image anatomy (particularly the transposition of biliary ducts) causing difficulties in orientation, so that extreme care is required to avoid iatrogenic injuries. Despite these factors, laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be performed safely in patients with situs inversus totalis.Surgical Endoscopy 08/2002; 16(7):1110. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Situs inversus viscerum is a rare condition with a genetic predisposition. We report 2 patients with situs inversus totalis and symptomatic cholelithiasis successfully treated via laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The first patient was a 61-year-old female presenting with pain in the left upper quadrant associated with fever, chills, nausea and vomiting. The abdomen was tender with guarding and rebounding pain in the same region. Abdominal ultrasound and CT scan confirmed the diagnosis of gallstones as well as situs inversus with the liver and gallbladder on the left side and the spleen on the right. The second patient was a 37-year-old male with known situs inversus who presented with biliary colic due to cholelithiasis. In both patients cholecystectomy was performed laparoscopically in a reverse fashion. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was carried out successfully despite the reversed anatomic relationships and both patients made a smooth recovery. Cholelithiasis occurring with situs inversus totalis is rare and may present a diagnostic problem. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be safely and effectively applied in the setting of situs inversus, although attention must be paid to the details of left-right reversal.Digestive Surgery 02/1999; 16(6):519-21. · 1.47 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Since laparoscopic cholecystectomy has become the standard procedure for the treatment of gallstone disease, several cases have been reported in patients with situs inversus. These cases require more technically demanding procedures due to the symmetrical disposition of the anatomy. Thus, handedness could influence the performance of these operations. The two of us (L.M.O.) and (J.M.B.), a right-handed and a left-handed surgeon, respectively, placed the instruments in reverse mode from that used in orthotopic patients. The right-handed surgeon felt more impairment when dissecting with his left hand and decided to cross the instruments within the abdomen. The left-handed surgeon was able to alternate the performance of the dissection maneuvers between the right and left hands. Surgical procedures are apparently designed for right-handed surgeons and can be approached by the left-handed in alternative ways. In fact, the accommodation of laparoscopic cholecystectomy to left-handedness has been described in the literature. The rare opportunity to operate in a symmetrical way allows the right-handed surgeon to understand the absence of comfort and ergonomy often experienced by left-handed colleagues.Surgical Endoscopy 12/2003; 17(11):1859-61. · 3.43 Impact Factor